jueves, 10 de diciembre de 2015

Israelites in Insulindia 2

Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, Taiwan, East Timor, Papua New Guinea.

One interesting similarity in Malay & Hebrew languages: A while ago Malays called their religious man lebai while Jewish call them rabbi (pronounced rabbai).     Hebrew = Ben        Malay = Bin = Son of     Binti = Daugther of

The British tended to regard the Jews as orientals, hence they often treated them with contempt. However at times, abroad, in the British Empire, they were treated as Brittons, something they didn't do with other local subjects. In some cases they lead the anti British decolonizing movements (like in Singapore) or, in different parts of the world, pro rights movements. These rivalries remind of the constant rivalry, found in the Bible, between Judah & Ephraim. Isaiah 11:13 Ephraim's jealousy will vanish, and Judah's enemies be will destroyed; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, nor Judah hostile toward Ephraim.

Bajawa is an important town in Ngada land. Bajawa could be translated in Hebrew as "Ba Jawa", "Children of Jahweh".

The baby boy name Lewi is pronounced as L-UWiy †. Lewi is primarily used in Hebrew, and it is of Hebrew and Germanic origin. Lewi is a Hebrew form of the Hungarian, English, German, and Hebrew name Levi. Lewi is also a form of the English and French name Louis which come from . Lio might come from Levi. Ende is an Ashkenazic Jewish last name. Are the Lio-Ende people levites?

It's noteworthy that the Malays have 20% of Middle East's genes.

In Malay final k and initial h are almost inaudible. Daya is a word from Hebrew roots which means bird of prey. This could also be the origin of the word Dayak or even Battak.

Kemak is a word similar to Kemet, the Egyptian name of Egypt, a land from which the Israelites came after 400 years. Marae is a variant of "Mara", bitter in Hebrew. A marae was a sacred place for the ancient Maoris, used for religious & social purposes. The Tongas call them Malae. These two peoples live in Timor.

Was the Garden of Eden in Kalimantan? The map with the position of the for rivers resembles that of Garden of Eden.

According to William Steuart McBirnie, author of "The Search for the Apostles" where very rich & influential  & had commercial settlements in many places on the coast of India, Ceylon, Malaya & the farthest coast of China.

Nagekeo could come from the Hebrew words "nage" & "keo". Naga' and its derivatives (including nage) appear in the Hebrew Bible about six hundred and fifty times.' The meaning of this verb is first "the lifting up; secondly, the carrying; and thirdly, the taking away of a burden." Keo means "He will enlarge". The Messiah takes our burdens away & that makes us grow. In other words, He exhalts us.

Victor Schlatter discovered significant connections to Lost Israel among the islanders of southeast Asia-Pacific.

Helong is phonetivally almost indentic to the Hebrew name "Helon". The name Helon occurs five times in the Bible, but we only know about this man because of his famous son: Eliab, the son of Helon, who was the leader of the tribe of Zebulun in the first period of the wilderness years. This Eliab is mentioned five times in the first ten chapters of Numbers, starting at Numbers 1:9. If the Helongs are Israelites then they should be Zebulonites. The Japanese have Israelites among them. According to them, these Japanese Israelites are Zebulonites as well. The name Helon probably comes from either the noun חיל (hayil), meaning might, which derives from the verbחול II (hul II), meaning to be firm or endure, or it comes from the verbחול I (hul I), meaning to whirl or writhe.

Alef'uru could be divided in two Hebrew words. Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Uru means "city" in Hebrew. The ancient name of Jerusalem is "Urushalim". In Arabic, apart from the name Al-Quds, meaning "the Holy" & Bayt al-Maqdis, meaning "The House of the Holy", is called Urushalim. 

The symbol of the pelta of the Isaric Bnei Makirs resembles that of the Star Wars rebel alliance & the Star of David resembles that of the Galactic Empire. So we have two Israelite symbols in Star Wars. The thing is the current Jewish State is a little & democratic kingdom surrounded by a huge bunch of Muslim countries that often resemble an empire & are the rest of an Arab Muslim empire.

There's a Sind in Kashmir, India, & the celebrated one in Pakistan. There's an Alor in the Israelite area of Nigeria called Igboland, also in Romania, Malaysia & Indonesia. The Alor people of Indonesia happen to be Israelites too. Sind, Pakistan also holds the city of Sukkur or Sakharu which anciently was named Alor too. It's considered that Sakharu means superior, but there's not a clear agreement regarding the meaning. I suggest that since this area has Pashtuns (Israelites) & Israelites may have founded the Sind in Kashmir in northern India & there's another one in southern Pakistan, then they may have founded Sakharu. I suggest that Sakharu was called after Issakar.

JELANI. In Abyssinia (Ethiopia), the name is probably of Semitic origin, a form of Hebrew El, as it is used in the sense of "mighty one." The name exists among the Dayaks of Borneo, to whom it means "the moon."

The Arabs had an ancient & constant contact with these archipelagoes. Many of the Arabs were Jews in reality. This was the case in Madagascar. That's why they have some tribes with Jewish origin.

There are high priests among the Dayaks, Torajas, Bataks... Does this priesthood come from Levi? 

For the Hebrew word Beith or Beth there's the word Beta in Geez (ancient Ethiopian language). In Semitic languages vowels don't really counted in the past. The Batak were known in ancient sources as Bata. In neighboring Malay language the final k is mute, so perhaps this has been the case with Battak language too. So perhaps Bata was just a local derivation of the Hebrew word "Bet" plus  a "k"  added as a suffix. The Israelites were known as  as the House of Israel, the People of the Covenant, the Children of Israel... Batak could be then House of Israel shortened simply as House. Batak. The root בתק b-t-q means to pierce, to stub (also in sister languages like Arabic, Akkadian...). In Filipino means "haul", perhaps because they made a long haul by coming frpm the Middle East. The word "batak" is also found in Hebrew Bible meaning "to trust". If it means "to pierce" perhaps the Israelite ancestry of the Bataks took the name because seeing that in Insulindia piercing one's body is such an extended tradition, & they were impressed & speaking among themselves in Hebrew saying "Batak!", because is one of the prohibitions in the Torah. Then the natives heard them saying that & called them simply "Batak".

The SiKa or SiKanese live in the central Flores island. They're 180000 people. Sikkātum is considered to be an Assyrian word. It is suggested that sikkātum is related to the west semitic word sukhōt and was used to refer to seasonal extramural metals marketplace by metonymy. That's one of the options of origin of the word Sikka. Sakin סכין in Hebrew means "knife". However, while this is how it is spelled in Rabbinic Hebrew, and the Aramaic cognate is סכינא, in Biblical Hebrew the word is spelled with a sin, not a samech - שכין. It appears only once, in Mishlei 23:2. The word שכין derives from the base שכך, which can be defined as "to be pointed, to transfix" (and is not related to the homographic root שכך meaning "to cover, lay over"). Two other unique Biblical words come from this root: sech שך - "thorn" (appears only in the plural, sikim שכים in Bamidbar 33:55), and suka שכה - "barb" (in Iyov 40:31). Also related is the post-Biblical sika סיכה - "pin, peg, brooch".
                                                                                
                                                               Indonesian Israelites

The tribes in the Philippines are identified with the Israelites too. Before I found this information I came to this conclusion as well.

Have the Lembata any relation with the Lembas? Lemba was a village in ancient Israel. The end in "ta" is a Hebrew suffix meaning "you".

Simalungun 
"Sima" means "Precious thing" or "treasure" in Hebrew. It's a girl's & a boy's name. There are Jewish families in Argentina with surname Lungin, which is very similar to Lungun. 

The Ashkenazi Kara/Caro/Karo family ranks high in the "Very Ancient" category. Already in Babylon of the 2nd and 3rd century A.D. a Kara was a professional or honorary title of someone able to read the books of the Bible and/or teacher. The Hebrew word is the same in Arabic and means Koran reader. The name also appears in the Yemenite Jewish community but they make no claim to Kara/Caro descent. Caro/Karo is Sephardi, Spanish-Portuguese, word meaning "dear".

Angkola
Ang is close phonetically to ank. Ank has Hebrew Origin: Night star; Graceful; Shining. "Kol ha kavod" is a very common expression, meaning congratulations, well done ecc. Literally, it means: kol = all ha = the kavod = honor Angkola would mean in Hebrew "all the night stars". The group of Israelite ancestors of the Angkolas may have named their area Angkola because all the could be seen in the night in that area because the lack human made light.

Pura
The form פור (pwr) occurs as expression of the verb פרר (parar II; see above). But it's also the masculine noun פור (pur), meaning lot, where the name of the feast of Purim comes from. It's not clear where this word itself comes from. Some scholars suggest that it was imported from Assyrian where it means stone, and that it was imply an unusual equivalent of the more regular word for lot: גרל (goral). And then there is the proper root פור (pwr), which is also not used as verb but which yields the following nouns: The feminine noun פורה (pura), means winepress (Isaiah 63:3 and Haggai 2:16 only). The masculine noun פרור (parur), means boiling pot (Numbers 11:8, Judges 6:19 and 1 Samuel 2;14 only).

Adonara is a name very similar to Adonai, meaning "Master" or "Lord" in Hebrew.

The island of Flores is full of attributed Israelites in all areas: Larantuka, central, east...

The Sika or Sikanese having the SK consonants might be Hebrews descending their name from Isaak.

Are the Riung (being part of the nGaDha) GaDites? And the other nGaDa (also known as Rokka or Rokkanese)?


Does Belu come from Bel or Baal, the god worshipped by the idolatrous Israelites? 

Torajas
The Akkadian & Babylonian word "Belu" (meaning "Lord" gave the Hebrew word "Bel").
The Sangihe (also known as Sangir or Sangirese) are also found in the Philippines.

Toraja could be easily interpreted as coming from the Hebrew words "Torah" & "Jah", translated as the "God's Law". Maybe among the Indonesian Israelites the Toraja's ancestors were the most jelous keeping "Jah's Torah" & other neighboring Israelites nicknamed them after those two Hebrew words & eventually that became their name. 

Did Sabu receive their name from the holy day of Shavuot? 

Do the Lembata have anything to do with Lembas?

Atoni, Atoin Meto or Dawan may have received their name from Akhenaton, the "apostate" pharao that instaured monotheism. Dawan (the name of one of these peoples) is found in several toponyms in Canton (Guangdong) & in close provinces. Is also found in several areas of western Iran, where the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel were placed. In fact one of them is called Davijan as well & other one is found in a province called Gilan, a name that seems to have the same root as Gilead or Golan. Anything to do with David of old?









































There's a strong identification among the Bataks with Israel. It is believed that the ancestors of the Batak saled thru Indian ocean & colonized Madagascar, another place with Israelite claims. Some of the Batak tribes have names that reminds one of the Israelite names. Toba is a Hebrew name meaning goodly. Mandailing might be Manasa. The Israelites were taken to Iranian lands & the Iranian Peoples often switched a Semitic "s" sound for "d", Manda equaling Mansa or Manasseh. Even the celebrated Myanmaran city of Mandalay might have this origin, especially if we take into account that the Bnei Menasseh are not far away. Moreover, there are other peoples in the area that are believed to be Israelites like the Karens, Karennis, Chans, Sakai Manis & these peoples, or part of them might be Manassehites. The name Manis sounds similar to Manassah at least. Simelungun starts very similarly to Simeon. Finally Angkola might have the same origin of Angola, Africa, Angkor, Cambodia & another Angola in the Americas. They all have gola, believed to come from the Hebrew word for exile or diaspora. There's also in the Island of Sumatra non-Batak tribes with names that makes on think they might be Israelites: Komering, Sekah, Bengkulu, Sikolo, Simoloe. Komering might come from Gomer, wicked wife of one of the Israelite kings, Sekah might come from Isaac under the rule of Hebrew vowelization. Sikolo might come from Isaac Golo or "Isaac's Diaspora". Finally Simoloe might come from Simon or Shimon, Simeon in Hebrew. This is even likelier if we think that the Simelungun living close by are Simeonites, especially if the Semau named before are also Simeonites.

Mandailing 
"Manda" means knowledge, reason, understanding...in Aramaic, one of the languages of olden Israel. "Ala" means rib in Hebrew. ‘il‘în, ‘il·‘în & ilIn are forms of the plural, so they translate as ribs. Then "Mandailin" would mean "ribs' knowledge", perhaps refering to the first man, Adam, from which ribs came the rest of humankind, through Eve. Adam was a chosen man of the Lord, therefore there knowkedge had to be great. He wasn't anything primitive or ape like as Bible haters portray him.

The Minahasa people had democratic society since old times, something akin to the Israelites. Their name, Minahasa, may have come from Menasseh taking into account the Hebrew rule of vowelization. It does make sense them being Manassehites because it is believed to be pockets of Menassehites not extremely distantly. As the wicked Israelites started worshipped Astaroth, the Earth goddess, so did the ancient Minahasa. According to different sources, including anthropologists, the Minahasas have Mongol, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish & Jewish ancestry. Other forms for the word "Minahasa" are "Minaesa" and "Mina hasa". Minna is female given name. It originates from Hebrew child of earth. Mina also comes from Adamina (femenine form of Adam) & means "red earth". Hasa means place of refuge in Hebrew. Minahasa could be derived from Minaesa which could derive from Manassah, one of the Israelite tribes, or could mean "Refuge of the Red Earth". A harbor is a place of refuge, so another meaning or form of the same meaning could be "Harbor of the Red Earth". These islands are really populated by different kinds of trees & plants, therefore they are good for hiding & refuge. These islands have superb natural harbors indeed. These islands are surrounded by warm waters because of the climatic area in which they lie. Red earth is found in these islands vecause red earth is found often in warm water areas. There is perhaps no spot in the world richer in marine productions, corals, shells and fishes, than the harbour of Amboyna (or Ambon) in Maluku.

Pakpak
Pak is a Hebrew word; a flask (from which a liquid may flow) -- box, vial. Vial: In modern English means "a tiny flask." The word appears in English Versions of the Bible 1 Samuel 10:1 and the Revised Version (British and American) 2 Kings 9:1, 3 (the King James Version "box") for pakh, a word found nowhere else and from a root meaning "to pour." 1 Samuel 10:1 HEB:     NAS: took the flask of oil, KJV: took a vial of oil, INT: took Samuel the flask of oil poured 2 Kings 9:1 HEB:     NAS: this flask of oil KJV: and take this box of oil INT: your loins and take flask of oil this Pakpak has the Hebrew pak twice, perhaps to stress the importance of anointing.

Interestingly there's a city called Alor in the Igbo (Israelite) state of Anambra, Nigeria. Rote or Rotti people from Roti, Indonesia are also known as Termanu.

It's interesting that the name Savu is interchangeable with Sabu, just as these consonants are interchangeable in Hebrew. Does their name have any relation with the kingdom of Sabah or Sheba? Let's remember that this kingdom was very influenced by the Israelites to the point that became officially Jewish. Even before it became Jewish there were Israelites living there & still nowadays Yemen is one of the most genetically Jewish nations together with Israel. Moreover Sabah in Malaysia is not far away, so Israelite colonists from Sabah could have colonized it. Sabah may have been called even after Sabbath, the Holy Jewish day.

The fertility traditions of Battak-Toba & Nias are similar, if not equal, to the ones followed by the apostate Israelites of olden times. The Nias also use altars that resemble the Israelite altars.

In 1841 a book appeared, The Nestorians, or the Lost Tribes – Evidence of their Identity, published in New York, by Asahel Grant, who was a medical missionary. This is a very interesting book, for many Nestorian Christians were Isralites and Jews (Judah & Benjamin). Nestorian Christianity was born in the Middle East, spread to the east, including in Barus, Tapanuli, North Sumatera. sixth century A.D, Nestorians came to Barus. He claims that everyone in the areas of Persia (Iran), Iraq, Armenia, and Kurdistan believes that the Nestorians are the descendants of the Lost Tribes and Jews and they indeed to behave in manners very close to the Tribes of Israel.


The BATAK NATION

We have to show that we were a big nation in the past as period of Sriwijaya naval kingdom or before and most tickling is because Batak people has many similarity with Jews. So a person from Batak people tried to claim to Yitzak Rabin , Israel Prime Minister, to be Israel descendant. As for me the most tickling is which one is the oldest, Israelities or Batak.

First we talked about Batak land. According to William Marsden (1754-1836), a traveller from England who returned to England on 1779 after travelling Sumatera, then wrote book with tittle: ' The History of Sumatera' which published 3 times in London: 1783, 1784 and 1811. His special attention tend to tradition, law, language, script, culture, nature sources, native people of Sumatera and problems that appeared during contact with foreign people, but he has had no complete evidence and same as the other European they were subjective... because he wrote only from a few sources, for we have many tribes, languages, traditions, and no impact of newcomers, mixed of interracial marriage that result new language, tradition.

Batak land bordered with Aceh to the North with Gunung Deira and Papa (now Dairi and Pak-pak), to the South bordered with Rao. West coast from Singkil till Tabuyung and Kunkun bordered with South of Air Bangis. From the West sea till East sea bordered with Melayu and Aceh. This area has many citizens, said Marsden, has a beautiful big lake (now lake Toba), fertile land and had more advanced technic of agrariculture than people in the South. According to Professor Midian Sirait, YP Taruna, Huta Tinggi, Balige, Batak land was Batak nation before Sriwijaya naval kingdom came to attack. Also my great grand parents always talked about bangso Batak (Batak Nation) and in an old song the singer say: "bangso Batak namartua namarsahala ' means ' Batak Nation the holy and has super natural power from God'. Batak Nation has had its own language, script, numbers, law, calendar (similar to Christian calendar), money called 'Sitio Suara', tools (artefak), ulos Batak (traditional textile), stemp, traded with people from many nations from afar like Pharaoh, Marcopolo, etc. The international seaport was Barus , Sibolga.

According to Dutch anthropologists and priest, profesor Van Berben and Profesor Ihromi, a lecturer from UI (Universitas Indonesia) said that Batak tradition is very similar to ancient Israel. Many experts from Batak land also said that the Bataks were just the offspring of Israelites after intermarriage with the local people, so Batak people physically look like Melayu people. In some place in the village on the hill where supposed to have no contact to other people the people still look taller, whiter, sharped nose... The similar Batak traditions with ancient Israel are:

1). Keep strong 'Tarombo dohot Marga' ( genealogy ) , same ' marga' ( family tree name ) can not marry each other . 'TAROMBO' is a system of calling relationship position for example if the same marga from father we can call her kakak/adek or namboru( if same position generation with father ) or call him as abang/adek or bapatua ( if his generation has same position with father ) , if same marga with mother we call her 'inanguda' or 'inangtua' if her generation position older than our mama , etc .

2). A person in a family marry pariban ( specific cousin ) like Isaac married his cousin Ribka in Genesis then Yacob married Rahel ) . Ribka was daughter of Isaac's uncle from mama and Rahel was daughter of Laban Yacob's uncle from mama ) . Pariban in Batak system of relationship position is if female pariban is cousin from the son of papa sister , if male pariban is cousin from the daughter of mama brother, so similar to ancient Israel . It is to keep pure genealogy. Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). ( Genesis 24:15 ) Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. When Jacob explained to Rachel that he was a relative of her fatherand the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob told Laban how he was related to him ( Genesis 29 : 11-13 )

                                                                 OMPUNG BATAK

3). Parbasuan ( a sink from a stone ) usually in front of a house to wash legs and hands before entering house..

4). Universe pattern. The Batak beliefs comprise the universe in 3 parts : 'banua ginjang ' ( heaven ) , 'banua tonga' (world) and ' banua toru ' ( the place of death ) same pattern with ancient Israel.

5). Credibility. In the past Batak people used bail or warranty : ' salapa or gajut ' ( bettle nut container ) , an ulos or a stick and some day later should be redeemed. Ancient Israel also used stick as bail or warranty ( Genesis 38 ).

6). Hierarchy in genealogy. In Batak tradition a widow should marry the husband's close relative. The same with ancient Israel in Holy Bible : Ruth 1 : 11 . If the death husband has no brother then from another member family of husband . In poet writen like this : : “Mardakka do salohot, marnata do na sumolhot. Marbona do sakkalan, marnampuna do ugasan' means a tree has branch , family will care ,a cutting board is from a tree , the job has the doer '.

7 ). Vulgarism When ancient Batak people were angry to the enemy , they took a leaf then tear it and curse like this : 'Sai diripashon Debata ma au songon on molo so hudege, hubasbas, huripashon ho annon !!!” which means ' let God punish me like this leaf if I don't tread on you ! ' same with Samuel 25 :22. Now , most Batak people, if angry with somebody who has harmed her/him say this ' jaloonmu do haduan dah natudos tupangalohomi' or bereng, jaloonmu dodah ' means ' you get your karma during your life '.

8). Noah's Ark and Ararat hill. Batak mythology said that our first ancestor came out from a bamboo wood on Pusuk Buhit mountain the tallest mountain around lake Toba, in fact ...there's no bamboo tree on that mountain. That bamboo wood means a boat brought by the flood landing on Pusuk Buhit mountain.

9). Mangongkal Holi ( Exhumation ) Batak people have a family grave yard called 'tambak' , after a few years buried under the ground then moved to family grave by a small ritual ceremony . The bones of Joseph, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried at Shechem in the part of the field that Jacob bought from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, for one hundred pieces of money. So it became the inheritance of the tribe of Joseph. ( Josua 24:32 ).

10). Lamentation and the lament. Mangandung in Batak people is a lament with singing a death poem or death song if you don't know to do this you can call the expert to accompanying you during the grief to lament and give them pocket money.

11). Hierarchy on body. Head is the highest value and foot is the lowest. When angry to an enemy they say this: 'Ditoru ni palak ni pathon do ho'= 'you are under my foot ' is a great form of insulting. To show pole foot toward somebody is prohibited.

12). Right side and right hand. Interaction with right hand if must use left hand then followed with pardon. Genesis 48 , Proverb 10:2, Psalm 16:8, Mat 25:33, 26:64 Mrk 14:62, Acts 7:55-56, 1Pet 3:22,

13). The oldest son. In family hierarchy, the oldest son is ahead to solve the problem, if he has no more father, the adult oldest son changes father position like this poem: ' Pitu batu martindi-tindi, alai sada do sitaon na dokdok ' ' 7 stones one after another but the suffering is one' means the oldest son take responsible for family. Exodus 4:22, 34:20, 13:12 and 15, Lev 27:26, Numb 3:13, 8:17, Psalm 89:28, Yer 31:9, Hos 9:20, Rom 8:23, Luk 2:27, 11:16, 1Chor 15:20 and 23, Col 1:15 and 18, Hebr 1:6, Yac 1:18, etc )

14). Female gender did not enter in genealogy because female belong to other family tree name. Only special person like Maria (Jesus mother and Ruth entered the genealogy in ancient Israel)

15). Batak benzoin . Old people said the standard price in bartering benzoin was 1 gram gold or 16kg rice . Batak land is well known with benzoin , champor , gold and spices , according the book of orientalist and world trader , they brought it from Barus , near the main seaport of Batak land , Sibolga . King Solomon in Melakim book of Jews said to get offers from His deputy Hiram king of Tirus 420 talent gold brought fom Ophir. Where Ophir land is supposed to be? Sumatera. Ancient name Sumatera is Swarna Dwipa which means Land of Gold, precisely in Barus, Sibolga ( Batak land ) , the main seaport . ( Tirus was the center of good's trading from far East).

Remember the story of the Magus (wise men) that came from the East to offer the gift to the Holy Infant? Who were they supposed to be? King Solomon commanded his people to buy spices and gold to Ophir where they had found the people believe in one God (monotheist) and the Iranian Nestorian Christians from Persia built the first church in Barus around the 5th century in Desa Pancuran, Barus.
What Ptolomeus wrote in his book Geographike Hyphegesis has information from traders of Tirus around the 14th-15th century that gold was brought from Ophir, far East: Sumatera, precisely Baru.

16). Giving name to the new born baby at the 8th day . ( Luke 1:59 , Luke 2:21 ). Our ancestors brougth the infant to 'pancur' (fountain where the people were bathing together) in order to baptize the new baby. This tradition was called Martutu Aek then they celebrated one called Pesta Martutu Aek.

Why not circumcision then? Maybe it assimilated with local traditions like the Bene Manashe tribe in India and Chiang Min tribe in China. They might be an Israelite clan who doesn't do circumcision or maybe after having seen the Holy Infant and heard the Good News they stopped to do it.

17). Monotheism Batak belief and Ugamo Malim. The ancient Batak belief now is called Ugamo Malim because they live holy. Malim comes from the word 'alim' which means holy & malim means to live holy. Ugamo means religion. The follower of Ugamo malim is called Parmalim. Ugamo Malim keep strong Batak religion , culture and tradition. All stuff according to Batak religion is called Habatahon in daily life.

How Ugamo Malim describe God? God according to Ugamo Malim: Parmalim ( the follower of Ugamo Malim ) called God as Ompung Mulajadi na Bolon (Awal Mula Yang Besar or the First and Almighty ) as well as Batak belief name God. Parmalim believe God is the one , has no form but exists, has no start and no end and absolute power to punish to forgive.

In ritual ceremony Parmalims do Patik Ni Ugamo Malim to know your sin and asking forgiveness from God. If we follow God rules we will have lasting life in heaven.

Ugamo Malim has 7 rituals : 1. Martutuaek (baptizing ) 2. Pasahat Tondi (to deliver spirit to God , die ) 3. Mararisabtu ( Sabbath service ) 4. Mardebata ( pray to God ) 5. Mangan Mapaet ( asking for forgiveness to God ) 6. Sipaha Sade ( like Christmas ) 7. Sipaha Lima (ritual like Pasca) on March and July , thanksgiving to God.

Raja Marnakkok Naipospos is Ulu Punguan ( spiritual leader ) Parmalim in Desa Hutatinggi Kecamatan Laguboti, Kabupaten Toba Samosir in kitab Parmalim "Tumbang Holing ' talking about the story of the first man. The same as Adam and Eve in heaven but in Batak version , but don't know which one is the oldest. The story from King Solomon deputy who came to Barus to buy spices , gold and benzoin or Ugamo Malim ( Batak ancient religion )?

Then why Batak ornaments/symbols are the same as the Samawi religion in the Middle East: stick , sword , white turban and monarcy stemp?

The Indonesian Jews

Although there is no trace of an ancient Jewish community in the Indonesian archipelago, it is possible that Jews arrived in Sumatra and Java as individuals – traders and mariners from the Indian subcontinent or Arabia – before the advent of European colonialism. Indonesia’s naval and commercial contacts with India began several centuries before the Common Era (CE) and Jews had inhabited the Indian subcontinent since the sixth century, many of them working as traders in ports like Cochin and Calicut.

The first time the presence of a Jew living in the Indonesian archipelago was confirmed in a written text was in the late Middle Ages. This person was a merchant from Fustat in Egypt, who died in the port of Barus, Northwest Sumatra in 1290. People of Jewish descent may have also arrived in the region with the Portuguese in the early sixteenth century. Jews had fled to Portugal after their expulsion from Spain in 1492, only to be expelled from Portugal four years later. In 1511, a Portuguese force under the command of Alfonso de Albuquerque took over the city port of Malacca and paved the way for Lusitanian expansion in Southeast Asia. Two years later, four Portuguese ships arrived in Jakarta for the first time. Jews did not take an overt part in this expansion after their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula. But Jewish converts to Christianity and some non-Iberian Jews were involved in many of the exploratory voyages of the period, including those led by Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Pedro Álvares Cabral.

While many of the Portuguese Jewish converts to Christianity lived in Goa, a local Inquisition forced them to move out of the Portuguese colony and to occasionally migrate to Southeast Asia. Even though they did not form any kind of significant community, it is highly possible that a number lived around the Straits of Malacca and the northern coasts of Sumatra and Java. But the prospect for a genuine community of converts in the Indies diminished substantially after 1565 when the Portuguese court prohibited Jews from sojourning in their settlements and instituted a more intense scrutiny of converts by the Inquisition.

A new empire

The Portuguese mercantile empire in this region did not last for very long and even their primary port, Malacca, fell in 1641. Their place was gradually taken by another mercantile empire, this time from North Europe. The Dutch began to show interest in the region in the final years of the sixteenth century and by 1619 had taken Jakarta from the Portuguese and renamed it Batavia. The spearhead of the Dutch expansion was the Dutch East India Company (VOC), established in 1602. Together with its sister company, the Dutch West Indian Company (WIC), the VOC formed a large maritime empire and a base for future Dutch colonialism.

Employing many non-Dutch and even non-Christians, both companies were the first global and multinational enterprises. But the eastern branch did not have a place for Jews. Moreover, the VOC prohibited Jews from travelling to its holdings, especially its new headquarters in Batavia, under the pretext that it could not provide for their religious requirements.

Notwithstanding this initial rejection, there are accounts of Jews who succeeded in concealing their identity in Dutch East Indies as early as the eighteenth century. Their identity was revealed, apparently, when they called upon the local priests and asked for conversion to Christianity. One such impostor was Leendert Miero (1755-1834), who was born in present-day Ukraine. Lendeert arrived at the Indies as a soldier in 1775 and became the wealthy owner of a large estate at Pondok Gede near Batavia. Miero was able to reveal his identity when the VOC agreed to include Jews in its ranks in 1782.

Still an enormous operation, the company was by then approaching the end of a long decline. The new Batavian Republic nationalized the company fourteen years later and, although its charter was renewed several times, it eventually expired in 1800. It was only after this time that the Dutch began to control larger and larger parts of the archipelago, attaining full control only at the beginning of the twentieth century. The first post-VOC account of Jewish presence in the Dutch East Indies appeared as late as the 1860s. It author was Jacob Saphir (1822-1886), who visited the archipelago for seven weeks on his way to Australia in 1861. A Jewish emissary and traveller of Romanian descent, Saphir reported the existence of Jews in Batavia, Surabaya and Semarang, but found no trace of Jewish communal life. He reported that there were at least twenty Jewish households in Batavia, all of whom were of European descent, mainly from the Netherlands and Germany. They comprised wealthy merchants, government officials and soldiers in the service of the colonial regime, who mostly married Dutch or local women. They had no synagogue and no cemetery, nor did they have a teacher, cantor, slaughterer or circumciser. In fact, many of them, Saphir reported, were ashamed of their Jewish origins.

Saphir did not notice any of the Baghdadi Jews who were beginning to arrive in Java at the time via Singapore, but he was correct about the absence of Jewish communal life in the Dutch East Indies. It was hardly a secret. The Jewish community in the Netherlands had been trying (unsuccessfully) to provide a rudimentary religious framework for Jews in the colony since the 1850s. Seventy years later, the situation was little different. When the Zionist fundraiser Israel Cohen arrived in Java for a five-day visit in 1921, he learned that several hundred Jews, ‘perhaps as many as 2000’, were living in Java alone. Yet, numbers mattered very little to him. Despite the presence of many Jews, he lamented, ‘There was no Jewish life in the communal sense, mixed marriages were frequent, and the only form of association consisted of a few struggling Zionist societies.’

The fact that no genuine community emerged in even late-nineteenth-century Indonesia is hardly surprising. In this period the European colonies were a convenient place for Jews wishing to assimilate. Far from the anti-Semitism of Europe, colonial authorities tended to regard Jews as ordinary Europeans while focusing their discriminatory policies on the indigenous population. In 1870, for example, some 100,000 Algerian Jews became French, doubling the French population of the colony. They were far less welcome in France at the time. In the Netherlands, the Jewish community faced no substantial persecution. But the conservative attitude of its members and the limited number of professions available to them drove quite a few to the colonies in search of a less inhibited lifestyle, far from the prying eyes of their community.

However, even among the Jewish communities in the Dutch colonies, the Jews in Indonesia were unique. In the West Dutch West Indies (modern day Suriname), there was a relatively cohesive community that preserved a fully Jewish lifestyle and tradition. The difference between the East and West Dutch Indies is intriguing, given that the two communities were quite similar in size. The main differences between them appear to stem from their demographic and social structure. The Jewish community in Suriname was about a third of the entire European population, while in the Dutch East Indies the Jews comprised a tiny part of the European community. Moreover, the Jews in Suriname lived in far greater density and relative proximity. Living more than 2500 kilometres apart, Jews in Padang and Manado, for instance, faced great difficulties in maintaining contact. Finally, until the late nineteenth century, at least, the Jews of Suriname were relatively affluent, a fact that enabled them to sustain communal life and hire professionals to carry out religious functions. For all these reasons and more, the Surinamese community stood a better chance of sustaining religious organizations and communal life and a lower risk of assimilation.

The last official census conducted by colonial authorities in the Dutch East Indies in 1930 reported the presence of 1095 Jews concentrated in the large urban centers, chiefly Batavia, Surabaya and Bandung. The comprehensiveness of the census is doubtful. As a Cohen had noted several years earlier, most Jews ‘concealed or denied their Jewish origins’. The real size of the Jewish population at the time was possibly double the official estimate, and probably exceeded 2500 in the late 1930s. Several features are evident if we regard this census as at least a representative sample of the Jews in the colony. Firstly, the majority of the Jews lived in Java (more than 85 per cent), some in Sumatra (11 per cent), and only a few in other parts of the archipelago (less than 4 per cent). Secondly, the sex ratio among the Jews was unique, for a remote colony in the tropics, as no less than 41 per cent were women.

An emerging community

The Jewish community was particularly active in the 1920s and established the Association for Jewish Interests in the Dutch East Indies and a number of other Jewish organisations. A monthly magazine called Erets Israel was issued in Padang from 1926 until its closure by the Japanese in 1942.

This rapid growth in community identity and the number of Jewish at this time is explained at least in part because of the rise of Zionism and growing anti-Semitism among the Dutch. Although there were sharp divisions in attitudes towards Zionism within the Jewish community, a number of Jews residing in Surabaya and Padang established the Dutch Indies Zionist Association in 1926. Two years later, the central fundraising organization for Zionist settlement in Israel established at the World Zionist Conference in London in 1920, began to operate in the colony. Based in Surabaya, the fund soon extended its activity throughout the archipelago, opening additional branches in virtually every major city inhabited by Jews, including Batavia, Bandung, Malang, Medan, Padang, Semarang and Yogyakarta.

Indonesia’s Jewish community was certainly not pious. Many of the Baghdadi Jews maintained a religious life but few could be considered fully orthodox. Some Dutch Jews kept Jewish traditions but most tended to assimilate. More than a few hid any overt sign of their Jewishness and some men married Christian Europeans or native women. Economically speaking, many members of the community enjoyed a relatively high standard of living. In the pre-war years many of them resided in large houses full of fine furniture. Some owned cars and they usually employed native maids, cooks and chauffeurs. In their memoirs they recall a tropical paradise. In reality, however, it was unexceptional in a Southeast Asian colony, where exploitation and inequality were the name of the game. In 1929, the annual per capita income for a native Indonesian was 78 guilders. For Europeans (including Eurasians) it was no less than 4017 guilders.

Despite internal differences, then, the Jewish community in the Dutch East Indies was well served by the ruling power's economic structures and in support of its colonial policies. Some occasional ‘anti-Semitic pinpricks’ notwithstanding, members of the community were integrated in the social life of the colonial elite. Evidently a few Jewish men did marry local women, but for most of the community contacts with the locals occurred primarily in their role of employer to maids, cooks and drivers. This was an assimilated community that only began to maintain a certain communal, and even religious, structure in the early twentieth century.

The coming of the war

On the eve of World War II the majority of Indonesian Jews were Dutch citizens, many of them employed by the colonial administration as clerks, soldiers, teachers and medical doctors. There were also relatively large numbers of merchants. A second group was of so-called Baghdadi origin, which meant they were from Iraq, Aden and other parts of the Middle East. The Baghdadi Jews lived primarily in Surabaya. There the community consisted of several hundreds of people, and engaged in trade, as owners of import and export businesses (including drug trafficking in some cases), shopkeepers, peddlers and artisans. The third group was refugees from Nazi persecution, largely from Germany, Austria and Eastern Europe. They had arrived a few years earlier, usually as a result of family ties or certificates provided by benevolent Dutch consuls. There are divergent views concerning the level of contact between these three groups.

What is clear, though, is that the number of Jews in the colony was still growing shortly before and even after the outbreak of World War II in Europe, as hundreds of refugees from the Netherlands, Germany and Eastern Europe fled to the Indies. This sudden demographic increase notwithstanding, the Jewish community remained negligible in both in size and political importance. On the eve of the Pacific War (1941-45), there would have been nearly three thousand Jews in Indonesia. However, its membership only constituted about two per cent of the Jewish community of the Netherlands (about 160,000 in 1939), and their relative share of the colony's population was even smaller. They accounted for a little less than one per cent of the approximately 360,000 Europeans and Eurasians in the Indies, who, in turn, accounted for about half a per cent of the entire population, about 68 million at the time.

Despite refugees’ knowledge of the threat to Jews in Europe, nothing could prepare them for their first encounter with soldiers and officials of the Japanese Empire – a nation of little significance to the Indies before 1942 – let alone for the hardships they would face in the following three years. As we now know, this lack of preparedness was to have a crucial impact on the capacity of the community to endure its ordeal and eventually to survive.

Jews of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

As a young child growing up in Australia I heard of an Israeli who had a hotel in Port Moresby, New Guinea. Prior to that I had never heard of any Jewish presence there. That’s not surprising because the history of Jews in Papua, New Guinea and Indonesia has been relatively unrecognized until recently. Their existence has come to light as a result of local people in those islands who wish to return to their Jewish roots.

Indonesia is a Muslim country. An Indonesian political activist named Gus Dur accepted an invitation to visit Israel in October 1994. But things didn’t begin to change until he, then named Abdurrahman Wahid, became Indonesia’s fourth president (from 1999-2001). It was during his administration that descendants of Jews began to come out of hiding.


Despite the country’s Muslim designation, in 2012 the National News Channel acknowledged that approximately 150 Jewish descendants from all over Indonesia assembled together to celebrate Sukkot there.

Elisheva Wiriaatmadja, an Indonesian who is pursuing an Orthodox Jewish conversion, was invited to speak in a messianic church in Papua. Church members had heard about a group of people from Indonesia who were involved in the process of converting to Judaism and were eager to learn the details of their journey.

Once there, Elisheva discovered people who are obviously direct descendants of Jews. In the 1400s and 1500s when Jews were expelled from Spain and Portugal, many of them traveled to Peru. When the Inquisition followed them, many fled to Japan and others continued on to Papua, where a large number eventually intermarried with locals.

Incredibly, one Papua tribe sings a lullaby with this line: “We were once twelve brothers but ten have disappeared.” Although unaware of the significance, many families have surnames like Sukkot, Torah and Menorah. As children they were taught never to step foot in any church as “it is an evil place.”

Recently the hierarchy and attendees of the messianic churches in two Papuan cities gathered together to decide if they should remain Messianic or pursue a return to the religion of their ancestors. After Elisheva contacted Rabbi Tovia Singer, he flew down to meet with and help them. Amazingly, 168 Papuans, including their leaders, left the churches and embraced Judaism.

(Abigail Wiriaatmadja) and Elisheva Wiriaatmadja at the Western Wall, only a few days after their our conservative conversion.

My first encounter with Jews of Indonesia took place in Australia in 1979. A 54-year-old man arrived at the Yeshiva Gedolah in Melbourne where I was learning. His father had fled Nazi Germany and moved to Indonesia where this man was brought up. He came to the yeshiva to find someone to help him have a bris.

For several years I have been asked by peers and/or friends to monitor a variety of different groups and lend my knowledge and expertise to answer questions about Judaism. In early 2013, I noticed people in Indonesia who were interested in Judaism. In June of that year I was in touch with Elisheva Wiriaatmadja, responding to some questions she had and sharing in-depth insights about the Torah.

Elisheva has worked diligently to translate Torah into the local language. She also runs a radio program to teach people Torah. By answering many of her questions I became part of the journey she and others around her pursued. She is a descendant of Dutch Jews who worked for the Dutch East India Company. She and her sister only returned to their Jewish roots within the last few years.

Their journey has not been easy. In an initial attempt to pursue conversion, the community, led by Benjamin Meier Verbrugge, contacted Orthodox rabbanim who rejected them. At the end of 2013 I discovered that, with no Orthodox leadership to guide them, their burning desire to convert led 75 members of the community to have a non-halachic conversion. This is a major issue taking place around the world. The vacuum created by the Orthodox world not dealing with the multitudes that wish to return pushes many to yield to the promises of non-halachic sources who take money for unacceptable conversions.

Baruch Hashem, I helped Elisheva understand that this “conversion” was not “kosher.” Yet, despite the fact that the conversion was not halachically acceptable, it caused a ripple effect throughout the Christian and Muslim communities in that part of the world. That is how the messianic churches in Papua heard about it.

We spent quite some time trying to figure out how the descendants of Jews could go through a halachic conversion. At my suggestion, in March of 2014, Elisheva contacted Rabbi Gutnick at the Beit Din in Sydney, Australia to arrange the conversion. He replied a few hours later that he (miraculously) intended to be in Jakarta within that week to do some kosher supervision. A first meeting was arranged. Since then he has continued to meet with them and is guiding a small group towards a halachic conversion with Rabbi Tuvia Singer as their teacher. The community is spread out and has limited income. They are currently trying to raise funds so they can pay for teachers to come and help them.

From when the first Jews arrived as part of the Dutch East India Company (established in 1602) and their official presence as of 1872, there has been a steady presence of Jews in this remote region of the world. Besides the Dutch, Jews also came from Iraq and Aden. There was a synagogue in Surabaya, which was torn down in 2013. There are accounts from travelers, including those of Rav Yaakov Halevy Sapir in the 1800’s and Israel Cohen’s Java Zionist newspaper in the early 1900’s, as well as stories of Jewish refugees who arrived in the 1930’s and 1940’s, that support the idea that, intermarried or not, there were many Jews who settled in Indonesia.

Although many hid or denied their heritage, they did in fact settle in this region. The history of the Jews shows that they traveled and migrated along the infamous Silk Road. Their history is rich in many places that one does not think of when considering the presence of Jewish communities in the world. In 1928, the central fundraising organization for Zionist settlement in Israel operated in Jakarta, Bandung, Malang, Medan, Padang, Semarang and Yogyakarta. Most of those who were officially Jews left after WWII. Yet others stayed on.

Although descendants of the Dutch East India Company and those who arrived due to the Inquisition have the oldest known Jewish history in this area, there were Jews there beforehand.

There is a rich Jewish history in this part of the world. Now the hidden customs are being revealed, as many seek to reconnect with their roots. For some, the links are less than one hundred years old. For others, thousands. However their common link is their burning need to reestablish their ties with their Creator and their people.


While Judaism is not one of the six official religions in Indonesia, recently a way has been found to circumvent they system. The Minister of Religious Affairs will inaugurate a Jewish center –Torat Chaim – with a shul, school and kosher stores, under the protection and guarantee of the Christian community. This will hopefully pave the way to have Judaism accepted in the future.

Bataknese Israelites

There is a tribe in Sumatera, Indonesia, namely the Batak Toba People, they have a religion that is similar to the Ancient Israelite Religion. Their Religion is PARMALIM or Ugamo Malim. This religion means Holy Faith.

They believe in one God, Mulajadi Nabolon, the First of the Migthy or the God Almighty. They always worship on Saturday (Samisara), and they will not do any activities because it’s forbbiden.

They sacrifice animals for redemption and Blessings. They have a priesthood with Altar. They do the sacrifice outside of the House of Worship. They sacrifice goat, and cows. On the seven day, after a boy-child is born, the child will be brought to the priest to get bathed with water and be named.

They also married with their relatives. If the elder died, the wife of the elder should marry with the brother of the elder, and so on.

Many Ancient  Israelite Customs  are Customs in Batak Toba  too. In Batak Toba Land, there are much incenses, they are the best incenses for ritual in the holy temple. Barus is the Great Harbor in Tapanuli, Northen Sumatera. In the past, may people from the Middle Eastern area, including the Nestorian Christians came to Barus.

Barus (Persian: باروس‎‎, also Romanized as Bārūs) is also a village in Rahgan Rural District, Khafr District, Jahrom County, Fars Province, Iran. Persia took captive Israelites, so perhaps a group of them living in Barus, Persia, founded the Sumatran Barus.

The Batak Toba People with their religion Parmalim have rules, namely, they will not eat pork (pig), Dog, Blood, and other animals, because they're not holy. They believe those things are forbidden before God. They have clothes with fringes in their customes.

Today the Parmalim followers are just over 1500 till 7000. In the religion they call God as Father of Batak Toba Tribe. Many Batak Toba People are Christians & many Batak Christian hated their Forefather’s religion because they believe in Jesus more than in their legacy.

Nowadays many Batak Toba People became the best lawyers, sppoldiers, cops, teachers, lecturers, officials in rhe Government etc…

In 1841 a book appeared, The Nestorians, or the Lost Tribes –Evidence of their Identity, published in New York, by Asahel Grant, who was a medical missionary. This is a very interesting book, for many Nestorian Christians were Isralites and Jews (Judah & Benjamin). Nestorian Christianity was born in the Middle East, spread to the east, including in Barus, Tapanuli, North Sumatera. Sixth century A.D, Nestorians came to Barus.


He claims that the Nestorians in the areas of Persia (Iran), Iraq, Armenia, and Kurdistan are the descendants of the Lost Tribes and Jews and they indeed behave in manners very close to the Tribes of Israel.


GUHU-SAMANE OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA

The Guhu - Samane claim to have Israelite ancestors.



Population: 14,000 Global Population: 14,000




Overview: The Guhu-Samane of Papua New Guinea, numbering 14,000, are No Longer Unreached. They are part of the New Guinea people cluster within the Pacific Islanders affinity bloc. This people group is only found in Papua New Guinea. Their primary language is Guhu-Samane. The primary religion practiced by the Guhu-Samane is Protestant Christianity.


THE INCOMPARABLE PAPUA NEW GUINEA

February, I visited the lush tropical nation of Papua New Guinea together with ICEJ-Finland national director Kari Niemi. As first-time visitors, we were somewhat aware of the positive attitudes of the local believers towards Israel, but were still taken by surprise at how strong the support for Israel actually is in this ‘isle afar off’!

We experienced an amazing and wonderfully warm welcome – simply because we came from Jerusalem and carried the Word of God! The roads were lined with people on both sides, dressed in blue and white (Israeli colors), smiling and throwing flowers and leaves into the air. Thousands of people gathered together to hear the message concerning Israel and to get connected with the people of God. During our visit I also met with many spiritual leaders, was interviewed on the state radio and on the nationwide Christian radio. So the whole nation was touched!

The ICEJ national director for Papua New Guinea is Pastor Bezalel Tegi, who had worked hard and did a very thorough job in connecting us with the entire nation. As a result, we had the privilege of hosting at our meetings not only key spiritual leaders for the nation but also the Speaker of Parliament, the Hon. Theodore Zurenuoc, together with Member of Parliament Jeffery Komal.

Travelling with us all the way through our tour was the deputy chairman of the nationwide Body of Christ, Dr. Michael Wilson, who represents all the believers across the different denominations in Papua New Guinea.

Also accompanying us were Victor and Elsie Schlatter from Australia, who first arrived in the country already back in 1960 to translate the Bible into the local languages and even lived there for some 30 years. As a result of their more than 50 years of ministering off-and-on in Papua New Guinea, not only were they able to plant 120 churches but they taught many local Christians about the special role of Israel in God’s redemptive purposes as well. Thus, the Schlatter’s ministry is one of the major factors why believers in Papua New Guinea today are so open and receptive to really blessing and staying connected with Israel.

Tent meetings in Mt. Hagen

We started out ministering in Mt. Hagen, a city with a population of 300,000 in the Western Highlands, where the local Engakas tribe under the leadership of Simon Mell had organized city-wide meetings. They rented the largest tent in the country to hold the meetings and their faith was rewarded, as the tent was packed!

The Engaka tribe consists of not more than 2,000 people, many of them believers. However, the very striking thing is that this small tribe has been awakened and stirred up concerning Israel for several years now, and have been sending financial gifts to the Christian Embassy in Jerusalem consistently over the past ten years! Once a year, the whole tribe gets together for a special “Thanksgiving day for Israel” when the possibility is given for members of their tribe to bring a special gift for Israel. And they do give – not only the believers, but the whole tribe is keen to bless the Jewish people! This is truly amazing to witness in person!

Reaching the masses in Nipa

After traveling hours on rough and bumpy roads, we finally got from Mt. Hagen to Nipa in the Southern Highlands – and we will never forget the celebrations there!

I spoke to 300 pastors and leaders on the first night, and the following morning was the great day for an outdoor meeting on the premises of an old airstrip in Nipa. We could see the colourful sight of thousands of believers gathered together, with national and Israeli flags flying. We had the privilege to walk alongside with the Speaker of Parliament, the Hon. Theodore Zurenuoc, to the official reception ceremonies. He is a strong believer and follower of Jesus, and shared a powerful message at this open air meeting from the word of God and concerning current national issues in his country. MP Jeffery Komal also shared, Kari Niemi brought greetings and I preached as well.

                                                               Moving on to Port Moresby

Our last stop was the largest city of Papua New Guinea, the capital of Port Moresby located on the Gulf of Papua. Again after the warm welcome ceremonies, we had powerful meetings over the weekend with several hundreds of people attending from a number of different churches.

PNG’s unique relations with Israel

During his third term as prime minister in 2007, Sir Michael Somare, the first leader of an independent Papua New Guinea, publicly declared the abandonment of the nation’s ancestral idols on behalf of all the people. On television, radio and newspapers, he openly acknowledged that from now on the God of the Bible would be the God of Papua New Guinea!

In 2013, current Prime Minister Peter O’Neill visited Israel and re-affirmed this covenant! He has also publicly shared his wish to open an Embassy in Israel – but in Jerusalem and not in Tel Aviv!

That same year, Speaker Zurenuoc had the idol carvings removed from the national Parliament Building and today they are in a process of replacing the existing totem pole with a “national identity and unity pillar”. He will also put a 400 year-old Bible in front of the parliament’s podium!

But what is perhaps most exciting is to see and hear of the great expectations in the local churches regarding their future as a nation. They have faith that the times of restoration, transformation, healing, blessings and freedom have arrived. Why? Because Papua New Guinea will celebrate their 40th Independence Day on 16 September 2015, and the Christian leaders believe they will now experience as a nation something similar to what the Israelites experienced under Joshua when they entered into their Promised Land after 40 years of wanderings in the desert.

I do believe together with them! A great opportunity has arrived and the nation truly is now on a verge of powerful change for better! They have faith in the principles of the Word of God, a great willingness to connect with the chosen people of God in modern-day Israel, and they possess a readiness to receive the Word coming from Jerusalem! The church leaders also want to take an active part in the process of developing their nation.

All this positions them to receive from God! Large deposits of oil, natural gas, precious minerals and other natural resources have been discovered in Papua New Guinea, and the economic growth rate over recent years also has been very promising.

More promising signs

At the moment, more than 20% of the approximately eight million citizens of Papua New Guinea are born-again believers. But this does not give the full picture of the spiritual landscape of the nation. About 80% call themselves Christians and in this country it means you have turned away from idols to the living God – the God of the Bible! So as a people, they have now gone from paganism to being a God-fearing nation in just a few short generations. This is a huge difference in thinking compared to the nominal Christians of Europe, for example, whose concept of God has become somewhat blurry and where there is no longer any real difference between the nominal Christians and the non-Christians.

While in Papua New Guinea, I truly could see and believe – for the first time in my life – that it is truly possible for a whole nation to turn to God! It has not yet happened in full in Papua New Guinea, but I saw that it could happen in this ‘isle afar off’!

Yes, a nation as a whole can turn to God! May it happen in this unique and flourishing island nation of Papua New Guinea!

Malayan Israelites

Royal blood is supposed by many Malays to be white, and this is the pivot on which the plot of not a few Malay folk-tales is made to turn. This points at the Malay's ancestor's, or their former leadership, being white Israelites. Obiously eventually they mixed up with locals & we have the modern Malays as a result.

Persons who visit a shrine in times of distress or difficulty, to pray and to vow offerings, in case their prayers are granted, usually leave behind them as tokens of their vows small pieces of white cloth, which are tied to the branches of a tree or to sticks planted in the ground near the sacred spot.

Although officially the religious center of the village community is the mosque, there is usually in every small district a holy place known as the kramat, at which vows are paid on special occasions, and which is invested with a very high degree of reverence and sanctity. Holy places are places of pilgrimage as in olden Israel. These kramats abound in Malacca territory; there is hardly a village but can boast some two or three in its immediate neighbourhood, and they are perfectly well known to all the inhabitants. Many of them are in the jungle, on hills and in groves, like the high places of the Old Testament idolatries.

One of these shrines is situated on the extreme point of land at the mouth of the river Selangor, close  to where the new lighthouse has been erected. A magnificent kind of fig-tree forms a prominent feature of the point (or cape), and at the base of this tree, enveloped entirely by its roots, is an oblong-shaped space having the appearance of a Malay grave, with the headstones complete. .... To this sacred spot constant pilgrimages are made by the Malays, and the lower branches of the tree rarely lack those pieces of white and yellow cloth which are always hung up as an indication that some devout person has paid his vows. The Chinese also have great respect for this kramat, and have erected a sort of sylvan temple at the foot of the tree.

Sometimes the parents make a vow at a child's birth that they will give a feast at the tonsure of its hair, just before its marriage, provided the child grows up in safety. Occasionally the ceremony of shaving the child's head takes place on the 44th day after birth, the ceremony. Perhaps this taken in an altered form from Deuteronomy 21:12. 

Usually a spirit who held the place of Allah before the advent of Muhammadanism, a spirit so powerful that he could restore the dead to life; and to him all prayers were addressed.

A woman has to have purification for forty days after the birth of her child, while the father of the child is forbidden to cut his hair, and a similar abstention is said to have been formerly incumbent upon all persons either prosecuting a journey or engaging in war.

The Malays believe in purification by fire & purification by water. There's a purification of mother and child by a ceremony which consists of bathing both in warm water just not hot enough to scald the skin. Purificatory ceremonies form an integral part of Malay customs at birth, adolescence, marriage, sickness, death, and in fact at every critical period of the life of a Malay. There's a  ceremony associated with a common purificatory rite. In it lights are kept burning in the house for several days.

The fast always took place, of course, in a solitary spot, and not unfrequently upon the top of some high and solitary hill such as Mount Ophir (Gunong Ledang), on the borders of Malacca territory. Frequently, however, much lower hills, or even plains which possessed some remarkable rock or tree, would be selected for the purpose.

Such fasting, however, did not, as sometimes with us, convey to the Malays the idea of complete abstinence, as the magicians informed me that a small modicum of rice contained in a ketupat was the daily " allowance " of any one who was fasting. The result was that fasts might be almost  indefinitely prolonged, and the thrice-seven-days' fast of 'Che Utus upon Jugra Hill, on the Selangor coast, is still one of the traditions of that neighborhood, whilst in Malay romances and in Malay tradition this form of religious penance is frequently represented as continuing for years. 

They believe in dreams as a type of revelation like in Joel 2:28 ► "And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions.

King Solomon's Fleet Probably Reached Indonesia

There can be no question that the peacocks (brought by the Israelites to king Solomon) came from South-East Asia.

Johnston argues persuasively that the route of the expeditions can be traced beyond the peacock lands, through Indonesia, the Torres Strait (at the north of Australia), and via Samoa and Tahiti to Mexico and Peru. It appears that they founded colonies along the route.

If we continue the line to Java and Sumatra, we will have reached the native home of the peacock, which was collected on the return journey of Solomon’s and Hiram’s expeditions.

Penetrating beyond Indonesia, we shall discover some facts of a rather startling nature.

The "ships of Tarshish" encountered unknown perils as they ventured into new regions. One particularly dangerous passage was along the north-western coast of Australia.


If we continue the line to Java and Sumatra, we will have reached the native home of the peacock, which was collected on the return journey of Solomon’s and Hiram’s expedition.

In Manado, the majority 80 per cent Christian population embraces Judaism

In Manado, the majority 80 per cent Christian population embraces Judaism, even incorporating Jewish liturgy into some worship. It also maintains interaction with the Muslims in their midst.

Based on the monotheistic concept, evangelical and charismatic Christians, tagged born-again Jews, promote common ties with Judaism. Several thousand Dutch and some Iraqi Jews, during the colonial era of the Dutch East Indies in the 19th century, were drawn mainly to the spice trade and missionary work. Others fled Nazi persecution in Europe.

Manado officials make it clear Jews are welcome. In a show of goodwill, the local government paid for a makeover of the 10-year-old Shaar Hashamayim Synagogue, an hour from the centre in north Minahasa. They also forked out $150,000 five years ago for the 19m-tall menorah built on a mountain-top facing Manado.

In Manado, support appears more emblematic of religious freedom and is often seen as a counter to extremism. Officials such as Wenny Warouw, former head of Bin (state intelligence agency) in north Sulawesi, trumpet their endorsement.

Warouw, hoping for a seat in the local house of representatives next year, encircled his house with a fence interwoven with giant Stars of David. Asked why, he is bemused: "They are symbols of prosperity." More practically, he adds: "Minahasa people like Jewish people; they think they are a foil against terrorists. Muslim people here are very peaceful and anti-extremist."

Rotem Kowner, professor in the Department of Asian Studies at Israel's University of Haifa, specialises in the history of the Jewish community in Indonesia. "I tend to regard the recent rise of interest in Judaism and Israel in Manado as a certain anti-Muslim and perhaps anti-government sentiment, as well as a personal quest for their roots," he says.

Of the Christian stronghold and Jewish sanctuary, Warouw says: "People are only friendly to Jews in Manado."

Similitudes, Culture, Costums & Habits in Indonesia with the Nation of Israel

1. Use of the fringed tissue (shawl). 2. Levirate marriage. 3. Calling outsiders of their people gentiles. 4. Exhumation (Gathering their ancestor's as it was done with hebrews. By the way this costum is also done in  Madagascar, another of the places there are lost tribes of Israel.) 5. Their native traditions, as it happens to the Pashtuns, are regarded in higher importance than their current religions no matter if they're Christians or Muslims. 8. Calling Father/Mother or Ancestor, God the Creator.

12 Tribes of Israel in Indonesia

In Ambon Here there is a study of a pastor and author of "Children of Israel lost key-Indonesia" and according to the results of the study were identified Maluku have 3 Tribes of Israel were lost (only the remnants of) the tribe of Gad and Reuben and Levi.

In the book "The Israel Golden Gate Sector in Indonesia" by Rabbi Resley Disclosure of the existence of Israel in the Moluccas was started from the study authors about the origin of the author's own ancestors, ie the initial (first) S'rua island which is the third island of the archipelago Teon, Nila, S'rua (TNS). But it turns out this research extends to the whole culture of Maluku.

According Resley, when during the Moluccan Christians call themselves by the name Israel without fear, using the symbols of Israel, and tend to behave like the children of Israel, and Israel defended desperately; thing they will not just fanaticism of their faith alone, but also arise due to encouragement from their hearts. This is because pretty much based on his research found similarities between the languages, customs (culture), as well as relics of the Moluccas which have similarities to the Jewish race. The ancestors of the Moluccas were Israelites.

Another opportunity the people of Israel arrived in the Moluccas are the merchants of Israel came alone to the Moluccas after knowing the way to the Moluccas from the Chinese traders.


Are the Chinkukis the Origin of Insulindian Israelites?

The oral history of Bnei Menashe that was passed down for 2,700 years describes their escape from slavery in Assyria to Media/Persia. From there they moved on to Afghanistan, mostly through less-traveled areas, ever on the lookout for kings or powerful people who might drag them back to slavery. From Afghanistan they traveled toward Hindu-Kush and proceeded to Tibet, then to Kaifeng, reaching the Chinese city around 240 B.C.E. The Bnei Menashe believe that while in China their ancestors were enslaved yet again.

During their years there, large numbers of the Israelites were killed and their assimilation started. These events caused the Israelites to flee and live in caves. The group was expelled in 100 C.E. and their "leather scrolls" were confiscated and burned. At that point different groups went in various directions. Some went down the Mekong River into Vietnam, the Philippines, Siam, Thailand and Malaysia, while some of the Israelites moved to Burma and west to India. Till today, some people refer to these people as "Shinlung" the "cave dwellers."

Maritime Southeast Asia

Maritime Southeast Asia refers to the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines, Singapore and Indonesia. Maritime Southeast Asia is sometimes also referred to as "Island Southeast Asia" or "Insular Southeast Asia". The nineteenth-century term "Malay Archipelago" refers to a largely similar area. This region differs from Indochina in that its populations predominantly belong to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) group, and exhibit various maritime based, tribal and largely non-sinisized cultures.

The cultural identity of the region is seen as both part of "Farther India" or Greater India, as seen in Coedes' Indianized States of Southeast Asia, which refers to it as "Island Southeast Asia"; and within Austronesia or Oceania, due to shared ethnolinguistic and historical origins of the latter groups (Micronesian and Polynesian groups) being from this region.

Over 350 million people live in the region, with the most populated island being Java. The people living there are predominantly from Austronesian subgroupings and correspondingly speak western Malayo-Polynesian languages. This region of Southeast Asia shares social and cultural ties with the peoples of Mainland Southeast Asia and with other Austronesian peoples in the Pacific. The main religions in this region are Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism and traditional Animism.

The People of Timor

Timor island is divided into 2 areas, the west part is Indonesian territory with total area around 13.753 square kilo meters, and east part is the Timor L'ester which has just freed themselves from Indonesia in 1999 after hundreds of years under Portugal colonization and become part of Indonesia in 1976. In general the condition of Timor island is consist of wide savannah and steppas, with great difference of temperature between rainy and dry season. Many mountains and hill from where various rivers runs through savannah and steppas. Indonesia Timor itself consists of various ethnics indicates also by their different dialects as described in short below.

    Roti and Belu People; Roti people is the resident of Roti island, while Belu inhabit the land of Timor. They have similarity in physical and cultural elements. Their physical characteristics showing the mixture between Malay and Melanesian, only the Rotinese showing preponderant Malay characteristic, while Belu showing more Melanesian characteristic such as curling hairs, dark brown to black skin color, shorter body size. The language the spoke have much in common, although they are not understand each other.

    Helon People; they live around the city of Kupang and have their own language, physical characteristics showing much closer to Melanesian.

    Atoni People; live neighboring to Helon people, and in Kupang they are called "Mountain People" or aborigines, since their Melanesian characteristics is strong, such as short body size, dark brown skin color, curling hairs, and brachepal head. The name Atoni was coming from themselves which means " human ". They also have their own language which is not understood by other ethnics.

    Kemak People and Marae People; There are 2 groups have some similarities in their language and physical characteristics. Their physical characteristics are dark brown to black skin color, dolichepal head and curling hairs, body size is higher than average Timorese. Marae people speak their own language called " Huna ". 

    Kupang People; In Kupang city live a mixed people between local, Chinese, Arabian, and other parts of Indonesia. So there is a great variation in physical characteristics but showing no group affinity. Their communication is Indonesian language with strongly Timorese intonation.

There is no record for Timor and its culture before 17th century until the area was colonized by Dutch V.O.C. A report about Timor was written by Jl. Kruseman in 1756, and the colonial Verslag 1860. From the writing is known that the number of population was small around 70,000 and the town of Kupang had only 3.000 at that time. It is said also about the epidemic such as frambusia and leprosy which killed so many people before vaccines was introduced to the people in 18th century by government of V.O.C. Progressive population growth is recorded between 1930 through 1952 which shows 345.668 (1930), 440.957 (1949), 522.500 (1952). There were found 4 kingdoms when Dutch colonist arrived on the island such as kingdom of Central North Timor, the kingdom of Central South Timor, the kingdom of Kupang, and Belu kingdom. Belu has the biggest number of population, although it is recorded that many people of Timor by the Dutch with the Chinese traders transport the people to Batavia ( now Jakarta ) for slaves with transit in Bali.

Two kingdoms, Kupang and Belu showing tremendous population growth after Dutch colonization. Before Dutch colonization on the island the situation of settlements were said spreaded over with long distance between one to other units of settlements. Most of the unit consist of 50 to 60 persons of the same family, and built on a difficult location to reach. Their choice to build such a settlement was to give difficulty to attacker, as it was often between different groups were attaching each other. Only on southern Belu the defend was built on number of people, so it was found villages with population more then 300 persons. By Dutch government those spreaded settlements were forced to relocate and united in a complex of villages along the main road, which facilitate the V.O.C military control to the people and give them new way of life.

The original house of Timor is like nest of bee, roof almost touching land, its room is divided into 2, outer room or Sulak, where guests are received, inner room called nanan a place to sleep, cook, work, and sleep for married daughters. Here is also traditional ritual concluded according to their original tradition. Today most of them have followed Christianity. By government the shape of their house was changed into quadrangular constructed parallel with main road to facilitate better air circulation and healthy.

The people live on farming product such as corn, cassava, rice, yam, taro, orange, coffee, bean, onion and tobacco. Yet their technique of cultivating land until lately still not permanent, by cutting forest, burn and cultivate once then leave to open new forest. With the introduction of cows by Dutch in 1912, a large parts of the people growing cows and up today Timor is known as the biggest supplier of cows, beside traditional farming is still continued. Before he coming of Dutch they had known growing buffalos and pigs, but was no economic value, only for need of ritual, and social status. With the growth of cows in Timor the image of the island increase parallel with the fame of sandal woods production which is very expensive wood. Together with the island of Sumbawa, Sumba, and flores are known as sandal wood islands.

The Timorese whatever their group is can be said in general that their kinship is based on patrilineal relation, beside matrilineal relation can be found also at the area of Wehali, Suai and south Belu. This family relation forms certain clan that preserve clan heritages. This heritages are considered sacred and connected to the origin of their clan. For example Atoni people name the heritage " nono " The member of the clan regularly conduct a ritual in honor of the heritage. A Boy will be member of this father's clan if doory has been fully paid to the family of his mother. A child who enter his/her mother's clan is called "Feto" and his/her brothers/sisters are called "Mone" Feto is considered having lower status. Among the Atoni and people at Amarasi still consider woman has lower status. In the past there were like a social layer consist of 3 strata the Usif or noble, the Tob or common people, Ate or the slave. During the era of kingdoms this social layer guided various aspects of life, especially the tradition of marriage. A king can only marry woman from their same clan, but some women from Usif can marry man from Tob whose family has an influence on the society such as head of villages, and Chinese merchants. Beside the layer based on genetic also exist based on place, such as the group of Kwantif is the member that first to build the village, who have big power in their village, the group of Atoin Asaot are those people come later and Atoin anaot are those wanderers. The ideal couple for marriage is between a man with the daughter of his mother's brother, not with daughter of mother's sister. Marriage tradition in Timor still involving costly doory both from family of man and woman.

Traditional organization of people in Timor was divided into some kingdoms such as the kingdom of Kupang, belu, north central Timor, and south central Timor. Each kingdom was divided into some smaller units called " Kafettoran" probably derived from clan system of "Feto" as mentioned above, under Kafettoran there are units of Desa headed by Kepala Desa. After independence the kingdom become Kapupaten and Kafeetoran become Kecamatan. Under Kecamatan is Desa. Still the power between Desas of new Desa system constructed after independence and traditional Desa based on Kwantif, sometime still having difficult coordination.

The original belief of Timor is homage to the god controlling the sky called Uis Neno, and Goddess of the Earth called Uis Afu. Beside that they also belive on the existence of invisible spirits and ancestors spirit. Invisible spirits control rivers, forests, water sources and others which is a true concept of modern world in the effort of preserving the nature. Rituals are conducted at their homes. Although Timorese majority Christian, their old tradition is still being practiced.

Filipinos Are Among the Lost Tribes of Israel

MARINDUQUE was the Land of OPHIR and the rest of TAGALOG NationBOHOL was the Land of Tarshis and the rest of BISAYA Nation

A tribute to the Filipino people for the Whole World, for the Glory of Almighty GOD "Knowledge of GOD will fill the World" = INTERNET<< Isaiah 11:9 >> “Nothing will hurt or destroy in all my holy mountain, for as the waters fill the sea, so the earth will be filledwith people who know the LORD”

Filipino heroes know about our true identity, when Dr. Jose Rizal said, “"He who does not love his own language is worse than an animal and smelly fish." Rizal knows that our language is special because it is the language of Adam and Abraham. Our Katipunan (Kati is a name of different Israelite groups) heroes also know that these islands are the Promised Land (“LUPANG HINIRANG”) that GOD given to usbecause the Filipinos are 1 of out of the 10 Lost Tribes of ISRAEL.

THE FILIPINOS' LOST IDENTITY

CHRISTIANS, JEWS, MUSLIMS, BUDDHIST, HINDUS AND OTHERS WHITE, BLACK, YELLOW, BROWN AND OTHERSALL MAN'S BLOOD IS RED.

WE ARE ALL CHILDREN OF GOD "YHWH"KINGDOM OF "LORD JESUS CHRIST" FOR THE GLORY OF "ALMIGHTY GOD FATHER YHWH""Glory be to the Father, to the Son, and the Holy Spirit"

Ten out of the Twelve Tribes of Israel were exiled and lost their identity.The Ancient Filipinos lost their identity when Spaniards destroyed their ancient artifacts, took their treasures andreplaced our native writing scripts. It's time to unite the Filipino people, "ONE NATION UNDER GOD".

Ophir (Hebrew: Modern Ofir Tiberian?Ôp?îr) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon is supposed to have received a cargo of gold, silver, sandalwood, precious stones, ivory, apes and peacocks from Ophir, every three years. Ophir in Genesis 10 (the Table of Nations) is said to be the name of one of the sons of Joktan. Biblical references tothe land of Ophir are also found in
1 Kings 9:28; 10:11; 22:49; 1 Chronicles 29:4; 2 Chronicles 8:18; Book of Job 22:24;28:16; Psalms 45:9; Isaiah 13:12
.
 —John Masefield, “Cargoes”
Quinquireme of Nineveh from distant Ophir, Rowing home to haven in sunny Palestine, With a cargo of ivory, And apes and peacocks, Sandalwood, cedarwood, and sweet white wine.

CITATIONS

In a book found in Spain entitled Collecion General de Documentos Relativos a las Islas Filipinas, the author has described how tolocate Ophir. According to the section “Document No. 98″, dated1519-1522, Ophir can be found by travelling from the Cape of Good Hope in Africa, to India, to Burma, to Sumatra, to Moluccas, to Borneo, to Sulu, to China, then finally Ophir. Ophir was said to be“[...] in front of China towards the sea, of many islands where the Moluccans, Chinese, and Lequios met to trade…” Jes Tirol asserts that this group of islands could not be Japan because the Moluccansdid not get there, nor Taiwan, since it is not composed of “many islands.” Only the present-day Philippines, he says, could fit the description. Spanish records also mention the presence of Lequious (big, bearded white men, probably descendants of the Phoenicians,whose ships were always laden with gold and silver) in the Islands to gather gold and silver. Other evidence has also been pointed outsuggesting that the Philippines was the biblical Ophir.

HYPOTHESES: If the Philippines is the islands of OPHIR and TARSHIS, which island did the descendants of Levites’ Datu Gerson, Datu Merari and few descendants of Datu Cohat build their first settlement when they reached the islands of Ophir? 

Why Marinduque as OPHIR?

LOCATION: This fact really doesn’t have any scientific relation to my theory but you would wonderwhy would such place needs to be in the center of 7,107 islands is, where we can find thelost language called “KAWI” o “TAGALA” o “WIKA” = “Ancient Hebrew Native Language”?

Marinduque is the center of the Philippines. (Conclusive proof is the Luzon Datum of 1911 marker. This shall put torest other claims to the contrary).This heart-shaped island is the smack-center of the Philippine Archipelago. A 1911 American-built marker, known as Luzon Datum of 1911, would later confirm that within Marinduque lies the geodetic center of the Philippines.The island is located strategically in a location that will be hard to find and conquer coming either coming from anydirection of the world map.

THE ONLY QUICKEST WAY THAY THEY (REFERRING TO THE VERY SMALL REMNANTS OF THE LOST TRIBES) CAN ESCAPEIS BY THE NAVY OF SHIPS OF SOLOMON THAT TRAVELS TO OPHIR and that is MARINDUKE ISLANDS where the 

Ancient Hebrew Native Language can be found.

LANGUAGE:
Sri-Visjayan languages Bisaya and Tagalog were Ancient-Hebrew Marinduque dialect: The word Tagalog derived from tagailog, from tagá-meaning “native of” and ílog meaning “river.” Thus, it means“river dweller”which can be referred to remnants of ancient Hebrew and Phoenicians which are the greatsailors of the world. Very little is known about the history of the language and even the Tagalog ancestorsdon’t know how the language is being written before. Marinduque Tagalog is the root from which modern Tagalog &Visayan has sprung and the language that links Tagalog and Visayan, the language which has been made the basis of Filipino, our national language. A conclusive study on this has been made as early as 1914.

Perhaps the most divergent Tagalog dialects are those spoken in Marinduque. Linguist Rosa Soberano identifies twodialects, western and eastern with the former being closer to the Tagalog dialects spoken in the provinces of Batangasand Quezon. 

One example are the verb conjugation paradigms. While some of the affixes are different, Marinduque also preservesthe imperative affixes, also found in Visayan and Bikol languages that have mostly disappeared from most Tagalog dialects by the early 20th century; they have since merged with the infinitive.

Ophir Language: The language of Heber is the same language of Adam and when the language was confused, only Heber retained theoriginal language of Adam and was called Hebrew from Heber’s name and therefore the language of his two sonsPeleg and Yoktan will be Hebrew and the language of Ophir the son of Yoktan will be Hebrew also.

The Language of Abraham
Peleg son is Reu, reu son is Serug, Serug son is Nachor, Nachor son is Thare, Thare had tree sons Abram becomeAbraham, Nahor andHaranthe father of Lot.Abraham is Hebrew in Genesis 14:13.

Historians said about Ophir:
The western writers garlanded the Philippine land with more names such as Maniolas, Ophir, Islas del Oriente, Islasdel Poniente, Archipelago de San Lazaro, Islas de Luzones (Island of Mortars), Archipelago de Magallanes and Archipelago de Legaspi. The western writers and ocean navigators called the islands Ophir before the Western peoplearrived and re-named it as Felipinas from the name of King Felipe of Spain. When the first European historian set their foot in the land of Ophir, it was written by historian Gregorio F. Zaide in page 2 and page 24 of History of the Filipino people, that Padre Chirino, an eminent Jesuit historian found in Tagalog language that “it has the Mystery andobscurities of the Hebrew language”. 

OPHIR
The Ancient-Name of the Islands of the Philippines (Only the descendants of Levites Datu Gerson, Datu Merari and fewdescendants of Datu Cohat reached the island of Ophir, but the High Priest comes in the lineage of Aaron left inYahrushalom)

Section: 1
People in the Islands of Ophir speaks Ancient-Hebrew Language

Who is Ophir ?


Ophir written in the Old Testament of the Bible 1 Kings 22:48, 9:28 and 22:49,Psalms 45:9, Isaiah 13:12, Job 22:24, 28:16, 1Chron. 24:4, 1:23, Genesis 10:25-26.In Genesis 10:25-30 “ And Heber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg, for his days was the earth dividedand his brother’s name was Yoktan. And Yoktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Yerah, and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, and OPHIR, and Havilah, and Yobab; all these werethe sons of Yoktan. And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the EAST”.

Escaped Remnant from Assyria speaks Ancient-Hebrew language


When the word of YAHWEH came into Abraham in Genesis 15:13-14 “And Yahweh said unto Abraham, know of asurety that thy seed shall be a stranger in the land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them 400 years; and also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge; and afterward shall they come out with great substance”.

In Genesis 21:12-13 “Yahshaak (Isaac) shall thy seed be called and also of the son of the bondwoman will I make anation, BECAUSE HE IS THY SEED”. Remember both Yahshaak and Ismaale (Ismael) are the SEEDS of Abraham and itwas Ismaale that settled first in Masry (Egypt) in Genesis 21:21 later the son of Yahshaak named Yahkoob (Jacob) andhis sons came later in Masry in Genesis 46:3 “I am YAHWEH, the Mighty One of thy father, fear not to go down intoMasry; for I will make thee a great nation”. Therefore the seeds of Abraham by his two sons Ismaale and Yahshaakseed become strangers in the land that is not theirs in the land of Masry as prophesied by Yahweh in Genesis 15:13-14. the prophecy say after 400 years shall they come out of that nation whom they serve in Exodus 12:52 “thatYAHWEH did bring the children of Yahshurun (Yisrawale or Israel) out of the land of Masry by their armies”.In the land of Masry the tribe of Ismaale and tribe of Yahshurun were the only circumcised tribes, to differentiatesfrom each other, Yahshurunites was called Yisrawale (Israel) meaning “prince of Sarah” and Ismaale was called Ishma-ale meaning “ in the name-of-Sarah”.

The 12 sons of Yahshurun (Jacob) called 12 Tribes of Yahshurun was originally 12, but when Yahshurun adopted thetwo sons of Yohseph, Efraim and Manase in Genesis 48:5-6, the seat of Yohseph was replaced by his two sons andtherefore the Tribe of Yahshurun become 13 Tribes that goes out of the land of Masry on the time of Moshe (Moses).The Tribe of Levi assigned for Priesthood in Exodus 29, the three sons of Levi Gerson, Cohat and Merari wasdistributed into 12 Tribes of Yisrawale to hold the office of Priesthood and Temple services for YAHWEH in Joshua21:1-8 and 1Chronicles 6:63-81.

Three Sons of Levi Assigned Priesthood:
The Sons of Yahshurun in order of birth in his four wives Leah, Rachel, Bilha, Zilpa:Ruben (Leah) - Merari Priesthood Simeon (Leah) – Cohat Priesthood Levi (Leah)sons= Gerson, Cohat, Merari Yahuwdah (Leah) – Cohat Priesthood Dan (Bilha-Rachel ) – Cohat Priesthood Nepthali (Bilha-Rachel) – Gerson Priesthood Gad (Zilpa-Leah) – Merari Priesthood Asher (Zilpa-Leah) – Gerson Priesthood Isachar (Leah) – Gerson Priesthood Zabulon (Leah) – Merari Priesthood Dinah (Leah)Yohseph (Rachel) two sons Manaseh and Efraim Manaseh-half tribe - Gerson Priesthood Manaseh-half tribe – Cohat Priesthood BenYahmin (Rachel) - Cohat Priesthood 

Remember that Yohseph was sold to Ismaalites and brought by Masryian (Egyptian) to become slave but laterbecome free in slavery and also free to choose his wife with permission from the Pharaoh and his name was changeinto Zaphenath-paneah. A slave shall be returned, Yohseph was bought from tribe of Ismaalites and was returned toIsmaalites. He was given in marriage to Asenath the daughter of Potiphera the Priest is a descendant of Ismaale whobeget 12 princes also like Yahshurun had 12 sons and one of them Levi was appointed to Priesthood, Exodus 29,Genesis 17:7, 17:23, 16:12 “he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren”. When Abraham died it was Ismaale andYahshaak that buried him in the cave of Machpelah next to his wife Sarah in Genesis 25:9.

The descendant of Ismaale was brought by the two sons of Yohseph and the descendant of Yahshaak was brought bythe 12 Tribes of Yahshurun into the land of Masry and came out by their armies in Exodus 12:52, the prophecy of Yahweh on Genesis 15:13-14 was fulfilled.

Two Kingdoms:
The 12 Tribes established their Kings and later was divided into two kingdoms the Kingdom of Yisrawale and theKingdom of Yahuwdah. Yeroboam become king of Yisrawale with priesthoods from Levites Cohat, Gerson and Merari.Rehoboam become king of Yahuwdah with priesthood from Levite Cohat.

The Kingdom of YISRAWALE:
10 Tribes of Yisrawale and their City is Samaria with Cohat, Gerson and Merari priesthoods:King Yeroboam of Yisrawale REMOVED the Priesthood of Cohat, Gerson and Merari and REPLACED them with peoplewho were NOT LEVITES: King Yeroboam of Yisrawale built temples in high places and made Priest from among the people who were notLevites and established a Feast in the eighth month instead of seventh month like the Kingdom of Yahuwdah iscelebrating the Feast in 1 Kings 12:31-32, 1 Kings 13:33-34.

Levites Cohat, Gerson and Merari Removed from Priesthoods of the kingdom of Yisrawale left the land of Yisrawaleand their possession and came to kingdom of YAHUWDAH in the city of Yahrusalem:

2Chronicles 11:13-17 ‘and the Priests and the Levites that were in all Yisrawale resorted to him out of all their coasts,for the Levites left their suburbs and their possession and came to Yahuwdah and Yahrusalem: for King Yeroboam andhis sons had cast them off from executing the priest’s office unto Yahweh and he ordained him priests for the highplaces and for the devils and for the calves which he had made. And after them out of all the tribes of Yisrawale, suchas set their hearts to seek Yahweh Mighty One of Yisrawale came to Yahrusalem to sacrifice unto Yahweh the MightyOne of their fathers. So they strengthened the kingdom of Yahuwdah and made Rehoboam the son of YahdidiYah (Solomon) strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of DowDow (David) and YahdidiYah.”

Yisrawale deported to Assyria and they were replaced in their land by people from 5 nations Abba, Cutha, Separvaim, Hammath and Babylonia:By this acts of Yeroboam king of Yisrawale, Yahweh allowed them to become captives and deported into Assyria andthey were replaced in their land by people from Abba, Cutha, Separvaim, Hammath and Babylonia in 2 King 17:24.The priests of Yisrawale that was deported to Assyria were not Levites.Prophecy of Prophet Isaiah about Escaped Remnant from Assyria: Isaiah 11:11 Prophet Isaiah mentioned Remnant that Escaped from Assyrian captivity in Isaiah 11:11, those Escaped Remnant theyspeaks pure Ancient-Hebrew language for they were not polluted of the captivity language 2 Kings 18:26Therefore Escaped Remnant from kingdom of Yisrawale speaks Ancient-Hebrew language:

Section: 3
Escaped Remnant from Babylonia speaks Ancient-Hebrew language
The Kingdom of YAHUWDAH: 2 Tribes of the kingdom of Yahuwdah and their City is Yahrusalem with Cohat Priesthood: Yahuwdah (Leah) –Cohat BenYahmin (Rachel) - Cohat The Levites Priests of Cohat, Gerson and Merari removed from kingdom of Yisrawale did not stay long in the kingdom of YAHUWDAH: The Levites priests of Cohat, Gerson and Merari left Yisrawale and came to join Cohat the priesthood of YAHUWDAH in Yahrusalem, BUT the priests from Yisrawale Cohat, Gerson and Merari was not in the record in the time of King Yahoshaphat in 2 Chronicles 20:18-19 “and the Levites of the children of (Cohat) Cohathites and the children of Corhites stood up to praise Yahweh the Mighty One of Yisrawale with a loud voice on high.”

ESCAPED REMNANT FROM ASSYRIA SPEAKS ANCIENT-HEBREW:
The Priests from Cohat, Gerson and Merari that was removed from the kingdom of Yisrawale were the EscapedRemnant mentioned by Prophet Isaiah in 11:11 .

Kingdom of Yahuwdah was Deported into the land of Babylonia:
After 114 years from the time when the Kingdom of Yisrawale was deported into Assyria, the people of the Kingdomof Yahuwdah was deported into the land of Babylonia and only poor people left in Yahrusalem the city of theKingdom of Yahuwdah. The king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah to rule the poor people left in Yahrusalem butGedaliah was killed by Ismaale and Ismaale was killed by Yohanan and all the people was afraid that they may all bekilled by the king of Babylon, so they escaped into Masry with Prophet YahremiYah (Jeremiah) and all died in Masrybut very few in numbers was able to return to Yahrusalem in Jeremiah 44:14. The Levites Priesthood from Cohat of the kingdom of YAHUWDAH was brought to Babylonia but it was very few remnant left as mentioned by ProphetIsaiah in 1:9: 

Those called VERY SMALL REMNANT LEFT by Prophet Isaiah in 1:9, the descendants were ZechariYah, Elizabeth andson YahYah. Yohseph, Marriam’s son Yahshu’a the Messiah.

ESCAPED REMNANT FROM BABYLONIA SPEAKS ANCIENT-HEBREW:
To distinguish those Escaped Remnant they speaks pure Ancient-Hebrew language for they were not polluted of thecaptivity language while those Left in Captivity speaks the Modern Aramaic-Chaldean- Hebrew language.Those Escaped Remnant complexion and color of their skin is tan (kayumanggi) Song of Solomon 1:5-6 for they werenot brought to marriage to foreigners. They were not tall as the height of King Dowdow (David) and they hide thename Yahweh as “KEY” to avoid the on-going persecutions for those worshippers of the name Yahweh the MightyOne of Abraham, Yahshaak and Yahcoob. They hide the name YAHWEH when the Sanhedrin (Supreme Court) of Yisrawale prohibits the pronunciation of the Sacred Name Yahweh an offense of Blasphemy (Encyclopedia Judaica‘YHWH’) and Luke 11:52.

Prophecy of Prophet Isaiah on Escaped Remnant in 66:19
“and I will set a SIGN among them and I will send those that Escape of them unto the nations to Tarshish, Pul, andLud, that draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen myglory: and they shall declare my glory among the gentiles, and they shall bring all your brethren for an offering untoYAHWEH out of all nations upon horses and in chariots and litters and upon mules and upon swift beast to my HolyMountain Yahrusalem said Yahweh as the children of Yahshurun bring an offering in a clean vessel into the House of YAHWEH and I will also take of them for Priests and for Levites said Yahweh”.

In the islands of Ophir the people speak Ancient-Hebrew language.

The Jesuit and Spanish writer Colin, one of the pioneers in the Philippine missions, considered that: "...the principal settlers of these archipelagoes were Tharsis, son of Japheth together with his brothers, as were Ophir and Hevilathor Havilah of India.” 
- Colin, "Native races & their customs", E. H. Blair & J.A. Robertson editors, The Philippines 1493-1898.

The Tagalog language has 30,000 root words, 700 affixes, and the root words which are famous about 5,000 wordsfrom Spanish, 3,200 from Malay-Indonesia,
1,500 words from Hebrew, 1,300 words from English, 300 from Sanskrit,250 words from Arabic and very few words from Persian, Japanese and Russian.


If Marinduque Tagalog is the mother of modern Filipino language (BISAYA & TAGALOG) and if Tagalog were Ancient-Hebrew then Marinduque could possibly be OPHIR and the lost language called “KAWI” or “TAGALA” or “WIKA” is the Marinduke Tagalog.

Below were just samples of Hebrew and Tagalog words which are very similar. More words can be found in a separate article.

TAGALOG HEBREW WORD MEANING IN HEBREW
 ALILA      Alilah               to overdo 
 ALE         ALE                 master , lady
 BALAM    Balam              to be held in
 BALAK    Balaq                to annihilate
 BWISIT    Bosheth             shame, confusion
 KABA      Kabah               to expire in heart
 KABILA   Khav-ee-law       circular
 KALAS    Khaw-lash          to overthrown

According to Humboldt, “of all the languages in the Malayan language group, TAGALIC has the richest grammatical development, such that the grammars of the others can be understand only from this standpoint—just as Greek canbe best understood from the standpoint of Sanskrit” – just as I agree with him that modern Tagalog and Visayan canbe understood from the standpoint of Marinduque Tagalog.

The first scholar to address Kawi in a serious academic manner was Humboldt, who considered it the father of allMalay-Polynesian languages. In Kawi language, the meaning of a sentence must be grasped through word order andcontext. Humboldt further noted that Kawi utilizes tense distinctions, with past, present, and future, and differentiated moods via the imperative and subjunctive.

MARINDUKE TAGALOG TENSE DISTINCTION
WORD                 PAST TENSE         PRESENT TENSE              FUTURE TENSE
KAIN(EAT)            KI-NAIN              NA-KAIN or KAINA          MA-KAIN
LUTO(COOK)         NI-LUTU              NAGA-LUTU o LUTUA      MAGA-LUTU
HAGIS(THROW)     HI-NAGIS             INA-HAGIS o HAGISA       AHA-GISIN
BUHAT(LIFT)         BI-NUHAT           INA-BUHAT o BUHATA     ABU-HATIN
GISING(WAKE UP)  GINISING             INA-GISING 0 GISINGA     A-GISINGIN

According to James Cowles Prichard in the book, Researches into the Physical History of ManKind, The Tagala is saidto be the proper language of the islands of Luzon and Marinduque. The following account of the sub-dialects of theTagala is given by Hervas, a missionary who was familiarly and critically versed both in Tagala and Visaya.

Prichard said, “In the isle of Luzon the following dialects are spoken; 1. In Manila, the capital and its environs, the pure Tagala 2. In Camarines, the Camarino which is a mixture of the Tagala and Visaya of the Isle of samar 3. The Pampanga 4. The Pangasinan/Pangalatok 5. The Ilocos6. The Zambales 7. The Cagayan 8. The Negroes 

All of these languages are sub-dialects of Tagala he said.
The language of Visaya and Tagalog has many similarities about 3,800 well known words are the same and similar inusage. Marinduque also preserves the imperative affixes, also found in Visayan and Bikol languages, that have mostlydisappeared from most Tagalog dialects by the early 20th century; they have since merged with the infinitive.HEBREW words that has similar pronunciation and meaning in MARINDUKE TAGALOG and other FILIPINO WORDS canbe found in KING JAMES BIBLE – STRONG”S HEBREW DICTIONARY

Some proof that Marinduke Tagalog is possibly be the lost language called “KAWI”, the Mother Language of TAGALOG and VISAYAN.

Marinduke          Tagalog          Visayan         English
Bulkan               Bulkan           Bolkan          Volcano
Disyerto             Disyerto          Desyerto       Dessert
But-o/Bukog       Buto              Bukog           Bones
Amo/Unggoy      Unggoy/Matsing Ongoy/Amo Monkey/Ape
Bag-ang/Panga  Panga Bag-ang JawHulaw/Tila/Tigil Tigil/Tila Hulaw Stopped
Talon/Busay       Talon              Busay           Water falls
Aplaya/Baybay   Aplaya            Baybay         Shore

According to AncientScripts.com, originally the Baybayin script did not represent consonants occurring at the end of the syllable, even though the syllabic structure of Tagalog does allow an ending consonant. In Marinduke Tagalog, itconforms to Baybayin.

Example: OTHER TAGALOG - MARINDUQUE
BILISAN – BILISI KAININ – KAINABUKSAN – BUKSI HAGISIN – HAGISABUHATIN – BUHATA

In Filipino, the term for language itself is “WIKA”. Why “language” itself in Filipino does is called “WIKA”?

KAWI = WIKA
KAWI at TAGALA ay IISA.

KAWI is commonly considered the “pinnacle language” meaning the highest point or level.The syllabic meter of Kawi poetry is sekar kawi, which means “flowers of the language”, sekar itself deriving from theSanskrit “sekhara” (“garland”) , the language in its “flowering form”

Examples of Marinduqueno and other Filipino root words in its flowering forms.

BUHAY BUHAYA BUHAYIN BINUHAY BINUBUHAY BUBUHAYIN KABUHAYAN PANGKABUHAYAN

Believe it or not, from one word to more than 20 new words.


The flowering forms of the word “WIKA” itself in Marinduqueno dialect.WIKA WIKAIN WIKAAN WINIKA NAGWIKA NAWIKAAN WIWIKAIN WIWIKAAN WINIKAAN NAGWIKAAN “KAWIKAAN”PAGWIKAIN PAGWIKAAN PAGWIWIKAIN PAGWIWIKAAN NAGAWIKAAN WINIWIKAAN SALAWIKAIN SALAWIKAANINAGAWIKAAN PANGSALAWIKAIN PANGSALAWIKAAN


Explanation: Thus it conforms to KAWI which only consist of /a/, /i/, and /u/.Before appearing in the coastal region of Manila, Tagalog had three vowel phonemes: /a/, /i/, and /u/. This was laterexpanded to five vowels with the introduction of Kapampangan and Spanish words.These are very strong proof that our language “MARINDUQUE TAGALOG” is the lost language called “KAWI or TAGALAor WIKA” that could possibly be the language of ADAM and ABRAHAM.

Ever wonder why Philippine anthem was titled “Lupang Hinirang” (The Promised Land) by our heroes over a century ago?

The Rizalistas, as they are collectively and commonly called, aredifferent group of people having different beliefs but focuses on onefaith. It is their faith to the Philippine's national hero Dr. Jose Rizal thatbinds them together. Generally, these groups immortalize and worshipJose Rizal as a divine being. It is possible that his paternal or maternalline belongs to the line of THARSIS, OPHIR & HAVILAH.

Of all the words around the world and all the knowledge that RIZAL knows, why would he don't want the FILIPINO People NOT to forget about the LANGUAGE? EVEN THE KATIPUNAN (KKK) primer Andres Bonifacio and other Filipino Heroes from Lapu-Lapu, Dagohoy, Sakay, Aguinaldo and others are ALL FIGHTING FOR THIS LANDS BECAUSE THEY KNOW IT IS FOR THE FILIPINO PEOPLE, 1 of the LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL.The term Tagalog refers to both an ethno-linguistic group in the Philippines and their language. Katagalugan mayrefer to the historical Tagalog regions in the island of Luzon, part of the Philippine islands. However, the Katipunan secret society extended the meaning of these terms to all natives in the Philippine islands. The society's primerexplains its use of Tagalog in a footnote:

The word tagalog means all those born in this archipelago; therefore, though visayan, ilocano, pampango, etc. theyare all tagalogs.

Tagalog or, stated more clearly, the name “tagalog” has no other meaning but “taga-ilog” which, traced directly to itsroot, refers to those who prefer to settle along rivers, truly a trait, it cannot be denied, of all those born in thePhilippines, in whatever island or town.)Most people today identify Israel with the Jews, but “Jews are from the Kingdom of JUDAH. A study into ancienthistory will reveal that after Solomon died, the nation underwent civil unrest that resulted in the nation being split into two separate nations. There were thirteen tribes that made up the nation of Israel before the split. Afterwards,ten tribes retained the name ISRAEL and the other tribes were called JUDAH. The Bible records what happened tothese two nations. Over time, the nation called ISRAEL was conquered and forcibly removed from their land. Theylost their "native language", their identity, and contact with God. Scholars refer to them as the "Lost TEN Tribes of Israel".

This just prove that the FILIPINOS thru OPHIR, TARSHIS and HAVILAH are "not lost tribes anymore" as our ancestor'sfound the PROMISED LAND. The Ancient Filipinos lost their identity when Spaniards destroyed their ancient artifacts,took their treasures and replaced our native writing scripts.Ten out of the Twelve Tribes of Israel were exiled and lost their identity. Tribe of MANASSEH (Bnei Menashe) hasalready been found in India: the First-fruits of the Lost Tribes of Israel are Returning Home.


MARINDUQUE’s “TUBONG”


is a traditional song-and-dance ritual performed by local folks as an expression of thanksgiving. Some versions could be traced from linesof the “Pasyon”, the poetic narrative in Tagalog of the Passion of Christ that became popular here before theturn of the last century. “Putong” remains popular as aritual that promotes good health, prosperity andsuccess, and as a welcome ritual to honor visitors andguests to the island.“Tubong” (also called “Putong” in some parts of theisland), involves crowning the honoree with flowers orgaily-decorated crowns. The honoree is then handed ascepter of palm leaves to symbolize power. Coins are then tossed up in the air for luck; a shower of petals and leavesfollows for good health amid shouts of “Viva!” or “Mabuhay!” Fiesta food (with the ever-present “pansit” noodles), and drinks (such as “tuba”, coconut wine), are then served to everyone present.People in the tiny, heart-shaped island of Marinduque welcome friends and visitors in a unique tradition befittingkings and queens in their own right. Literally meaning coronation or to crown, the putong (also called tubong) is asong of thanksgiving and, at the same time, a wish and a prayer for a long, blessed life. It has remained one of thepopular traditions in this deeply religious province. The practice has been extended to visitors and guests as a gestureof hospitality. It is, in fact, a prayer for their success, health and prosperity, and has evolved into a song of love,respect, praise and thanksgiving.

The Hebrew Ketubah


Traditional Hebrew wedding ceremonies begin with the bride

The agreement, which once assured the bride’s legal status, states the expectations and duties of the couple once they are married. This beautiful, ornate document will be framed and displayed in the couples’ home.After the couples have signed the Ketubah, the groom lowers his bride’s wedding veil after studying her face. This wedding custom recalls the biblical story of Jacob, who married the wrong woman when she covered her face with a veil.



        Priest before the veil. Woman's veil & symbol of unveiling resembles the one in the Temple.

In the Jewish tradition, the wedding ring should be simple, a band with no details, no stones, and nothing engraved,with nothing to distinguish the beginning from the end. The rabbi, groom, groomsmen, and Jewish male gueststraditionally wear a white-colored cap called a yamulkes.

The HEBREW Wedding Ceremony


 The wedding ceremony begins with a procession of the wedding party members. At the wedding site, both sets of parents escort the bride and groom down the aisle. The marriage ceremony is performed under a special canopy,called a huppah, which represents God’s presence, shelter and protection.After exchanging wedding vows, seven marriage blessings are read. The groom then steps on a wine glass, tosymbolize the fragility of human happiness, a hallmark of Jewish history. It is also traditional for the bride and groomto be alone together for a few moments immediately after the ceremony. This tradition, called yichud, originated sothat the marriage could be consummated, but now it is observed as a lovely time to be together before the reception.There is rarely, therefore, a receiving line at a Jewish wedding. Wedding receptions are joyous celebrations, with much singing and many traditional dances. A lively Israeli dancecalled the Hora is performed at the wedding reception. While they hold on to either end of a handkerchief, bride andgroom are lifted into the air on chairs by their joyful guests, as they are celebrated as ‘king and queen of the night’.A lovely Jewish custom called the “Krenzl” — which means ‘crowning’ honors the bride’s mother when her lastdaughter is wed. The mother is seated in the center of the room and is crowned with a wreath of flowers, then all herdaughters dance around her to a very lively Yiddish song. The Mizinke is a dance of celebration reserved for bothparents who have just seen their last son or daughter married. The guests encircle the mother and father, whilebestowing them with wedding flowers and kisses. – This tradition is similar to Marinduque’s Tubong – RMN.

 Another traditional dance is called “gladdening of the bride.” All of the guests at the reception circle the bride whilethey dance and sing praises about her. - Same as Marinduque and Filipino wedding celebrations – RMN.

A Jewish wedding would not be complete without a sumptuous meal to satisfy the entire wedding party and guests. –  Same as Marinduque and Filipino wedding celebrations – RMN.

I believe and suggest that the tradition TUBONG (‘Putong’) was the evolution of the Hebrew tradition ‘Ketubah’. Notice that it seems that ‘tubong’ is the tagalized ketubah and the same time both word literally meaning coronationor to crown while singing a song of thanksgiving and, at the same time, a wish and a prayer for a long, blessed life.Same tradition also evolves on how Marinduque and Filipino weddings are celebrated.

Do you know that the TUBONG is only done in Marinduque, out of the 7,107 Islands of the Philippines?

CIRCUMCISION (TULI)
Genesis 17:12-13 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations,he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. He that is born in thyhouse, and he that is bought with thy money, must be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for aneverlasting covenant.

UNCIRCUMCISED MAN BROKEN THE EVERLASTING COVENANT OF ABRAHAM AND YAHWEH Genesis 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cutoff from his people; he hath broken my covenant. 

How circumcision reached the Far East Philippines? High rates of circumcision are unsurprising in the far south of the country, on account of its Islamic culture. The near-universal circumcision of males in the Christian areas further north takes rather more explanation. It would be tempting to attribute this to the influence of American rule in the early decades of the twentieth century, but there isa problem - style.Traditional circumcisions in the Philippines are most commonly a dorsal slit rather than full removal of the prepuce,definitely not something learned from the Americans. More likely is that the routine is a hang-over from the pre-colonial era, the whole island chain having been Muslim before the arrival of the Spanish and the consequent forcedconversion of the population to Roman Catholicism.The final possibility is that circumcision in the Philippines pre-dates the arrival of Islam, a possibility that would relateto the "Lost Tribes of ISRAEL" and the "Covenant of Abraham" thru circumcision. Perhaps even being a distant echo of the culture that gave rise to circumcision in Aboriginal Australia and amongst the earliest inhabitants of Hawaii.The Philippines is divided by religion but united by circumcision.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROOF and HISTORY

The beginnings of archaeology in the Philippines began right here in Marinduque and holds the key to understandingthe country’s pre-colonial history. (A. Ocampo).Prior to 1900, only one important archaeological investigation had been carried out in the country: Alfred Marche’sexploration of Marinduque from April to July 1881. While many other accidental finds have been recorded from timeto time, and a few burial caves and sites had been casually explored by European or local scientists, no systematicwork had been done anywhere else prior to these explorations. After Marche, the next important archaeological workwas undertaken by Dr. Carl Gunthe in the Central Visayan Islands in 1922. (Beyer)“An abundant yield of Chinese urns, vases, gold ornaments, skulls and other ornaments of pre-Spanish origin,” waswhat the Marche finds represented. He brought back to France in 40 crates the Marinduque artifacts he uncovered.Part of it now said to be housed at the Musee de l’Homme in France. (Solheim). The finds also included a woodenimage of the Marinduque anito called ‘Pastores’ by the natives.Part of these artifacts have also found their way into the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

“Imagine these fragile jarlets traveling from China to the pre-colonial Philippines. Buried in a cave in Marinduque for centuries, they were excavated in the late 19th century, brought to Paris and eventually ended up in a museum bodega outsideWashington, D.C. Part of our history lies in museums abroad and it will take sometime to analyze these artifacts to piece together our pre-colonial past” 
(A. Ocampo)

Of all the islands in the Philippines, why would these colonizers conduct archaeology specifically in MarindukeIslands and bring those artifacts to Paris & Washington, DC? Does it suggest that they know about these islandsand its people? 

Where is Tarshish and Ophir?
 During the early period of European colonization, the Biblical lands of Tarshish and Ophir, or Tarsis and Ofir, as theywere called, held the imagination of European explorers. Not only was it believed that the "lost tribes" of Israel wereto be found in these lands, but also untold wealth.To these kingdoms King Solomon and King Hiram of Tyre sent ships for trade that "brought from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones," (I Kings 10:11). Concerning Tarshish it is written: "From the king's ships went toTarshish with the servants of Hiram: every three years once came the shop of Tarshish bringing gold and silver, ivory,and apes, and peacock." (II Chronicles 9:21)In Samuel Purchas's well-known travel compendium Purchas His Pilgrim, he devotes the entire first chapter to adiscussion of Tarshish and Ophir. In particular, he argues strenuously that it is beloved Britain and not Spain thatdeserved the title as the modern Tarshish and Ophir. Curiously, in Careri's journal of his visit to the Philippines, hementions that he would not go into the argument raging in Europe at that time over whether the Philippines wasoriginally populated by the descendants of Biblical Tarshish.

In modern times, scholars have attempted to relate Tarshish and Ophir with a number of areas, none of which includethe Philippines. However, things were different in Europe prior to the discovery of the Philippines. There, theybelieved that Tarsis and Ofir were some lands far to the east of biblical Israel. Their reasoning was actually quitelogical. King Solomon built the port from which ships departed for Tarsis and Ofir at Ezion-Geber on the coast of theRed Sea. The return journey took about three years, so obviously the location must be somewhere far to the East. Inmodern times, some scholars have tried to suggest that Solomon's navy circumnavigated Africa to reach theMediterranean, but the seafaring Europeans of those times would not consider such nonsense. Tarsis and Ofir wereunknown lands beyond the Golden Chersonese of Ptolemy. Their discovery would undoubtedly bring untold wealthand great fame in the minds of the people of those times.But what, one may ask, has this to do with the Philippines? The truth is that the search for Tarsis and Ofir was directlyrelated to the "discovery" of these islands by Magellan!

Magellan and the Search for Ophir
 Magellan's contemporary, Duarte Barbosa, wrote that the people of Malacca (in modern Malaysia) had described tohim an island group known as the Lequios whose people were as "rich and more eminent than the Chins (Chinese),"and that traded "much gold, and sliver in bars, silk, rich cloth, and much very good wheat, beautiful porcelains andmany other merchandises."However, Barbosa was not the only one to mention the Lequios during Magellan's time. About a decade after Magellan's voyage, Ferdinand Pinto had wrote in his journal of the experience of his crew and himself after being shipwrecked on the Lequios! Pinto was traveling through the Malay Archipelago at the time and he describes theLequios islands as belonging to large group of islands many of which were rich in gold and silver. He mentions that at that time the Portugese were familiar with Japan and China, and also with the island of "Mindanaus" or Mindanao, so the Lequios islands must have been somewhere between these two areas. Furthermore, Pinto even goes as far as to give the exact latitude of the main Lequios island. He states that is wassituated at 9N20 latitude and that the island was on a meridian similar to that of Japan.

Now, in Magellan's time all exploration was done by latitude sailing and dead reckoning, as no navigational clockswere in use. Latitude sailing required fixing one's latitude precisely by means of an astrolabe. Longitude could only be approximated roughly by using a patent log to track the distance the ship has travelled in any particular direction.When Magellan began to suspect he was nearing the region of the Moluccas he deliberately steered on a northcourse and then turned westward at a latitude of 13 degrees North according to both Pigafetta and Albo.Pigafetta states that the reason was to get near the port of "Gaticara" which was the Cattigara mentioned by Ptolemy. In the book, Magellan's Voyage around the World, the author, Charles E. Nowell, offers another possible reason for Magellan steering so far to the north of the Moluccas. He notes that Magellan himself had rewritten part of Barbosa's book referring to the Lequios, and in his version Magellan substituted "Tarsis" and "Ofir" for the world "Lequios."

Although these lands are not mentioned in Magellan's contract, less than six years after his voyage, Sebastian Cabotsigned a contract with Spain which did have as one of its objectives the "lands of Tarshish and Ophir." Magellan had been to Malacca himself, and probably many have heard of the community of Filipino workers and merchants thatlived there under the protection of the king of Malacca. Probably many of you already know of the theory that Black Henry, the slave Magellan purchased at Malacca, mayhave belonged to the Filipino community of Malacca as he was able to speak with the natives at Limasawa. Whatever the case, we know from his own pen that Magellan thought the Lequios islands might be the same as the Biblical Tarsis and Ofir, and it may be that his idea of the position of the Lequios was partly shaped by Barbosa's book, andpartly by information he may have received from Filipinos in Malacca. Was the fact that Black Henry was able toconverse with the people living at the latitude given by Pinto (but not with the people of Samar or Leyte) a coincidence, or something planned in advance from information gleaned in Malacca? Even after their discovery, many still regarded the Philippines, rich in gold and silver, to be the same as ancient Tarsis and Ofir. Father Colin, referred to them as such in the early 1600's and even at the turn of the century, the Philippine historian Pedro Paterno, still claimed that the Philippines were really Tarshish and Ophir! Whatever one thinks of these claims though, the search for the Biblical El Dorado appears to have played an important role in the European discovery of the Philippines.

The Medieval Geography of Sanfotsi and Zabag
The great kingdoms of Sanfotsi (Tagalog: SAAN PO SI?) and Toupo (Tagalog: Tao Po?)(Shopo) mentioned in the Chinese geographical works of Chau Ju-Kua, Chou Ku-Fei and Ma Tuan-lin are often located in areas of the West like Sumatra, Java and Malaysia. However, a close analysis of the texts give directions that point decidely further East.Thus, scholars like Roland Braddell and Paul Wheatley have looked further East, specifically to the region of Northern Borneo. Some other researchers, though, like J.L. Moens, from the Leiden school, M. Yang-ouen-hoei, D'Harvey de St. Denis and Austin Craig asserted that either Sanfotsi or Toupo were located among the Philippine islands.

Sanfotsi, Entrepot of the South
Here is a paraphrased excerpt of the translation of Chau Ju-kua's Chu-fan-chi by Hirth and Rockhill regarding Sanfotsi. Notice the directions given for voyages to that country:"Sanfotsi lies between Chenla and Toupo. Its rule extend over fifteen chou. It lies due south of Tsu'an-chou. In thewinter, with the monsoon, you sail a little more than a month and then come to Lingyamon (Lingayen?), where one-third of the passing merchants before entering this country of Sanfotsi. A large proportion of the people are surnamed P'u (Apu?). The people either live scattered about outside the city, oron the water on rafts of boards covered over with reeds, and these are exempt from taxation. Actually after you passed the Sumatra, Java, Malaysia going further east of the North Borneo you will enter the entrepot of Zabag that’s why you need to say Hello to all the people there, saying just like “TAO PO or TOUPO”. Once you reached the place of Zabag you must asked the people out there, “SAAN PO SI or SANFOTSI? That’s why mostpeople in Kapampangan or Tagalog in Luzon use “APO” word before the name for Older persons or relatives. 

Example; “TAO PO! SAAN PO SI APO or APU MARIA? They are skilled at fighting on land or water. When they are about to make war on another state they assemble and send for such a force as the occasion demands. They appoint chiefs and leaders, and all provide their own military equipment and the necessary provisions. In facing the enemy and braving death they have not their equal among other nations. During most of the year the climate is hot, and there is but little cold weather. Their domestic animals are very muchlike those of China. They have wine of flowers, wine of coconuts, and wine of areca nuts and honey, all fermented,though without any yeast of any kind, but they are so intoxicating to drink. "Chou Ku-fei has pretty much the same thing to say about Sanfotsi: "Sanfotsi is in the Southern Ocean (South China Sea). It is the most important port-of-call on the sea-routes of theforeigners from the countries of Toupo on the east and from the countries of the Arabs and Kulin (Thailand?) to the west; they all pass through on the way to China.The country has no natural products, but the people are skilled in fighting. When they are about to fight, they covertheir bodies with a medicine which prevents swords wounding them (anting-anting?). In fighting on land or on water none surpass them in impetuosity of attack; even the Kulin people come after them. If some foreign ship, passing this place, should not enter here, an armed party would certainly come out kill them to the last. "Examining the accounts above we find that Sanfotsi was to the south of China, and was, in fact, due south of the portof Ts'uan-chou. 

This is supported by an official historical document describing the trade routes of the South, whichmentions the voyage from Sanfotsi to China.: "Sanfotsi is an important thoroughfare on the sea-routes of the foreigners on their way to and fro. Ships (leaving it forChina) sail due north, and having passed the Shang-hia-chu islands and the sea of Kiau-chi (Tongking), they come within the limits of China." If we study the map below (not to scale), we see that Ts'uan-chou is located by most geographers on the South China coast adjacent to northern Taiwan. It is generally treated either with present-day Fuzhou or Xiamen at about 120 degrees East longitude.Obviously, if we head due south of Ts'uan-chou, we will be heading on a course for the Northern Philippines, or atleast the northeast coast of Borneo. It may be that in this same area was the land known as Foshi by the ChineseBuddhist pilgrim, I-Ching. Foshi is often related linguistically to Sanfotsi, and it was reached by a 20 day journey to thesouth from the ports of Canton or Ts'uan-chou during the winter monsoon. This closely matches the description of travel to Sanfotsi.























Here is the description of the voyage to Foshi by Kie Tan:"From Kuang-chou (Canton) towards the southeast, travelling by sea for 200 li, one reaches Mount T’un-mon. Then,with a favourable wind going westward for two days, one reaches the Kiu-chou rocks (Hainan). Then southward, andafter two days one reaches the Siang-shi, or Elephant Rock. Then southward after three days, one comes to MountChan-pu-lan, this mountain is in the sea at 200 li east of the country of Huan-wang (Tongking). Then southward, aftertwo days journey, one reaches Mount Ling. Then, after a day’s journey one comes to the country of Montu. Thenafter a day’s journey one comes to the counry of Ku-tan; then after a day’s journey one reaches the territory of Pon-to’o-lang. Then after two days journey one comes to Mount Kun-t’u-nung. Then after five days journey one comes tothe strait the Barbarians call Chi. From the south to the north it is 100 li.. On the northern shore is the country of Lo-yue, on the southern coast is the country of Foshi."

Toupo (TAO PO?), Entrepot of the Southeast
Toupo was Sanfotsi's main competitor in the South China Sea. Both were great island empires that thrived on trade. Here is a description of the journey from Toupo to China from the official Chinese documents: "Ships coming from Toupo go a little northwest but when they have passed the Shi-ir-tzi rocks, they take the sameroute as the Sanfotsi ships from below the Shang-hia-chu isles." Thus, the ships from Toupo sailed northwest towardSanfotsi, which after passing, they headed due north along with ships from that port. Chau Ju-kua states about Toupo:"The kingdom of Toupo also called P'u-kia-lung is in a southeasterly direction from Ts'uan-chou, whence ships start, asa rule, during the winter, sailing continually with the north wind, they arrive within about a month. "The winter monsoons mentioned for travel both to Sanfotsi and Toupo blow from South China towards the southeast,the opposite direction of the typhoons of the rainy season during the summer.

According to most Chinese geographical works, the journey from Toupo to the China coast first involved a journey of about two weeks heading northwest before reaching Poni (Panay?), then you resume a northwest heading arriving in a about a week at Mai (Mindoro), from here the journey still continues northwest before reaching Sanfotsi in a fewdays. From here you head either due north for Ts'uan-chou or a bit northwest for Canton. Clearly, Toupo was well tothe southeast of the South China coast. J.L. Moens believed that the capital of Toupo was the city of Toubouk, the oldname of Cotabato in Mindanao.

While Sanfotsi was considered the major port of the South, and Toupo of the Southeast, ports at Tongking andCambodia were considered the major markets of the Southwest from the port of Canton near modern Hong Kong.Clearly from this we can see that both Sanfotsi and Toupo are located to the east of Cambodia and Tongking.

Jewelry, Metal Work and Mining
 Mines dating back to at least 1,000 B.C. have been found in the Philippines. When the Spanish arrived the Filipinosworked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. They also seemed to have worked in brass using tin that waslikely imported from the Malay Peninsula. The iron work in particular was said to be of very high quality in somecases, and occasionally in some areas, even better than that found in Europe.When the Spanish arrived, the Philippines were so gilded with gold that most of the gold mines had been neglected. Marinduque’s whole islands is claimed to have mines of gold, copper, iron and other precious metals and elements.

According to De Morga:
 “… the natives proceed more slowly in this ,and content themselves with what they already possess in jewels and goldingots handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. This is considerable, for he must be poor andwretched who has no gold chains, calombigas, and earrings.”

Pigafetta’s TIme:
“On the island [Butuan] where the king came to the ship, pieces of gold as large as walnuts or eggs are to be found, bysifting the earth. All the dishes of the king are of gold, and his whole house is very well set up.”Pigafetta goes on to describe the huge gold ornaments, gold dagger handles, tooth plating and even gold that wasused to decorate the outside of houses! On the gold work of the Filipinos is this description of the people of Mindoro:“…they possess great skill in mixing it [gold] with other metals. They give it an outside appearance so natural andperfect, and so fine a ring, that unless it is melted they can deceive all men, even the best of silversmiths.”Apparently, even foreigners desired Filipino gold products.

Chryse
Chryse is often coupled with another island Argyre the “Island of Silver” and placed beyond the Ganges. Ptolemy locates both islands east of the Khruses Kersonenson the “Golden Peninsula” i.e. the Malaya Penisula. North of Chrysein the Periplus was thin, which some consider the first European reference to China. Chryse, the “Golden One,” is the name given by ancient Greek writers to an island rich in gold to the east of India.Pomponius Mela, Marinos of Tyre and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mention Chryse in the first century CE. It isbasically the equivalent of the Indian Suvarnadvipa the “Island of Gold.” Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equate sthe island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.

In addition to gold, Chryse was also famed for having the finest tortoise shell in the world according to the Periplus. Large ships brought trade goods back and forth between Chryse and the markets at the mouth of the Ganges.

Chin-lin
In ancient Chinese literature, a mysterious region beyond their southern border in Annamwas known as Chin-lin “Golden Neighbor” and the Southeast Asian border was also called the “Golden Frontier.” When China invaded Annam (Northern Vietnam) in the first century BCE, the kingdom of Champa fortified villagesalong the old caravan trail. This path became Route Colonial 9 during the French colonial period, and it was used bythe Americans to build the McNamara Line of fortified bases during the Vietnam War.With this fortified line, the rugged Central Highlands and a policy of constant piracy, the Champa kingdom held theChinese at bay for a thousand years. After the fall of the Chin dynasty in the 5th century, Cham raids on Tongkingbecame so frequent that the governor appealed to the emperor for assistance. A war of attrition between China andChampa began that lasted until the rise of the T’ang dynasty.During this time though, China was well aware of the golden lands far to the south. 

The Buddhist pilgrim I-Tsing mentions Chin-Chou “Isle of Gold” in the archipelago south of China on his way back from India.

Zabag and Wakwak
 Zabag was based in what would later become the kingdom of Lusung. In this sense, the Philippines fit the bill as agold-rich realm.The country has consistently ranked second in the world behind only South Africa in gold deposits per land area. The Philippines has historically been the largest producer of gold in Asia despite its relatively small size and the fact that until 1980 most gold was obtained only through small alluvial deposits. Although some ancient gold artifacts have been found in this region, they don’t match the age suggested by linguistic reconstruction. Gold may have been mostly handed down from generation to generation rather than being used as aburial good item.In about the second century CE, there arose a practice of using gold eye covers, and then, gold facial orifice covers toadorn the dead resulting in an increase of ancient gold finds. More than a millennium later, the popularity of dental gold to decorate the teeth significantly increased the amount of gold found at archaeological sites.

When the Spanish came they discovered an abundance of gold used among the people of the Philippine islands. Here are some relevant quotes: Pieces of gold, the size of walnuts and eggs are found by sifting the earth in the island of that king who came to ourships. All the dishes of that king are of gold and also some portion of his house as we were told by that kinghimself… He had a covering of silk on his head, and wore two large golden earrings fastened in his ears…At his sidehung a dagger, the haft of which was somewhat long and all of gold, and its scabbard of carved wood. He had threespots of gold on every tooth, and his teeth appeared as if bound with gold.

— Pigafetta on Raja Siaui of Butuan during Magellan’s voyageFor brass, iron and other weighty articles, they gave us gold in exchange… For 14 pounds of iron we received 10 piecesof gold, of the value of a ducat and a half. The Captain General forbade too great an anxiety for receiving gold,without which order every sailor would have parted with all he had to obtain this metal, which would have ruined ourcommerce forever.— Pigafetta on gold trade in Cebu

Sailing in this manner, for some time, in 16° of north latitude, they were obliged by continual contrary winds, to bearup again for the Philippine islands, and in their way back, had sight of six or seven additional islands, but did notanchor at any of them. They found also an archipelago, or numerous cluster of islands, in 15 or 16 degrees of northlatitude, well inhabited by a white people, with beautiful well-proportioned women, and much better clothed than inany other of the islands of these parts; and they had many golden ornaments, which was a sure sign that there wassome of that metal in their country.

— Antonio Galvão in 1555 describing the journey of Bartholomew de la Torre in 1548“…the ore is so rich that I will not write any more about it, as I might possibly come under a suspicion of exaggerating; but I swear by Christ that there is more gold on this island than there is iron in all Biscay.”

— Hernando Riquel et al., 1574 In this island, there are many gold mines, some of which have been inspected by the Spaniards, who say that thenatives work them as is done in Nueva España with the mines of silver; and, as in these mines, the vein of ore here iscontinuous. Assays have been made, yielding so great wealth that I shall not endeavor to describe them, lest I besuspected of lying. Time will prove the truth.

— Hernando Riquel et al. on island of Luzon, 1574 There are some chiefs in this island who have on their persons ten or twelve thousand ducats’ worth of gold in jewels–to say nothing of the lands, slaves, and mines that they own. There are so many of these chiefs that they are innumerable. Likewise the individual subjects of these chiefs have a great quantity of the said jewels of gold, whichthey wear on their persons–bracelets, chains, and earrings of solid gold, daggers of gold, and other very rich trinkets.These are generally seen among them, and not only the chiefs and freemen have plenty of these jewels, but evenslaves possess and wear golden trinkets upon their persons, openly and freely.

— Guido de Lavezaris at al., 1574About their necks they wear gold necklaces, wrought like spun wax, and with links in our fashion, some larger thanothers. On their arms they wear armlets of wrought gold, which they call calombigas, and which are very large andmade in different patterns. Some wear strings of precious stones–cornelians and agates; and other blue and whitestones, which they esteem highly. They wear around the legs some strings of these stones, and certain cords, coveredwith black pitch in many foldings, as garters. 

– Antonio de Morga, 1609
The Portugese explorer Pedro Fidalgo in 1545 found gold so abundant on Luzon the inhabitants were willing to tradetwo pezoes of gold for one pezo of silver. When the Portuguese first arrived, most of the gold traded into Brunei came from Luzon. That island was known asLusung Dao or “Golden Luzon” to the Chinese who also traded for gold in this region.

Recent discoveries show that gold jewelry of Philippine origin was found in Egypt near the beginning of the era.

These finds are mentioned in Laszlo Legeza’s “Tantric elements in pre-Hispanic Philippines Gold Art,” (Arts of Asia, Jul-Aug 1988, p. 131) along a discussion of Philippine Tantric art. Some outstanding examples of Philippine jewelry, which included necklaces, belts, armlets and rings placed around the waist, are showcased in J. T. Peralta’s “Prehistoric gold ornaments from the Central Bank of the Philippines,” Arts of Asia 1981, no.4, p.54.

The Filipinos also made jewelry of carnelian, agate and other precious stones, and of course, they were known fortheir coveted pearl industry.

Pre-Colonial "GOLD of Ancestors" Treasures has been found in the Philippines
The exhibition of more than one thousand gold objects celebrates thesophisticated cultures that existed in the Philippines before colonization in the16th century. Many of the precious objects were recovered in association withtenth to thirteenth century Chinese export ceramics. Similarities in form and iconography with artifacts of other Southeast Asian cultures affirm regional affinities and inter-island contacts that flourished in these archipelagic crossroads of civilizations. Adornments of elite individuals and their deities include a spectacular array of golden sashes, necklaces, pectorals, diadems,earrings and finger rings, bracelets, and anklets. Here, the role of archaeology in reconstructing the past is illuminated, demonstrating how funerary offerings become valuable sources of information for subsequent generation sof the living. (Exhibit in AYALA Museum and Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas)

Ophir's major trading product was Gold. In fact, a possibility that one of the Three Kings (Melchor, Gaspar at Baltasar) who offered Gold to "Holy Infant Jesus" may have been one of the Filipino ancestors. Prehispanic Philippines was heavily engaged in major trades in Asia.

BOHOL’s CHOCOLATE HILL MYSTERY
Bohol's Chocolate Hills formation is "unusual" and "mysterious". They have four legends how it was created but allthose are "myths", the only explanation on its construction is that,

BOHOL'S CHOCOLATE HILLS IS A MAN-MADE "GIANT ARROW" POINTING NORTHWEST TO MARINDUQUE AND THE REST OF THE TAGALOG NATION 

Jes Tirol theorized that BOHOL was the land of OPHIR but I believe that TARSHIS is BOHOL, as that's where we find"people living with apes", they are not only referring to monkeys but particularly the "Philippine tarsier".The Chocolate Hills is an "unusual" geological formation in Bohol province, Philippines. There are at least 1,260 hillsbut there may be as much as 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometres (20 sq mi).They arecovered in green grass that turns brown during the dry season. The covered areas form an "arrow" image pointingnorthwest to the direction of Marinduque and the rest of Tagalog Nation.

HERE IS MY ARGUMENT:

I don't agree that these hills are "natural"; I believe and suggest this mega structure is constructed by the Ancient Filipinos as a "MARKER" or "POINTER" to find and locate a place such as OPHIR. The compositions of these hills arelimestone, just as the Great Pyramids of Egypt are constructed with the same material. If these hills are natural, why would it need to look like a "direction pointer" in aerial view, particularly when the grass is dried and "brown"?  Another argument is that, if those hills were "natural", why majority of the hills are perfectly conical? The conical shape of the hills itself represent "direction".This "mega structure pointer" might be related to the glyphs or symbol discovered by Gene Savoy in the cliffs far abovethe Utcabamba River. There was a theory that those glyphs are not a symbol but a sketch map going to Ophir used by Phoenician people. As you can see in the map, it is pointing NORTH to the Direction of Marinduque and the Rest of theTagalog Nation.Locator map of the Chocolate Hills: Dark brown indicates the greatest concentration of the Chocolate Hills in the Bohol municipalities of Sagbayan, Batuan, and Carmen. Light brown indicates a lesser concentration of the hills in Bilar,Sierra Bullones, and Valencia.



























NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICS’ Atlas of the Human Journey - The Genographic Project.

According to National Geographic’s Atlas of the Human Journey - 45% of Filipinos DNA belongs to the Haplogroup K* (M9) which is anancient lineage established approximately 40,000-50,000 years ago whose origins were probably in Southwestern Asia or South Asia. K* people are considered to be the living link to a very old branch of human family.




CONCLUSION and SUGGESTIONS:

I suggest that: MARINDUQUE was the LAND of OPHIR and the rest of the TAGALOG nation. BOHOL (Bo-ol) was Land of TARSIS and the rest of the VISAYAN nation. PHILIPPINE ISLANDS as the PROMISED LAND (LUPANG HINIRANG). Marinduke Tagalog is the lost language called “TAGALA” or “KAWI” or “WIKA” – The Original Language of MAN. TUBONG (‘Putong’) was the evolution of some part of the Hebrew tradition ‘Ketubah’.

Remember that Ten out of the Twelve Tribes of Israel were exiled and lost their identity. I am not saying Filipinos arethe ONLY Lost Tribe. The Ancient Filipinos lost their identity when western colonizers destroyed their ancient artifacts, took their treasures and replaced their native writing scripts.

The Jesuit and Spanish writer Colin, one of the pioneers in the Philippine missions, considered that: "...the principlesettlers of these archipelagoes were Tharsis, son of Japheth together with his brothers, as were Ophir and Hevilath of India. - Colin, "Native races & their customs", E. H. Blair & J.A. Robertson editors, The Philippines 1493-1898Padre Chirino, an eminent Jesuit historian found in Tagalog language that “it has the Mystery and Obscurities of the Hebrew language”.

OPHIR and TARSHIS, was mentioned in the Bible multiple times; was the former names of the Philippine Islands(1) MARINDUQUE was the LAND of OPHIR and the rest of the TAGALOG nation.(2) BOHOL (Bo-ol) was the Land of TARSHIS and the rest of the VISAYAN nation.

LINGUISTICS
(1) Marinduque Tagalog conforms to BAYBAYIN script and KAWI/TAGALA Language(2) Marinduque Tagalog and Filipino words are described and have the same definition inKING JAMES BIBLE - Strong's HEBREW Dictionary. Marinduque Tagalog = “TAGALA" o "KAWI" o "WIKA" = Ancient Hebrew "Native Language” Marinduque Tagalog = Mother of Tagalog & Bisaya = "The Father of All Malay-Polynesian Languages"KAWI = "Pinnacle Language" (the highest point or level) = The Original Language of MAN.

(3) Filipino heroes know about our true identity, when Dr. Jose Rizal said, “"He who does not love his own languageis worse than an animal and smelly fish." (in Tagalog: "Ang hindi magmahal sa sariling wika, daig pa ang hayop atmalansang isda.")”, Rizal knows that our language is special because it is the language of Adam and Abraham. Our heroes know that this islands is the Promised Land (“LUPANG HINIRANG”) given to us because the Filipinos areamong the 10 Lost Tribes of ISRAEL.

CULTURE
(1) Marinduque's crowning tradition "TUBONG" and most Filipino wedding traditions are the evolutions of HEBREW tradition "Ketubah".(2) Circumsion is a Filipino culture, the everlasting covenant of ABRAHAM and YAHWEH. Circumcision in the Philippines pre-dates the arrival of Islam, a possibility that would relate to the "Lost Tribes of ISRAEL" and the "Covenant of Abraham and Yahweh". Local Marinduque history confirms that the island was never conquered by the Muslims. The Philippines is divided by Religion but United by Circumcision. It would be tempting to attribute this tothe influence of colonial conquest in the early decades of the twentieth century, but there is a problem - style.

SCIENCE
(1) NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICS’ Atlas of the Human Journey - The Genographic Project supports that 45% of Filipino DNA belong to Haplogroup K* (M9) which is considered a living link to an ancient lineage of very old branch of human family.

ARCHAEOLOGY
(1) The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (900 A.D.), a thin copper plate measuring less than 8 × 12 inches (20 × 30 cm)in size and inscribed with small writing that had been hammered into its surface; is a proof to the fact the the pre-Hispanic Philippines was not just, no doubt, a wealthy country, but also a civilized society with a leader, constituentsand inferably, a set of laws which is contrary to what Spaniards said that the locals or Indios were uncivilized.(2) Pre-Colonial "GOLD of Ancestors" Treasures has been found in the Philippines (Exhibit in AYALA Museum) The exhibition of more than one thousand gold objects celebrates the sophisticated cultures that existed in thePhilippines before colonization in the 16th century. Many of the precious objects were recovered in association withtenth to thirteenth century Chinese export ceramics. Similarities in form and iconography with artifacts of other Southeast Asian cultures affirm regional affinities and inter-island contacts that flourished in these archipelagiccrossroads of civilizations. Adornments of elite individuals and their deities include a spectacular array of goldensashes, necklaces, pectorals, diadems, earrings and finger rings, bracelets, and anklets. Here, the role of archaeologyin reconstructing the past is illuminated, demonstrating how funerary offerings become valuable sources of information for subsequent generations of the living.(3)

BOHOL'S CHOCOLATE HILLS IS A MAN-MADE "GIANT ARROW" POINTING NORTHWEST TO MARINDUQUE AND THEREST OF THE TAGALOG NATION (Accidental Discovery by Rameses Ney 01-21-2012). The Chocolate Hills is an"unusual" geological formation in Bohol province, Philippines. There are at least 1,260 hills but there may be as muchas 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometers (20 sq mi).They are covered in green grass thatturns brown during the dry season. The covered areas form an "arrow" image pointing northwest to the direction of Marinduque and the rest of Tagalog Nation. I believe this mega structure is made by the Ancient Filipinos as a"MARKER" or "POINTER" to find OPHIR.(4) BUTUAN archeological site, recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site finds that Ancient Filipinos haveadvanced boat making and gold crafting skills, and also traded with countries as far away as Persia.(5) Recent discoveries show that gold jewelry of Philippine origin was found in Egypt near the beginning of the era.

 These finds are mentioned in Laszlo Legeza’s “Tantric elements in pre-Hispanic Philippines Gold Art,” along adiscussion of Philippine Tantric art. Some outstanding examples of Philippine jewelry, which included necklaces, belts,armlets and rings placed around the waist, are showcased in J. T. Peralta’s “Prehistoric gold ornaments from the Central Bank of the Philippines,” Arts of Asia 1981, no.4, p.54.

CURRENT STUDIES
(1) Philippines is rich in gold and other precious metals; one of the world's largest producer of gold, copper and other precious metals and elements. Current studies reveal the total value of metals that can be mine in the Philippines is worth $4.3 Trillion. This research is based World History, Geography, Linguistics, Science, Archaeology, Current Facts and Biblical Events.

CURRENT FACTS ABOUT Filipinos:
 Do you know that there are 1.2 million Filipino sailors? It makes 20 percent of world’s seafarers.

FACT: There are about 8.7 to 11 million overseas Filipinos worldwide, equivalent to about 11% of the total populationof the Philippines. Each year, more than a million Filipinos leave to work abroad through overseas employment agencies and ……other programs, including government sponsored ones. Domestic helpers and personal service workers are the majority of positions filled by women. Others emigrate and become permanent residents of othercountries. Overseas Filipinos often work as doctors, physical therapists, nurses, accountants, IT professionals, engineers, architects, entertainers, technicians, teachers, military servicemen, seafarers, students, caregivers,domestic helpers and household maids.

Total OFW population:
8,726,520-11,000,000 estimates by Regions with significant populations

Check this data:



















ASK YOURSELF: Do you think this is the reason why FILIPINOES are scattered all around the world? Is it becausethat is our service/destiny to every man?

THE SONS OF LEVI CALLED LEVITES TO DO SERVICE OF THE TABERNACLES OF CONGREGATION Numbers 7:5 Take it of them, that they may be to do the serviceof the tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give themunto the Levites, to every man according to his service.

A MESSAGE FROM GOD

FILIPINO Language is the KEY to the TRUE HISTORY of the WORLD. THE ORIGINAL LANGUAGE OF MAN: FILIPINO (MARINDUKE TAGALOG) & THE FILIPINOS' LOST IDENTITY

(1) In Islam, Jesus named as Isa (Arabic: ʿĪsā) is considered to be a Messenger of God ISA in Filipino means the number One (1); So we can say JESUS is "The ONE" "which can refer to as the "MESSIAH"(2)In Christianity & Judaism, "

PAROUSIA" (Greek), or Coming of Christ as Judge of the world PARUSA in Filipino meaning in Tagalog/Bisaya: parusa, dusa English: punishment, penalty, chasticement, doom (3) In Hebrew: "

MESSIAH"; mashiah, moshiah, mashiach, or moshiach, ("anointed [one]") is a term used in theHebrew Bible to describe priests and kings, who were traditionally anointed with holy anointing oil as described in Exodus 30:22-25.

Messiah is the anglicized version of a Hebrew term (Hebrew: Modern Mashia Tiberian Māšîă Arabic language Masih “anointed”) generally transliterated as Mashiach, representing a redeemer figure expected or foretold inone form or another by Judaism with the same or similar concept found in other religions."

MESIYA" or "MESIYAS
" in Filipino meaning inTagalog/Bisaya: Ang Manunubos, Ang Manluluwas, Hesukristo, Tagapagligtas ENGLISH: The Redeemer, Savior, Rescuer,Liberator (4)

The Sanhedrin (Hebrew: Greek: συνέδριον, synedrion, "sitting together," hence "assembly" or "council") was an assembly of twenty-three judges appointed in every city in the Biblical Land of Israel.

Trials by the Sanhedrin, Herod and Pilate
"JESUS" was tried by the Sanhedrin, mocked and beaten and is condemned for making claims of being the Son of God.Jesus already died in the cross for all of us, everybody has already been saved, the only battle WE are fighting now is"Who we chose when time comes". "Lord JESUS Christ" always comes for PEACE In Filipino, there is a word "

SALARIN
"meaning Tagalog/Bisaya: salarin, may kasalanan, may sala English: (noun) villain; criminal; adj.accusable, actionable, guilty (5) In Buddhism (Sanskrit: bodhi) a religion and philosophy encompassing avariety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (Pāli/Sanskrit "the awakened one"). The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end ignorance (avidyā) of dependent origination and sunyata.

In Filipino, there is a word " BUDHI" meaning Tagalog/Bisaya - budhi, budh´i' n. conscience; "alam natin kung ano ang tama at mali"English: conscience; "sense of right and wrong":(6) Hinduism & Buddhism is based on Karma (Sanskrit: IPA: [ˈkərmə]; Pali: kamma) in Indian religions is theconcept of "action" or "deed", understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect (i.e., the cyclecalled saṃsāra) originating in ancient India and treated in Hindu, Jain, Buddhist and Sikh philosophies. The total effectof a person's actions and conduct during the successive phases of the person's existence, regarded as determining theperson's destiny. (a) Fate; destiny; (b) Informal. A distinctive aura, atmosphere, or feeling: “There's bad karmaaround the world today”In Filipino, there is a word "KARMA’" meaning with Tagalog\Bisaya: budhi, konsiyensiya, kapalaran, karma, ("maitim ang budhi" , "dark conscience")English: fortune; grace; karma (7)

THE MENNASEH TRIBE WAS ON RIGHT DIRECTION HEADING "EAST" IN SEARCH OF THE "PROMISED LAND" BUTTHEY WERE LOST AND WERE NOT ABLE TO REACH THE LAND BECAUSE THEY DON'T HAVE THE STRONG SKILLS IN BOAT MAKING JUST LIKE THE ANCIENT FILIPINO TRIBE

















Manasseh ("Menashé") is an ancient Hebrew male name, meaning "causing to forget"; (Hebrew: Modern Menashe Tiberian Mənaššé ; "who makes to forget") "MENASSEH", IN FILIPINO THERE IS A WORD "

MENSAHE" MEANING English: n. message, communicationTagalog: mensaheThe Jewish redemption of the Lost Tribes of Israel began with Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail of the “Elijah Project” who began searching for these lost “Jews” of which many were actually remnants of the “Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel”. They were part of the Shinlung tribe numbering over 1-2 million living in India and Burma, of which one group, the Bnei Menasseh (Menasheh) trace their history first being exiled to the region of Persia (Iran, Afghanistan andPakistan) and later driven eastward to China until persecutions, around 600 CE forced them to flee again from Chinato Viet Nam where there they lived in caves, hence their names, “Shinlung” as “cave-dwellers”. Eventually theirwandering of progressive and continuous exiles, they were forced out of Viet Nam, wandering throughout Thailandand Burma until they crossed over the Irrawaddy River and found their last home in exile in Northeastern India.(8) According to tribal legends, the Bnei Menashe known as the “Sinlung” tell of their exile from the lands near Samaria to the land of the Medes. From there, they wandered along the famous “Silk Road to China” and ended up settling in the Chinese province of Yunnan. From there, they became part of the Tibet-Burma migrations from EastAsia to the Northeastern region of India and Myanmar. They recognized themselves in their ancestral stories as beingcalled the Tibeto-Burmans who belonged to the peoples of that region called; the Mizo, Kuki, Zomi and the Chin (in Burma).

"SHINLUNG" OR "SINLUNG", IN FILIPINO THERE IS A WORD " SILUNG "Tagalog: silong, ilalim, baba, ibaba; ang kuweba ay nasa ilalim ng lupa,"cave is underneath earth "English: under, down, bottom, downstairs, basement, underneath(9 According to Islamic belief, " Allah" is the proper name of God, and humble submission to His Will, DivineOrdinances and Commandments is the pivot of the Muslim faith. "He is the only God, creator of the universe, and the judge of humankind.". "He is unique (wāḥid) and inherently one (ʾaḥad), all-merciful and omnipotent." The Qur'an declares "the reality of Allah, His inaccessible mystery, His various names, and His actions on behalf of His creatures.

"The name "Halakha" is derived from the Hebrew halakh, which means "to walk" or "to go"; thus a literaltranslation does not yield "law", but rather "the way to go". The term Halakha may refer to a single law, to the literarycorpus of rabbinic legal texts, or to the overall system of religious law. The root may be Semitic aqqa, meaning "to betrue, be suitable". The Halakha is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of human life, both corporeal and spiritual. Itslaws, guidelines, and opinions cover a vast range of situations and principles, in the attempt to realize what is impliedby the central Biblical commandment to "be holy as I your God am holy". They cover what are better ways for a Jewto live, when commandments conflict how one may choose correctly, what is implicit and understood but not statedexplicitly in the Bible, and what has been deduced by implication though not visible on the surface.In FILIPINO (Marinduke), we used "

HALA" meanings as both "the law" and "the way to go". When we say: (1) HALA KA- we meant that "somebody did'nt do the right thing". Similar to "LAGOT KA" or "YARI KA". (2) HALA NA- we meant that means "to walk" or "to go"; "go ahead to your way". Similar to "SIGE NA".

In Islam, Jesus named as Isa (Arabic: Isa) is considered to be a Messenger of GOD. ISA in Filipino means the number One (1); so we can say JESUS is "The ONE" "which can refer to as the "MESSIAH" (10) Tawhid (Arabic: tawḥīd "doctrine of Oneness [of God]"; also transliterated Tawheed and Tauheed) is the concept of monotheism in Islam. It is the religion's most fundamental concept and holds God (Arabic: Allah) is one (wāḥid) and unique (ahad).

In Filipino, there is a word "TAWID" and "TUWID"

LINGUISTICS

(1) Marinduque Tagalog conforms to BAYBAYIN script and KAWI/TAGALA Language, in Filipino; WIKA(2) Marinduque Tagalog and Filipino words are described and have the same definition in KING JAMES BIBLE - Strong's HEBREW Dictionary.Marinduque Tagalog = "TAGALA" o "KAWI" o "WIKA" = Ancient Hebrew "Native Language”Marinduque Tagalog = “Mother of Tagalog & Bisaya Dialects” = "The Father of All Malay-Polynesian Languages "KAWI = "Pinnacle Language" (the highest point or level) = “The Original Language of MAN”

CHRISTIANS, JEWS, MUSLIMS, BUDDHIST, HINDUS AND OTHERS WHITE, BLACK, YELLOW, BROWN AND OTHERS ALL MAN'S BLOOD IS REDWE ARE ALL CHILDREN OF GOD "YHWH" KINGDOM OF "LORD JESUS CHRIST" FOR THE GLORY OF "ALMIGHTY GOD FATHER YHWH" "Glory be to the Father, to the Son, and the Holy Spirit"

The Philippines is the Ophir of the Bible

THE ORIGINS OF BRITISH & AMERICANS CLAIMS THAT BRITISH PEOPLE WERE THE DESCENDANT OF MANASEH ANDAMERICANS WERE THE DESCENDANT OF EFRAIM THE STEWARD KEEPERS OF THEHOUSE OF ABRAHAM UNTIL ABRAHAM’S OWN SON COMES TO MATURITY

Steward Eliezer of Damascus is Like American & British. But they were Descendants of Angles and Saxons and Normans-Vikings and Danish.

Way back in the fifth and sixth centuries, some pagan Germanic tribes called the Angles and Saxons invaded England. St Augustine of Canterbury came to convert them to Christianity in A.D.396. Of course St. Augustine established Jerome’s Latin translation as England’s official Bible. The Anglo-Saxon learned that our Lord’s official Latin name was Iesus. Naturally the Germanic Anglo-Saxon converted the initial Latin ‘I’ into the German ‘J’. They pronounced the name, however, as YAY-zoos, since a single ‘s’ betweentwo vowels is sounded like our ‘z’ in Germanic languages. When the Normans invaded England in A.D.1066 they brought with them the French language. Since neither the Anglo-Saxons nor the Normans would surrender their language to the other, the two became wedded and eventually evolved into Modern English.

St. Augustine of Canterbury (c. first third of the 6th century–26 May 604) was a Benedictine monk whobecame the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 598. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church. Pope Gregory sent more missionaries in 601, along with encouraging letters and gifts for the churches, although attempts to persuade the nativeCeltic bishops to submit to Augustine's authority failed. Roman Catholic bishops were established at London and Rochester in 604,and a school was founded to train Anglo-Saxon priests and missionaries.

The Norman settlers felt no community with the earlier Danish settlers, despite the fact that the Normanswere themselves descendants of the Vikings.In fact, the Normans met with the steadiest resistance in apart of England which was the most influenced by the Danish. Ousting the Danish leaders who recentlyconquered parts of England and provided some of the stiffest resistance to the Normans, and largelyreplacing the powerful English territorial magnates

Viking is one of the Norse (Scandinavian) explorers, warriors, merchants,and pirates who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the late eighth to the early eleventh century.

These Norsemen used their famed longships to travel as far east as Constantinople and the Volga River in Russia, and as far west asIceland, Greenland,andNewfoundland.This period of Viking expansion isknown as theViking Age,and forms a major part of the medieval history of Scandinavia, Britain and Ireland and Europe in general.Danish : The Chronicon Lethrense explains that when theRoman Emperor Augustus went against Denmark (Danish)

 In the time of David, Denmark consisted of seven territories Jutland, Funen, Zealand, Møn, Falster, Lolland and Skåne which were governed by King Ypper of  Uppsala.He had three sons, Nori,Østen, and Dan.Dan was sent to govern Zealand, Møn, Falster, and Lolland, which became known jointlyas Videslev

YahYah (John) 5:36-41 “But I have Greater Witness than that of YahYah : for the workswhich Yahweh hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, thatYahweh hath sent me and Yahweh Himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me.You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His shape, and you have not His wordabiding in you: for whom He hath sent, him you believe not. Search the scriptures for in themyou think you have Eternal Life and they which testify of me, and you will not come to me that you
might have Life, I receive not honor from men”

THE NAME ISRAEL ORIGINATED FROM THE NAME (YASHAR)

YAHSHEAR yaw-shar' a primitive root; to be straight ‘yesh-oo-roon' Jeshurun, a symbol. name for Israelyis-raw-ale' a symbolical name of Jacob

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel, for as a prince hastthou power with Elohim and with men, and hast prevailed.

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance Hebrew-Greek Dictionary search for "Israel"
 yashar yaw-shar' a primitive root; to be straight or even; figuratively, to be (causatively, to make) right, pleasant, prosperous:--direct, fit, seem good (meet), + please (will), be (esteem, go) right (on), bring(look, make, take the) straight (way), be upright(-ly).3475 Yesher yay'-sher from 3474;the right; Jesher, an Israelite: -Jesher.3476 yosher yo'-sher from 3474;the right:--equity, meet, right, upright(-ness).3477 yashar yaw-shawr' from 3474;straight (literally or figuratively):--convenient, equity, Jasher, just,meet(-est), + pleased well right(-eous), straight, (most) upright(-ly, -ness).3484 Yshuruwn yesh-oo-roon' from 3474;upright; Jeshurun, a symbol. name for Israel:--Jeshurun.

Yisra'el yis-raw-ale' from 8280 and 410;he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also(typically) of his posterity: --Israel.

Yisra'el yis-raw-ale' (Aramaic) corresponding to 3478:--Israel.

Yisr'eliy yis-reh-ay-lee' patronymically from 3478;a Jisraelite or descendant of Jisrael:--of Israel, Israelite.

Yshuruwn yesh-oo-roon' from 3474;upright; Jeshurun, a symbol. name for Israel:--Jeshurun.
YAHSHURUN FROM THE NAME YAHSHEAR THE 12 TRIBES OF YAHSHURUN WERE CALLED YISRAWALE IN MASRY (NOW EGYPT) from no. 8280 Yisrawale (Israel) means “Prince of Sarah” to distinguished from Ismael means “In the name of my master Sarah”

The 12 Sons of Yahshear (Jacob) from Leah, Rachel, Bilha, Zilpa
1. Ruben (Leah) 2. Simeon (Leah) 3. Levi (Leah) Levi sons Gershon , Kohath and Merari 4. Yahuwdah (Leah) 5. Dan (Bilha-Rachel ) 6. Nepthali (Bilha-Rachel) 7. Gad (Zilpa-Leah) 8. Asher (Zilpa-Leah) 9. Isachar (Leah)10. Zabulon (Leah)Dinah (Leah) 11. Yohseph (Rachel) Yohseph sons Manaseh and Efraim 12. BenYahmin (Rachel)

THE 13th TRIBES OF YAHSHURUN Manaseh and Efraim Replaced the seat of Yohseph

Genesis 48:5 And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in theland of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall bemine. Genesis 48:6 And thy issue, which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall becalled after the name of their brethren in their inheritance. Numbers 1:5-161. Ruben 2. Simeon 3. Levi 4. Yahuwdah 5. Dan 6. Nepthali 7. Gad 8. Asher 9. Isachar10. ZabulonDinah (Leah) 11. BenYahmin 12. Manaseh -

Replaced the seat of Yohseph his eldest son13. Efraim - Replaced the seat of Yohseph his second son

DESCENDANT OF LEVI THE SONS OF LEVI Genesis 46:11 And the sons of Levi; Sacerdote Kohath, Sacerdote Gershon and Sacerdote Merari 1Chronicles 6:1Sacerdote Gershon Sacerdote Kohath Sacerdote Merari Libni Shimei Amran Ishar Hebron Uzziel Mahli MushiJahath (High Priest) Aaron Korah Libni Zimmah Eleazar Ebiasaph ShimeaJoah Phinehas Assir UzzaIddo Abishua Tahath Shimea Zerah Bukki ZephaniYah Haggiah Jeaterai Uzzi Azariah Asaiah Zerahiah Joel Maraioth Elkanah Amariah Amasai Ahitub Mahath Zadok Elkanah Ahimaaz Zuph Azariah Toah Johanan Eliel Azariah - Jeroham (Priest of Solomon temple ) Elkanah Shumuel Joel Amariah Heman Ahitub Zadok Shallum Hilkiah Azariah Seraiah Jehozadak - captive in Babylon.

Notice that Kohath's son Ishar served in the time of King David. Notice that Kohath's son Amran his grandson Jehozadak reached Babylonian captivity.

Notice that the grandson of Gershon and Merari discontinue on the 7th generation of Jeaterai and Joel. They were the FIRST Levites that escape onboard the navy of ships going to Ophir while the secondescaped was mentioned on Isaiah 11:11.

The grandson of Amran is Jehozadak served during Babylonian captivity.

The Feast of Yahweh discontinue at the reign of King Jeroboam of 10 tribes until restored back by King Josias near the time of Babylonian captivity. 2Kings 23:22 Surely there was not holden such a Passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;

THE GRANDSON OF LEVI AARON AND HIS SON THE HIGH PRIEST FOR PERPETUAL STATUTE THE SONS OF LEVI CALLED LEVITES TO DO SERVICE OF THE TABERNACLES OF CONGREGATION

Exodus 29:9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: andthe priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.Numbers 7:5 Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation;and thou shalt give them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service.

Numbers 8:19 And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make anatonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary.

Numbers 18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shallbear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.

THE THREE SONS OF LEVI - GERSHON, KOHATH & MERARI
Called Yahshear-Dath or Sacerdote or Priest mixed with 12 Tribes of Yisrawale

Joshua 21:1 Then came near the heads of the fathers of the Levites unto Eleazar the priest, and unto Joshua the son of Nun, and unto the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel; Joshua 21:2 And they spake unto them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan, saying, commanded by the handof Moses to give us cities to dwell in, with the suburbs thereof for our cattle. Joshua 21:3 And the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of, these cities andtheir suburbs. Joshua 21:4 And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites: and the children of Aaron the priest, [which were] of the Levites, had by lot out of the tribe of Judah, and out of the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin, thirteen cities. Joshua 21:5 And the rest of the children of Kohath [had] by lot out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and out of thehalf tribe of Manasseh, ten cities. Joshua 21:6 And the children of Gershon [had] by lot out of the familiesof the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities. Joshua 21:7 The children of Merari by their families [had] outof the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities. Joshua 21:8 And the children of Israel gave by lot unto the Levites these cities with their suburbs, ascommanded by the hand of Moses.

Abundant amount of gold & therefore manufactured objects of gold in Philippines. On the right this piece resembles the Ark of the Covenant.

Bethlehem-judah of the family of Judah =descendants of Yahshear-Dath Kohath the Levite Priest

Judges 17:7 And there was a young man out of Bethlehem-judah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.

Three Sons of Levi called Yahshear-Dath or Sacerdote or Priest mixed with 12 Tribes of Yisrawale Joshua 21:1-8 & 1 Chronicles 6:63-81

Sacerdote or Yahshear-Dath Gershon Sacerdote or Yahshear-Dath Kohath Sacerdote or Yahshear-Dath Merari

The Sons of Yahshear (Jacob) from Leah, Rachel, Bilha, Zilpa:

1. Ruben ---------- 1. Ruben (Leah) - Yahshear Dath Merari the Priest 2. Simeon ---------- 2. Simeon (Leah)–Yahshear Dath Kohath the Priest 3. Levi ----------Levi (Leah) sons Gershon , Cohat and Merari 4. Yahuwdah ---------- 3. Yahuwdah (Leah)–Yahshear Dath Kohath the Priest 5. Dan ---------- 4. Dan (Bilha-Rachel )–Yahshear Dath Kohath the Priest6. Nepthali ---------- 5. Nepthali (Bilha-Rachel)–
Yahshear Dath Gershon the Priest7. Gad ---------- 6. Gad (Zilpa-Leah)–Yahshear Dath Merari the Priest8. Asher ---------- 7. Asher (Zilpa-Leah)–Yahshear Dath Gershon the Priest9. Isachar ---------- 8. Isachar (Leah)–Yahshear Dath Gershon the Priest10.Zabulon ---------- 9. Zabulon (Leah)–Yahshear Dath Merari the PriestDinah (Leah)11.Yohseph ---------- Yohseph (Rachel) sons Manaseh and Efraim 12.BenYahmin -------- 10. Manaseh-half Tribe - Yahshear Dath Gershon the PriestManaseh- half Tribe–Yahshear Dath Kohath the Pries t11. Efraim–Yahshear Dath Kohath the Pries t12. BenYahmin (Rachel) - Yahshear Dath Kohath the Priest

YISRAWALE (ISRAEL) ASKED FOR KING

1Samuel 8:5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us aking to judge us like all the nations. 1Samuel 8:6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give usa king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto . 1Samuel 12:19 And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto thy Elohim, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins thisevil, to ask us a king.

King Saul (BenYahmin) Kohath the Priest
King David (Yahuwdah) Kohath the Priest
King Solomon (Yahuwdah) Kohath the Priest

King Solomon Made a Navy of Ships to take Gold from Ophir

1Kings 9:26 And King Solomon made a navy of ships in Ezion-geber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom. (to take gold from Ophir).

2Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three (3) years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

King Jeroboam of Yisrawale from the Tribe of Efraim

1Kings 11:26 And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's servant, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the king.

King Jeroboam made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi

1Kings 12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, whichwere not of the sons of Levi. 1Kings 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high placeswhich he had made. 1Kings 13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but madeagain of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, andhe became one of the priests of the high places. 1Kings 13:34 And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.

King Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto 2Chronicles 11:13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts. 2Chronicles 11:14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto:

2Chronicles 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. 2Chronicles 11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek Elohim of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto Elohim of their fathers. 2Chronicles 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three (3) years they walked in the way of David and Solomon.

King Solomon’s Navy of Ships arrived every three (3) years in Jerusalem. 1Kings 9:26 And King Solomon made a navy of ships in Ezion-geber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom. (to take gold from Ophir). 2Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three (3) years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

The Levite Priests Yahshear-Dath or Sacerdote stayed in Jerusalem for three (3) years 2Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three (3) years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. The priests the Yahshear-Dath or Sacerdote and the Levites that were in all Israel that left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem and stay in Jerusalem for three (3) years they saw King Solomon’ s ships of Tarshish bringing gold for every three (3) years once come the ships from Ophir.

Sacerdote of Ten (10) Tribes were no longer found in Jerusalem

SACERDOTE OF TEN (10) TRIBES OF YISRAWALE (ISRAEL)

Sacerdote or Yahshear Dath Merari the Priest for Tribes of Ruben, Gad, ZabulonSacerdote or Yahshear Dath Kohath the Priest for Tribes of Simeon, Dan, ½Manaseh, EfraimSacerdote or Yahshear Dath Gershon the Priest for Tribes of Nepthali, Asher, Isachar, , ½Manaseh

2Chronicles 20:18 And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground: and all Judah and theinhabitants of Jerusalem fell before , worshipping . 2Chronicles 20:19 And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise Elohim of Israel with a loud voice on high.

WHEN THEY LEFT THEIR COLOR OF SKIN IS TAN (KAYUMANGGI)
Song of Solomon 1:6 ‘look not upon me because I am Black (The color of their skin is Tan (Kayumanggi) before the Assyrian Captivity.), because the sun hathlooked upon me: (Tagalog Magandang Balita Biblia translated Kayumanggi).

THE ONLY WAY TO ESCAPE IS BY THE NAVY OF SHIPS OF SOLOMON THAT TRAVELS TO OPHIR BEFORE THEY LEFT THE LEVITE PRIEST IS CALLED SACERDOTE from YAHSHER-DATH (DAWTH)

Dath תד 1) decree, law, edict, regulation, usage ,a) decree, edict, commission, b) law, rule

dath <1881> Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance Hebrew Dictionary

Pronunciation: Dawth
Definition: 1) decree, law, edict, regulation, usage 1a) decree, edict, commission 1b) law, rule of uncertain (perhaps foreign) derivation: a royal edict or statute:-commandment, commission, decree, law, manner.

DaTH
I used to think of DaTH (dawth) as meaning void, since that's the way the fluffy bunny new age kabbalah  books present it. I was curious one day and decided to see if the word was in the Bible (in Hebrew version)  and found that it means something like the Law written in our hearts, a kosmic consciousness that lets us  know if we are in sync with the Tao That Be (or however you want to describe it). Here are a few of my  notes on my research into DaTH.

Go on a spiritual quest to find values you can hold up as being what you stand for. You have found your  inner DaTH. You have found the law written in your heart. What is law? A king gives a decree or edict that is the expression of the king’s will. *Esther 3:14, 8:13, 9:14+ There was the concept that once a king issued this DaTH, it cannot be altered or revoked. [Daniel 2:15, 6:16] DaTH is entrusted to people. In the case of civil law, this DaTH is in the hands of judges, enforced by police, argued by lawyers, voted upon and recorded by politicians.

The Israelites had the concept of the ToWRaH being the DaTH of Yahweh. Ezra was given the title of Secretary of the irrevocable DaTH of the Almighty of heaven. [Ezra 7:2, 1 Esdras 8:9] The irrevocability of the DaTH from Yahweh was not questioned by Yahshua. Yahshua was not out to destroy the ToWRaH representing the DaTH from Yahweh, but to bring it to life in the hearts of people. [Matthew 5:17] He was not getting out a giant cosmic eraser. What he challenged was that DaTH of Yahweh was complete and contained in scriptures and traditions. He offered that DaTH of Yahweh can be known in the heart, directly experienced, with continued insights into this DaTH, renewed revelation, and ongoing prophecy.

This was not anti-Jewish at all. The idea was found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Jews continued to redefine DaTH with the Mishnah, the Talmud, the Kabbalah, and to this day with books being published, web sites being built, deeper insights explored and lived out.

Here is something you can count on to be true for your entire life — CHoKMaH/Sophia and DaTH are treasures that will be your salvation. The greatest treasure comes from uniting with Yahweh. [Isaiah33:6]12

A treasure is a reward after following a treasure hunt. A gift is never really valued as a treasure.

YAHWEH with a multitude approaches, from his right hand comes a shining DaTH. [Deuteronomy 33:2] DaTH is the invisible SHiPHRaH, the Law in the heart of Yahweh. DaTH is Law, but DaTH is also having an active conscious, a living Law written in the heart. DaTH is being conscious of the will of Yahweh, which we can concentrate upon, which we can be mindful of, which can direct our view of what Yahweh wants in each given situation. DaTH is beyond memorizing a collection of ancient rules. DaTH is a living part of each of us. I would dare say that people who have never heard one word of religion still know that it would be wrong to go on a murdering spree or steal from the neighbors when they are not at home. The commandments part of ToWRaH are not the DaTH, but are examples of using the DaTH in specific situations. The DaTH extends far beyond the few ancient case-by-case examples of what would not be acceptable behavior.

Thus the Jewish/Kabbalist quest for the invisible DaTH is much like the Gnostic quest for direct connect, for gnosis. Maybe it is invisible because it is from another dimension, that light trapped in the darkness, our core Messiah’s Consciousness, our native our Nature.

Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - Dath Mosha
Middle Eastern and North African Jewish community headdress may also resemble that of the ancient Israelites. In Yemen, the wrap around the cap was called רַצ ַמ massar; the head covering worn by all women according to Dath Mosha was a ושּרגַג "Gargush"

YISRAWALE (ISRAEL) DURING ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY
The Hebrew language was replaced by Aramaic language when they were under Assyrian Captivity , the word ‘DATH’ for Priest was replaced by Aramaic word ‘KAHEN’ ARAMAIC VERSION OF DATH IS KAHEN (Aramaic Language during Assyrian captivity, 2Kings 18:26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall. (Syrian language is Aramaic).

BEFORE ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY THE LEVITE PRIEST IS CALLED SACER-DOTE from YAHSHER-DATH (DAWTH) AND DURING ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY THE PRIEST (NOT ANYMORE LEVITES 2Kings 17:24 , 2Kings 17:27 ,1Kings 12:31 ) IS CALLED “KAHEN”

King Jeroboam made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi 1Kings 12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi. 1Kings 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in 13 Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. 1Kings 13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places. 1Kings 13:34 And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.

Yisrawale (Israel) 2Kings 17:23 Until removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day. 2Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof. 2Kings 17:27 Then the king of Assyria commanded saying Carry thither one of the PRIESTS whom ye brought from thence, and let them go and dwell there and let him teach them the manner of the God of that land. 2Kings 17:28 Then one of the Priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwell in Beth-el and taught them how they should fear the God of that land. (The Priests whom they had carried away from Samaria are NOT LEVITES).

DURING ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY THE PRIEST OF YISRAWALE WHICH WERE NOT THE SONS OF LEVI WAS CALLED ‘KAHEN’

‘KAHEN’ MEANS PRIEST IS ARAMAIC WORD THAT REPLACED THE FORMER LEVITE
PRIEST OR YAHSHEAR-DATH OR SACERDOTE


3547 kahan kaw-han' a primitive root, apparently meaning to mediate in religious services; but used only as denominative from 3548; to officiate as a priest; figuratively, to put on regalia:--deck, be (do the office of a, execute the, minister in the) priest('s office).

3548 kohen ko-hane' active participle of 3547; literally, one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an
acting priest (although a layman):--chief ruler, X own, priest, prince, principal officer.
3549 kahen kaw-hane' (Aramaic) corresponding to 3548:--priest. (KAHEN IS ARAMAIC)

THEREFORE THE PRIEST BEFORE ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY IS CALLED ‘YAHSHEAR-DATH’ (SACER-DOTE) AND DURING ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY WAS CHANGED TO ARAMAIC WORD ‘KAHEN’.

Yisrawale (Israel ) and Yahuwdah (Jews) carried away out of their own land to Assyria
and Babylonia

Yisrawale (Israel) 2Kings 17:23 Until removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his
servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day. 2Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.

Yahuwdah (Jews) 2Kings 17:19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of their Elohim, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. Daniel 1:1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.

Jeremiah 44:2 Thus saith of hosts, the Elohim of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, Jeremiah 44:7 Therefore now this saith , the Elohim of hosts, the Elohim of Israel; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain;

THE LEVITE PRIEST OF YISRAWALE ONLY WAY TO ESCAPED IS BY THE NAVY OF SHIPS OF SOLOMON THAT TRAVELS TO OPHIR

WHERE IS OPHIR? "Tarsis and Ofir"

During the early period of European colonization, the Biblical lands of Tarshish and Ophir, or Tarsis and Ofir, as they were called, held the imagination of European explorers. Not only was it believed that the "lost tribes" of Israel were to be found in these lands, but also untold wealth. To these kingdoms King Solomon and King Hiram of Tyre sent ships for trade that "brought from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones," (I Kings 10:11). Concerning Tarshish it is written: "Fro the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Hiram: every three years once came the shop of Tarshish bringing gold and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacock." (II Chronicles 9:21)

In Samuel Purchas's well-known travel compendium Purchas His Pilgrim, he devotes the entire first chapter to a discussion of Tarshish and Ophir. In particular, he argues strenously that it is beloved Britain and not Spain that deserved the title as the modern Tarshish and Ophir. Curiously, in Careri's journal of his visit to the Philippines, he mentions that he would not go into the argument raging in Europe at that time over whether the Philippines was originally populated by the descendants of Biblical Tarshish.

In modern times, scholars have attempted to relate Tarshish and Ophir with a number of areas, none of which include the Philippines. However, things were different in Europe prior to the discovery of the Philippines. There, they believed that Tarsis and Ofir were some lands far to the east of biblical Israel. Their reasoning was actually quite logical. King Solomon built the port from which ships departed for Tarsis and Ofir at Ezion-Geber on the coast of the Red Sea. The return journey took about three years, so obviously the location must be somewhere far to the East. In modern times, some scholars have tried to suggest that Solomon's navy circumnavigated Africa to reach the Mediterranean, but the seafaring Europeans of those times would not consider such nonsense. Tarsis and Ofir were unknown lands beyond the Golden Chersonese of Ptolemy. Their discovery would undoubtedly bring untold wealth and great fame in the minds of the people of those times.

But what, one may ask, has this to do with the Philippines? The truth is that the search for Tarsis and Ofir was directly related to the "discovery" of these islands by Magellan!

Magellan and the Search for Ophir

Magellan's contemporary, Duarte Barbosa, wrote that the people of Malacca (in modern Malaysia) had described to him an island group known as the Lequios whose people were as "rich and more eminent than the Chins (Chinese)," and that traded "much gold, and sliver in bars, silk, rich cloth, and much very good wheat, beautiful porcelains and many other merchandises."

However, Barbosa was not the only one to mention the Lequios during Magellan's time. About a decade after Magellan's voyage, Ferdinand Pinto had wrote in his journal of the experience of his crew and himself after being shipwrecked on the Lequios! Pinto was traveling through the Malay Archipelago at the time and he describes the Lequios islands as belonging to large group of islands many of which were rich in gold and silver. He mentions that at that time the Portugese were familiar with Japan and China, and also with the island of "Mindanaus" or Mindanao, so the Lequois islands must have been somewhere between these two areas. Furthermore, Pinto even goes as far as to give the exact latitude of the main Lequios island. He states that is was situated at 9N20 latitude and that the island was on a merdian similar to that of Japan.

Now, in Magellan's time all exploration was done by latitude sailing and dead reckoning, as no navigational clocks were in use. Latitude sailing required fixing one's latitude precisely by means of an astrolabe. Longitude could only be approximated roughly by using a patent log to track the distance the ship has travelled in any particular direction. When Magellan began to suspect he was nearing the region of the Moluccas he deliberately steered on a north course and then turned westward at a latitude of 13 degrees North according to both Pigafetta and Albo. Pigafetta states that the reason was to get near the port of "Gaticara" which was the Cattigara mentioned by Ptolemy. In the book, Magellan's Voyage around the World, the author, Charles E. Nowell, offers another possible reason for Magellan steering so far to the north of the Moluccas. He notes that Magellan himself had rewrote part of Barbosa's book referring to the Lequios, and in his version Magellan substituted "Tarsis" and "Ofir" for the world "Lequios."

Although these lands are not mentioned in Magellan's contract, less than six years after his voyage, Sebastian Cabot signed a contract with Spain which did have as one of its objectives the "lands of Tarshish and Ophir." Magellan had been to Malacca himself, and probably many have heard of the community of Filipino workers and merchants that lived there under the protection of the king of Malacca. Probably many of you already know of the theory that Black Henry, the slave Magellan purchased at Malacca, may have belonged to the Filipino community of Malacca as he was able to speak with the natives at Limasawa. Whatever the case, we know from his own pen that Magellan thought the Lequios islands might be the same as the Biblical Tarsis and Ofir, and it may be that his idea of the position of the Lequios was partly shaped by Barbosa's book, and partly by information he may have received from Filipinos in Malacca. Was the fact that Black Henry was able to converse with the people living at the latitude given by Pinto (but not with the people of Samar or Leyte) a coincidence, or something planned in advance from information gleaned in Malacca?

Even after their discovery, many still regarded the Philippines, rich in gold and silver, to be the same as ancient Tarsis and Ofir. Father Colin, referred to them as such in the early 1600's and even at the turn of the century, the Philippine historian Pedro Paterno, still claimed that the Philippines were really Tarshish and Ophir! Whatever one thinks of these claims though, the search for the Biblical El Dorado appears to have played an important role in the European discovery of the Philippines.

Pedro Chirino
Pedro Chirino was a Spanish historian who spent 12 years in the Philippines as a Jesuit missionary at the beginning of the 17th century. He established a boarding school at Tigbauan in 1592, but the work he is most remembered for is his Relación de las Islas Filipinas (1604), a record of life in 17th century Philippines which, Historian Ambeth Ocampo notes, is highly regarded "by those reading early accounts of the Philippines, including Jose Rizal."

He recorded an example of an exorcism by a Catholic friar of a Filipino woman who had been bewitched and seized with trembling and paroxysms. Chirino wrote, "Our Brother was sent to ascertain what this disturbance meant, and when he learned what had happened, he called the husband and gave him a little piece of the "Agnus" in a reliquary, exhorting him at the same time to have faith, and promising that his wife would soon be healed.…The husband went home with the agnus, and no sooner had he applied it to his wife than she was freed of the trembling and terror and remained calm. This occurrence soon became public, and another Indian [the term "Indios" was used by the Spanish to refer to the people of the Philippines] who had been bewitched by the same Indian woman, on seeing this marvel, was convinced that God granted health to those who invoked him. Accordingly, he asked for the same relic, and he also was healed.

Father Chirino also recorded the transition of Filipino writing from the Baybayin script to the Latin
alphabet.

PHILIPPINE NATIONAL LANGUAGE ‘TAGALOG” “has MYSTERY and OBSCURITIES of the HEBREW”

According to ‘Pedro Chirino’ in Gregorio F. Zaide ‘History Of The Filipino People’ page 24 “Of all our languages, the Tagalog has been adjudged the best by scholars. “I found in this language,” said Padre Chirino, eminent Jesuit-historian, “four qualities of the four greatest languages of the world – Hebrew, Greek, Latin and Spanish. It has “MYSTERY and OBSCURITIES of the HEBREW”.



 


DATU from Yahshear-Dath (Sacerdote or Priest of Yahshear): Jacob named Yahshear Genesis 32:28

Bisaya and Tagalog

At the same period the well-known Maragtas in Visaya’s history claimed that ten (10) Datu lead by Datu 

Puti arrived in Panay and bought the plain land of Panay island. This people were called “VISAYA” the descendant of original Sri-Visjaya of 7th century from Borneo and Sulu. They carried the word “ya-we” in Visaya which means “key”, this was mentioned in Luke 11:52 “woe unto you, lawyers, for ye have taken away the “key of knowledge”, (the scribes took away the name Yahweh and replaced it with other name Adonai, the key is the name Yahweh). The other three (3) Datu, Datu Puti, Datu Dumangsil and Datu Balensusa reached Taal (Batangas) where the language of the three Datu believed to be the origin of Tagalog language. The remaining seven (7) Datu in Panay they reached Cebu, Samar and Bicol. Datu Puti last record is in Sulu before going to Borneo. The word Dawth in Hebrew language means royal edict or statute, commandment, decree, law, manner. The Dawth is pronounced Datuh is the one who ruled and make decree, law and a royal family in Filipino history. The title “DATU” from the word Yashear-Dath or Sacer-dote or Priests of Yahshurun (Israel).

ESCAPED REMNANT FROM ASSYRIA SPEAKS ANCIENT-HEBREW
The Levite Priests or Sacerdote or Yahshear-Dath Kohath, Yahshear-Dath Gershon and Yahshear-Dath Merari that was removed from the kingdom of Yisrawale that Yahweh set His hand for the FIRST TIME to recover the Remnant of his people, they speak Ancient-Hebrew for they were not yet been captives by Assyrian and after that during the time of captivity in Assyria it was mentioned by Prophet Isaiah in 11:11. Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Yahweh shall set his hand again the SECOND TIME to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

LANGUAGE DURING CAPTIVITY IS ARAMAIC SYRIAN LANGUAGE
2Kings 18:26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

THE LANGUAGE OF SRI-VISJAYA IS ANCIENT HEBREW
The First European Historian Pedro Chirino wrote that Tagalog is Hebrew When the first European set their foot in the land of Mortar (translated by Fernando Magallanes as Luzones means mortar), it was written by historian Gregorio F. Zaide in page 2 and page 24 of History of the Filipino People, that Padre Chirino an eminent Jesuit historian found in Tagalog language that “it has the Mystery and obscurities of the Hebrew language”.

 According to Merriam-Webster International Unabridged dictionary that the Tagalog language and Visaya language comes from one group of language called Tagala that is branch-language of ancient Malay-Javanese language Kawi which is now extinct. The Tagalog language has 30,000 root words, 700 affixes, and root words which are famous about 5,000 words from Spanish, 3,200 from Malay-Indonesia, 1,500 words from Hebrew, 1,300 words from English, 300 from Sanskrit, 250 from Arabic and very few words from Persian, Japanese, Russian. The Latin language was influenced from Spanish and English. The language of Visaya and Tagalog has many similarities about 3,800 well known words are the same and similar in usage. The Hiligaynon is the language of Visaya is also like the Higaynon in Hebrew word means “solemn sound”. The word “ya-wa” means a cursing word means evil, while “wa”means “not in you” in Visayan language. The word ‘ya” in Hebrew means “Yah” the short form of the name of the Mighty One of Yahshurunites (Israelites). Therefore the meaning of “ya-wa” means “Yahweh is not in you” or “evil” which is also a curse word in Hebrew language. The word ‘po’ derived from ‘ho’is an ancient primitive Hebrew words were being mentioned in all dialects of the Philippines.

The Title “SRI” become “Si”

The word “Sri” comes from Indian language means Prince, Holiness and a word of praise and respect to respectable and honorable person in India. The word “Vis” means Spirit in Samsi English Dictionary. Therefore the meaning of Sri-Vis-Jaya is “Prince or Holiness Spirit of Jaya”.

In the Philippine History when Fernando Magallanes (Ferdinand Magellan) reached the soil of now the Philippines he met for blood-compact the brother of Raja Kulambo of Limasawa that person is called “Si”- Agu (Siagu). Notice also the name Si-Malakas, Raja Si-Lapulapu. This was written by Historian Teodoro A. Agoncillo 1974 edition page 35 and 36 Filipino History. “Si” is the same as the “Sri” in Sri-Visjaya is a title of honorable person, which means Prince or Holiness.

Escaped Remnant Relations with India
During Romans Empire the Messiah of Nazareth appeared in Yahrusalem and gave instructions to his 12 disciples in Matthew 10:5-6 “These twelve Yahshu’a sent fort, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles (uncircumcised), and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel”. In Bible Dictionary of the Holy Bible of 1864 the Apostle Thomas was in India and mentioned that he was speared to death by King Misdeus of India. This is an evidence that the Apostles were looking for the lost tribe of Israel in India. In book of Ester 1:1, India was mentioned the furthest place controlled by Kingdom of Persia before Greek and Roman Empires.

The Holy Koran
In Holy Koran the name of John the son of ZechariYah the priest is called Yahya (please see copy of Sura:

Mary ). In Medina the city of Yathrib where residing the tribe of Yahuwdah (Jews) called “Ansar”. This was about before 622 AD. The Prophet of Islam religion Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon Him) married KhadiYah a widow from Syria and they reside together with the Ansar people in Medina the city of Yathrib. The name Yahya was famous and it was a name of a Yahuwdi (Jewish) person and the name of the son of the Levite Priest ZechariYah and Elizabeth the great granddaughter of Aaron the High Priest-the elder brother of Moses. At that time the Arab people were not yet converted into Mohammed religion and therefore the name YahYa is a Hebrew name not an Arabic name.

The Holy Bible
In the New Testament of the Bible a person with a name John (Yahya) is the same name whom the
Messiah of Nazareth says that person will not die until Yahshu’a Messiah comes again, John 21:21-23 “Peter seeing him saith to Yahshu’a, ‘Yahshu’a and what shall this man do’? Yahshu’a saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? Follow thou me” Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Yahshu’a said not unto him, he shall not die; but, if I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

The letter J
The Encyclopedia Americana contains the following on the J: “The form of J was unknown in any alphabet until the 14th century. Either symbol (J, I) used initially generally had the consonantal sound of Y as in year. Gradually, the two symbols (J, I) were differentiated, the J usually acquiring consonantal force and thus becoming regarded as a consonant, and the I becoming a vowel. It was not until 1630 that the differentiation became general in England.” The letter J was invented in 1633 AD about 376 years ago there is no letter “J”, and the letter J comes from letter Y and read as ‘y’. If the name of John is YahYa whom Yahshu’a Messiah said will be alive until Yahshu’a comes back, the name Sri-Vis-Jaya is supposed to be Sri-Vis YahYa.

SEARCH FOR OPHIR

Chryse, the "Golden One," is the name given by ancient Greek writers to an island rich in gold to the east of India. Pomponius Mela, Marinos of Tyre and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mention Chryse in the first century CE. It is basically the equivalent of the Indian Suvarnadvipa the "Island of Gold." Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equates the island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.

Chryse is often coupled with another island Argyre the "Island of Silver" and placed beyond the Ganges. Ptolemy locates both islands east of the Khruses Kersonenson the "Golden Peninsula" i.e. the Malaya Penisula. North of Chryse in the Periplus was Thin, which some consider the first European reference to China.

In addition to gold, Chryse was also famed for having the finest tortoise shell in the world according to the Periplus. Large ships brought trade goods back and forth between Chryse and the markets at the mouth of the Ganges.

Chin-lin
In ancient Chinese literature, a mysterious region beyond their southern border in Annam was known as Chin-lin "Golden Neighbor" and the Southeast Asian border was also called the "Golden Frontier."
When China invaded Annam (northern Vietnam) in the first century BCE, the kingdom of Champa fortified villages along the old caravan trail. This path became Route Colonial 9 during the French colonial period, and it was used by the Americans to build the McNamara Line of fortified bases during the Vietnam War.

With this fortified line, the rugged Central Highlands and a policy of constant piracy, the Champa kingdom held the Chinese at bay for a thousand years. After the fall of the Chin dynasty in the 5th century, Cham raids on Tongking became so frequent that the governor appealed to the emperor for assistance. A war of attrition between China and Champa began that lasted until the rise of the T'ang dynasty.During this time though, China was well aware of the golden lands far to the south. The Buddhist pilgrim I-Tsing mentions Chin-Chou "Isle of Gold" in the archipelago south of China on his way back from India.

Zabag and Wakwak
The kingdoms of Zabag and Wakwak, famed among the medieval Muslims as rich in gold, referred to the eastern islands of the Malay archipelago i.e. the Philippines and Eastern Indonesia.

Zabag was based in what would later become the kingdom of Lusung. In this sense, the Philippines fits the bill as a gold-rich realm. The country has consistently ranked second in the world behind only South Africa in gold deposits per land area. The Philippines has historically been the largest producer of gold in Asia despite its relatively small size and the fact that until 1980 most gold was obtained only through small alluvial deposits.

Although some ancient gold artifacts have been found in this region, they don't match the age suggested by linguistic reconstruction. Gold may have been mostly handed down from generation to generation rather than being used as a burial good item.

In about the second century CE, there arose a practice of using gold eye covers, and then, gold facial
orifice covers to adorn the dead resulting in an increase of ancient gold finds. More than a millennium later, the popularity of dental gold to decorate the teeth significantly increased the amount of gold found at archaeological sites.

When the Spanish came they discovered an abundance of gold used among the people of the Philippine islands. Here are some relevant quotes: Pieces of gold, the size of walnuts and eggs are found by sifting the earth in the island of that king who came to our ships. All the dishes of that king are of gold and also some portion of his house as we were told by that king himself...He had a covering of silk on his head, and wore two large golden earrings fastened in his ears...At his side hung a dagger, the haft of which was somewhat long and all of gold, and its scabbard of carved wood. He had three spots of gold on every tooth, and his teeth appeared as if bound with gold. Pigafetta on Raja Siaui of Butuan during Magellan's voyage For brass, iron and other weighty articles, they gave us gold in exchange...For 14 pounds of iron we received 10 pieces of gold, of the value of a ducat and a half. The Captain General forbade too great an anxiety for receiving gold, without which order every sailor would have parted with all he had to obtain this metal, which would have ruined our commerce forever.

Pigafetta on gold trade in Cebu
Sailing in this manner, for some time, in 16° of north latitude, they were obliged by continual contrary winds, to bear up again for the Philippine islands, and in their way back, had sight of six or seven additional islands, but did not anchor at any of them. They found also an archipelago, or numerous cluster of islands, in 15 or 16 degrees of north latitude, well inhabited by a white people, with beautiful wellproportioned women, and much better clothed than in any other of the islands of these parts; and they had many golden ornaments, which was a sure sign that there was some of that metal in their country.

Antonio Galvão in 1555 describing the journey of Bartholomew de la Torre in 1548 "...the ore is so rich that I will not write any more about it, as I might possibly come under a suspicion of exaggerating; but I swear by Christ that there is more gold on this island than there is iron in all Biscay."

Hernando Riquel et al., 1574
In this island, there are many gold mines, some of which have been inspected by the Spaniards, who say that the natives work them as is done in Nueva España with the mines of silver; and, as in these mines, the vein of ore here is continous. Assays have been made, yielding so great wealth that I shall not endeavor to describe them, lest I be suspected of lying. Time will prove the truth.

There are some chiefs in this island who have on their persons ten or twelve thousand ducats' worth of gold in jewels--to say nothing of the lands, slaves, and mines that they own. There are so many of these chiefs that they are innumerable. Likewise the individual subjects of these chiefs have a great quantity of the said jewels of gold, which they wear on their persons--bracelets, chains, and earrings of solid gold, daggers of gold, and other very rich trinkets. These are generally seen among them, and not only the chiefs and freemen have plenty of these jewels, but even slaves possess and wear golden trinkets upon their persons, openly and freely.

Guido de Lavezaris at al., 1574
About their necks they wear gold necklaces, wrought like spun wax, and with links in our fashion, some larger than others. On their arms they wear armlets of wrought gold, which they call calombigas, and which are very large and made in different patterns. Some wear strings of precious stones--cornelians and agates; and other blue and white stones, which they esteem highly. They wear around the legs some strings of these stones, and certain cords, covered with black pitch in many foldings, as garters.

Antonio de Morga, 1609
"... the natives proceed more slowly in this ,and content themselves with what they already possess in jewels and gold ingots handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. This is considerable, for he must be poor and wrethced who has no gold chains, calombigas, and earrings."

The Portugese explorer Pedro Fidalgo in 1545 found gold so abundant on Luzon the inhabitants were
willing to trade two pezoes of gold for one pezo of silver. When the Portuguese first arrived, most of the gold traded into Brunei came from Luzon. That island was known as Lusung Dao or "Golden Luzon" to the Chinese who also traded for gold in this region.

Mines Dating Back to at Least 1,000 B.C. Have Been Found in the Philippines

According to De Morga: (1,000 B.C. is when King Solomon’s navy of ships going to Ophir for gold)

Mines dating back to at least 1,000 B.C. have been found in the Philippines. When the Spanish arrived the Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. They also seemed to have worked in brass using tin that was likely imported from the Malay Peninsula. The iron work in particular was said to be of very high quality in some cases, and occasionally in some areas, even better than that found in Europe. When the Spanish arrived, the Philippines was so gilded with gold that most of the gold mines had been neglected. "... the natives proceed more slowly in this, and content themselves with what they already possess in jewels and gold ingots handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. This is considerable, for he must be poor and wrethced who has no gold chains, calombigas, and earrings."

As the missionary Francisco Colín wrote in 1663: In the punishment of crimes of violence the social rank of the slayer and slain made a great deal of difference. If the slain was a chief, all his kinsfolk took the warpath against the slayer and his kinfolk, and this state of war continued until arbiters were able to determine the amount of gold which had to be paid for the killing… The death penalty was not imposed by public authority save in cases where both the slayer and slain were commoners, and the slayer could not pay the blood price.

Blair and Robertson, Vol. II, p. 116.
Legazpi describes one of the "Moro" pilots captured from Butuan: "...a most experienced man who had much knowledge, not only of matters concerning these Filipinas Islands, but those of Maluco, Borney, Malaca, Jaba, India, and China, where he had had much experience in navigation and trade."

According to Pigafetta:
However, things seem to already diminished from Pigafetta's time: "On the island [Butuan] where the king came to the ship, pieces of gold as large as walnuts or eggs are to be found, by sifting the earth. All the dishes of the king are of gold, and his whole house is very well set up."

Pigafetta goes on to describe the huge gold ornaments, gold dagger handles, tooth plating and even gold that was used to decorate the outside of houses! On the  gold work of the Filipinos is this description of the people of Mindoro: ( copied by Israel recorded in 1Chronicles 29:4 Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal) "...they possess great skill in mixing it [gold] with other metals. They give it an outside appearance so natural and perfect, and so fine a ring, that unless it is melted they can deceive all men, even the best of silversmiths."

Arts of Asia 1981, no.4, p.54
Apparently, even foreigners desired Filipino gold products. Recent discoveries show that gold jewelry of Philippine origin was found in Egypt near the beginning of the era. These finds are mentioned in Laszlo Legeza's "Tantric elements in pre-Hispanic Philippines Gold Art," (Arts of Asia, Jul-Aug 1988, p. 131) along a discussion of Philippine Tantric art. Some outstanding examples of Philippine jewelry, which included necklaces, belts, armlets and rings placed around the waist, are showcased in J. T. Peralta's "Prehistoric gold ornaments from the Central Bank of the Philippines," Arts of Asia 1981, no.4, p.54.
More objects made of gold. The one on the right below has a Star of David inside the flower with the shape of the Star of David.

PROPHET ISAIAH PROPHECIES IN THE BIBLE
Isaiah 2:6 Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers. Isaiah 5:26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly: Isaiah 6:12 And have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land.

Isaiah 6:13 But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof. Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that shall set his hand again the SECOND TIME to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. Isaiah 13:5 They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even , and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land. Isaiah 24:15 Wherefore glorify ye in the fires, even the name of Elohim of Israel in the isles of the sea. Isaiah 26:20 Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast. Isaiah 28:11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. Isaiah 28:17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

Isaiah 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it. Isaiah 33:17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off. Isaiah 40:15 Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing. Isaiah 41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew their strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment. Isaiah 42:11 Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains. Isaiah 42:12 Let them give glory unto , and declare his praise in the islands. Isaiah 42:22 But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore. Isaiah 44:17 And the residue thereof he maketh an el, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my el.

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto an el that cannot save. Isaiah 45:21 Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I ? and there is no Elohim else beside me; a just El and a Saviour; there is none besides me. Isaiah 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am El, and there is none else. Isaiah 46:3 Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne by me from the belly, which are carried from the womb: Isaiah 46:4 And even to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver you.

Isaiah 46:11 Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it. Isaiah 49:1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. Isaiah 49:2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;

Isaiah 49:3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified. Isaiah 51:5 My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall judge the people; the isles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they trust. Isaiah 55:1 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

Isaiah 57:19 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near, saith; and I will heal him. Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of thy Elohim, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee. Isaiah 62:10 Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up, cast up the highway; gather out the stones; lift up a standard for the people. Isaiah 62:11 Behold, hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.

Isaiah 65:8 Thus saith , As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing is in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them Isaiah 65:9 And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there. Isaiah 65:15 And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto my chosen: for the Master shall slay thee, and call his servants by another name: Isaiah 66:7 Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child. Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.

The Philippines & the Filipinos

taGaLog, also known as taGaLa, is the main language of the Philippines & is considered certain people to be derived or influenced (substratus) from Hebrew. It doesn't seem to be by chance that this language & people have the term GaL as part of its name & this is the hebrew term Galut or GoLa meaning diaspora or exile. So the Filipinos are part of the Israelite diaspora. One of the Filipino heroes of independence was called SaKay, the very name of part of the Israelite offpring. In fact SaKay is considered to derive from iSaaC forefather of Israel. The tradiitonal thanksgiving song of Marinduque, in the Philippines, resembles the Thanksgiving found in the Old Testament.

     Filipinos sharing a meal. the Filipino people are an open people toward the Gospel of Jesus Christ

The Bohl's Chocolate Hills, in the Philippines are considered to be man made & are vey similar to the mounds found in the USA & made by Israelite American Indians. Circumcision, a typical Hebrew practice is performed all over the Philippines by Christians & Muslims. The Filipinos have a large diaspora all over the world despite the country doesn't have the population of giants like China & India. The large & very dispersed diaspora & generalized practice of circumcision all over the archipelago, plus the high proportion of seafearers, make the Filipinos good candidates to be Israelites. The Filipinos, with other Israelites, are indeed the salt of the earth, especially in the Arabian Peninsula. Thanks to them there are Christian churches in countries with barely any Christian, if at all, for centuries. In this Persian Gulf countries the Philippineans, with the Christians from India, constitute the majority (& practically the only) Christian community. It's interesting that the Christians from India come from areas where a large amount of people are considered to be Israelites.


Ptolemy mentions CaTiGaRa, a location named GattiGaRa (in the Philippines) by the renacentist explorer Pigafetta. As we can see in this names the sound G is switchable for K. It's the same with r & l, with p, b, v, f & with k, kh h. Then the Two words could mean KohaTGaLa or GaDGaLa. In other words diaspora of GaLa of GaD, or diaspora of KohaT, one of the 3 main clans of Levi. It's not coincidental either to find the toponym Samar in the Philippines because it points clearly to the Holy Land's toponym of Samaria, indicating their northern Israelite origin. There's a worldwide Israelite diaspora, besides the Jews. GoLa, GaLa, KoLa, GaRa, KoRa...or similar is GaLut, or in other words, exile or diasporain Hebrew. These are some of the names worldwide: CaLi, CaLedonia, KoRea, GaLatia, GuLu, GuLlah, anGLo, CaLvados, KaRenni, CoLlins, GaeL, GaLlia, GaLlia, GaLicia, in GaLl, taGaLa, taGaLog, KoLa, kiGaLi.

Tinguian Filipinos?

An animal is being stroked with oil preparatory to its being sacrificed.

The principal actors live in Kadalayapan and Kaodanan,6 towns which our chief story teller—when trying to explain the desire of Kanag to go down and get fruit—assures us were somewhere in the air, Page 8above the earth (Is KaoDaNan called after DaN? Is Kanag a form of Kanaan? Even the very word TiNguian has DN or TN).

The sky, the chief abode of spirits and celestial bodies, was above the land, and the heroes of the tales are pictured as ascending to visit the upper realms.

Marriage appears generally to be negotiated by the mother of the youth at his suggestion (p. 128). At times both his parents go to the girl's home, and after many preliminaries broach the subject of their mission. The girl's people discuss the proposition, and if they are favorable they set a day for the pakálon—a celebration at which the price to be paid for the bride is decided upon (p. 49). The parents of the groom then return home after having left some small present, such as a jar or an agate bead, as a sign of engagement. The pakálon is held a few days later at the girl's home, and for this event her people prepare a quantity of food (the parents choose spouse & the wedding is performed at the bride's parent's house as in ancient Israel).

Unfaithfulness seems to be sufficient justification for a man to abandon his wife and kill her admirer (after the TEn Commandements?).

Kadalayapan (any relation with Gad?--)KaD) and Kaodanan appear, in a vague way, to have been located in Abra (is Abra related to Abraham, ancestor of the Hebrews?)

A headhunt was one of the most important events in Tinguian life (there are several peoples in Insulindia regarded as Israelites that are headhunters). 

There are certain resemblances in culture, between Malaysia, Polynesia, and America, by historical connection.

It's interesting that the Tinguians are divided in twelve tribes, just like olden Israel. It's noteworthy too that the Tinguian settlements are located in Abra, a name that reminds either Abraham/Abram or Hebrew.

The Tinguian have the jew's harp made of bamboo, which is called ullibaw or kolibaw. 

The story of the great flood, like the origin myth, is a basic motif in oral tradition. It has clear Biblical roots.

The Tinguian ceremony of mourning the dead has an obvious Semitic origin.
Israelite harvester. The idudo is a dance of thanksgiving (it might come from the Torah) after the planting of the first rice grains or after the harvest of the last crop. As the pig (against the Torah) is butchered, the tapuy (rice wine) is brought out, the gongs and drums are played and the dancing begins.

Religious Beliefs and Practices

In Tinguian cosmogony, the first inhabitants in the world were their very ancestors. The world was created by a Supreme being named Bagatulayan, who lives and rules the celestial realm, directing its activities. Kadaklan is a deity subordinate to Bagatulayan. He is a friendly spirit who teaches the Tinguian how to pray, harvest their crops, ward off evil spirits, and overcome bad omens and cure sicknesses. Apadel or Kalagang, another deity, is known to be the guardian and dweller of the spirit-stones called pinaing which play an important role in the spiritual world of the Tinguian. Of various sizes and shapes, the pinaing are usually found in sports marked out as hallowed ground, often under old trees (at different times were shrines for the ancient Israelites. ), and are deemed to be the protectors of such places and of the creatures who live in the forests.

Filipino Israelites

There's a similarity in culture and physical characteristics of the Kayan and Karen with some of the tribes of the Philippine Islands (The Filipinos are considered to be Israelites by some people), e.g., the Davao and Tinguian tribes. Since the Karen Israelites are similar to the Davao & Tinguian people, then they could also be Israelites, after all many explorers have regarded the Philippines at different times as the ancient Ophir land full of gold from which king solomon got his gold. That doesn't mean there was only one Ophir, there could be several..

Kati is indeed a name of different Israelite groups: Getai (Guti, Catti or Goths), Ka'ti Berbers...

It's remarkable that the non-Muslim peoples of Insulindia (Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, East Timor...) are called Alefuru because, despite being a Malay word, it also has a Hebrew meaning. I suspected the Hebrew origin of Filipinos & after researching I found more people supporting it. If we apply the Hebrew vowelization the word Alefuru is very close to Ophir, Hebrew or Eburutu. I'm not the first to suggest that the celebrated Ophir of old could be the Philippines. Ophir could even apply to the whole of Insulindia. I suggest that there could have been several Ophirs in different areas of the world with Hebrew colonies, even if the peoples don't look Semitic due to intermingling with natives. Alefuru might be Hebrew after all. In this group are the Philippines, East Timor, both being mainly Christian, the also Christian island of Molucas,  in Indonesia, the Hindu island of Bali, in Indonesia too...

taGaLog, also known as taGaLa, is the main language of the Philippines & is considered by certain people to be derived or influenced (substratus) from Hebrew. It doesn't seem to be by chance that this language & people have the term GaL as part of its name & this is the hebrew term Galut or GoLa meaning diaspora or exile. So the Filipinos are part of the Israelite diaspora. One of the Filipino heroes of independence was called SaKay, the very name of part of the Israelite offpring. In fact SaKay is considered to derive from iSaaC forefather of Israel. The tradiitonal thanksgiving song of Marinduque, in the Philippines, resembles the Thanksgiving found in the Old Testament.

The Bohl's Chocolate Hills, in the Philippines are considered to be man made & are vey similar to the mounds found in the USA & made by Israelite American Indians. Circumcision, a typical Hebrew practice is performed all over the Philippines by Christians & Muslims. The Filipinos have a large diaspora all over the world despite the country doesn't have the population of giants like China & India. The large & very dispersed diaspora & generalized practice of circumcision all over the archipelago, plus the high proportion of seafearers, make the Filipinos good candidates to be Israelites. The Filipinos, with other Israelites, are indeed the salt of the earth, especially in the Arabian Peninsula. Thanks to them there are Christian churches in countries with barely any Christian, if at all, for centuries. In the Persian Gulf countries the Philippineans, with the Christians from India, constitute the majority (& practically the only) Christian community. It's interesting that the Christians from India come from areas where a large amount of people are considered to be Israelites too.'

Ptolemy mentions CaTiGaRa, a location named GattiGaRa (again we find the spreadding of the Israelite name Catti in its different spelled ways, in this case as a preffix) in the Philippines by the renacentist explorer Pigafetta. As we can see in this names the sound G is switchable for K. It's the same with r & l, with p, b, v, f & with k, kh h. Then the Two words could mean KohaTGaLa or GaDGaLa. In other words diaspora or GaLa of GaD, or diaspora of KohaT, one of the 3 main clans of Levi. It's not coincidental either to find the toponym Samar in the Philippines because it points clearly to the Holy Land's toponym of Samaria, indicating their northern Israelite origin.

The Sakai, Semangs or Mani 

The Semang believe restoration of life is possible. Royal blood they thought to be white (the Israelites before mixing with locals?). Vows are made at a Holy Place. Rites include prayer, sacrifice, purification, fasting, divination, burning incence & sacrifices. Semangs are aboriginal non-Mu- but the one referred to in this legend Hammadan inhabitants of the interior had white blood, which is considered of the Peninsula.

Languages Batek, Lanoh, Jahai, Mendriq, Mintil, Kensiu, Kintaq, Ten'edn, Malay

Religion Animism and significant adherents of Islam, Christianity or Buddhism.

Scarification is practised, dissobeying Leviticus 19:28 ► Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I am the LORD.

These are their main clans: Batek, Lanoh, Jahai, Mani, Kensiu, Kintaq, Mendriq.

Ancient Sakais were Scythians, therefore Israelites. The Sakai or Mani are a small group of people that lives in small scattered groups that live in the forest of Southern Thailand, in Malaysia & Indonesia also. Southern Thai people call them wild Rapatan fruit, because this fruit looks a lot like the hair of the Sakai. Sometimes they are called forest people or Sakay, this mean barbarian or strong wild person. But the Sakai people like other people to call them "Orang Asli" This name comes from Malaysia. "Orang Asli" means "The people who were here first" The Sakai like to call themselves the "Mani" This means Human or our group. The Sakai have characteristics of a Nigrito race of people. They are much like the people of Papua New Guinea.

They are near the boarder of Malaysia and Southern Thailand. They are in the provinces of Naratiwat, Yala, Satun and Patalung. The Semangs live in caves or leaf-shelters that form between branches. A loincloth for the men, made of tree bark hammered out with a wooden mallet from the bark of the terap, a species of wild bread-fruit tree, and a short skirt of the same for the women, is the only dress worn; some go naked.

These people are negroids. They live in Malaysia & Thailand. Semang might derive from the patriarch Sem's name, plus an added suffix.

In Thailand there are 250 to 300 Sakai people in Thailand. There are many more in Malaysia. A Sakai community usually has 20 to 50 people in it. They are hunters and gatherers mostly. If a person dies they are afraid of that area because of the spirit of the person. They are also afraid that a tiger will come and eat the body and then come and eat other people. If a person relieves themself close to a persons house, they will leave and move out. If a Thai person comes and asks that they send their children to school, they will leave the location. They are afraid of other people stealing their children.

There are 4 dialects of Sakai. These different dialects are not able to understand each other, they are in the same family, but very different. Gunsiu: is the first dialect. It is used in the Province of Yala. Danan Dayai and Yahi are the other three. They are used in the provinces of Satun Patalung and Trang. But, now days Sakai people use the Southern Thai and Central Thai more than the language of their ancestors. It is slowly disappearing. This is do to the fact that it is not a written language, oral only.

All four of these groups have the same name for a god like deity. They call him "Bagayba" It means "God the most High creator of all things and is the one who takes care of the Sakai people". They a animistic people that worship other spirits that are under the main spirit "Bagayba" They believe these spirits live in the rivers, mountains and certain trees.

When a Sakai person is sick they have a certain ceremony that they do. The head man or the chief of the community will be like a priest for people to worship and pray to Bagayba. He has the ability to heal people in the name of Bagayba. This healing ceremony is called "Sahos"

More than 60 years ago Paul Fleming (The founder of New Tribes Mission) went and worked with the Sakai in Malaysia (Then Micronesia), but never worked with the Sakai in Thailand. He only worked with the Sakai for 4 years and nothing is really known about any Sakai believers from this work.

The Sakai people are also found in Perak, Kedah and Pahang of Malaysia.

Sakai Indonesians & Sakai Malayans

Sakai is one of the tribes in Indonesia who live in the interior of Riau, Sumatra. Sakai is a Minangkabau descent who migrated to the edge of Gasib River, upstream of Rokan River, Riau hinterland in the 14th century. As with Kampar, Kuantan, and Indragiri people, Sakai is a community of Pagaruyung who migrated to the Riau mainland centuries ago. Most of the Sakai community living as a farmer. There are no definite data about the number of Sakai. Population data issued by the Ministry of Social Affairs Republic of Indonesia stated that the number of Sakai in Bengkalis Regency of 4,995 inhabitants.

Anotyher name for the Sakais is Semais. Have the Semais a Semitic origin. Their name might do.


Their literacy standard is, however, higher comparedwith the other Orang Asli tribes.

Regions with significant populations Riau, Indonesia. Languages Sakai language. Religion Animism, Islam, Christian. Related ethnic groups Malay people, Minangkabau people. Alternate Names: Central  Sakai, Sakai, Sengoi, Senoi. Total population 56,000.

In the local language ‘Sakai’ means slave & ‘Sengoi’, people. Nevertheless Sakai was one of the names from which the Lost Israelite Scythians were known in Central Asia. Sakai, Sakae, Saka, Scythian...were but forms derived from Isaac their ancestor. Perhaps they became of some local kingdom & lost their Israelite identity almost completely. Perhaps that’s why the word Sakai became a synonym of slave. Does it sound familiar? The ancient Israelites were first a people when they became slaves of the Pharaoh in Egypt. After 400 years of slavery, the words Israelite or Hebrew probably meant slave for the Egyptians. The Israelites have been slaves many times by different peoples (Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians...).

It's noteworthy that Sengoi means people & goi means people as well in Hebrew. Coincience? Sen might be just prefix. Senoi is another form of their name. Perhaps the prevalence of Sen means something related to their origin. So Sengoi might mean "people from Sen" or the like. The Lemba Israelites of southern Africa claim to come from Sena, a place name now considered to derive from Zion or Sion, a mountain symbolizing the Holy Land. So Sengoi would be "people from Zion".

The west Semai are more acculturated to Malay society than east Semai.

A genetic study conducted in 1995 by a team of biologists from the National University of Singapore has shown a close relationship between the Semai and the Khmer of Cambodia. This is in line with the linguistic situation of the Semai, whose language belongs to the Mon-Khmer family. Furthermore, the Semai seem to be more closely relatedto the Javanese than to their Malay neighbors on the peninsula.

Sakai is one of the tribes in Indonesia who live in the interior of Riau, Sumatra. Sakai has a Minangkabau descent. The Minangkabaus are considered as Lost Israelites.

The Sakai who migrated to the edge of Gasib River,  upstream of Rokan River, Riau hinterland in the 14th century. As with Kampar, Kuantan, and Indragiri people, Sakai is a community of Pagaruyung who migrated to the Riau mainland centuries ago. Most of the Sakai community living as a farmer. There are no definite data about the number of Sakai.

Samaras in the World

Samar is the easternmost island in the Visayas. Samar was the first island of the Philippines sighted by the Spanish expedition of Ferdinand Magellan on 16 March 1521 after having left the Mariana Islands. Samar's name, as seen below, sounds as coming from the Israelite Samaria. How about Visaya's end coming from Yah?

Samara is a female given name. It is of Hebrew origin and its meaning is guardian or protected by God. Related names are Samaria, Samarie, Sammara and Semara. 

Other Samaras: Samara, Russia, a city on the eastern bank of the Volga River, Russia Samara Oblast, the surrounding federal subject of Russia. Samara Bend, the largest bend of the Volga River, Russia. Samara Reservoir, an informal name of Kuybyshev Reservoir on the Volga River. Samara River, a river in Russia, a left tributary of the Volga River. Samara River (Dnieper), a river in Ukraine, a left tributary of the Dnieper River. Samarskyi District, an urban district of the city of Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. Neu Samara Colony, a former Mennonite colony in the Orenburg region, Russia. The Samara culture is considered to be a western derivative of Scythians (Israelites). They were a warrior culture & made animal & human sacrifices like the pagan Israelites. All the place names on this paragraph are in an area were the Scythian Israelites & then the Khazar Israelites established.

More Samaras:

Sămara, a village in Poiana Lacului Commune, Argeş County, Romania. Samara, the old name of the Somme River, France. France is an important Lost Israelite country, so it shouldn't be surprising to find a Samara named after their lost capital back in Israel. Samara, alternative name of Smara, a city in Western Sahara. Sámara, a beach town in Costa Rica.

Taiwanese aborigines?

Taiwanese aborigines (Chinese: 原住民; pinyin: yuánzhùmín; Wade–Giles: yüan2-chu4-min2; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: gôan-chū-bîn; literally: "original inhabitants") is the term commonly applied in reference to the indigenous peoples of Taiwan estimated to constitute 2% of the population of the island, about 510,000 people.

Han Chinese immigration began in the 17th century. Taiwanese aborigines are Austronesian peoples, with linguistic and genetic ties to other Austronesian ethnic groups, such as peoples of the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Madagascar, Polynesia, and Oceania. The issue of an ethnic identity unconnected to the Asian mainland has become one thread in the discourse regarding the political status of Taiwan.

If I put the native inhabitants of Taiwan in this list is because they're culturally & ethnically closer to Insulindians than they are to Chinese Hans, although the Hans are the majority in Taiwan. The native people of Taiwan had head dresses similar to the ones of the American Indians. The facial features of these native Taiwanese are similar to the Amerindians'.

The indigenous peoples of Taiwan face economic and social barriers, including a high unemployment rate and substandard education. Many aboriginal groups have been actively seeking a higher degree of political self-determination and economic development since the early 1980s. A revival of ethnic pride is expressed in many ways by aborigines, including incorporating elements of their culture into commercially successful pop music. Efforts are under way in indigenous communities to revive traditional cultural practices and preserve their traditional languages. Several aboriginal tribes are becoming extensively involved in the tourism and ecotourism industries to achieve increased economic self-reliance from the state. The Austronesian Cultural Festival in Taitung City is another means to promote aboriginal culture.


For most of their recorded history, Taiwanese aborigines have been defined by the agents of different Confucian, Christian, and Nationalist "civilizing" projects, with a variety of aims. Each "civilizing" project defined the aborigines based on the "civilizer"'s cultural understandings of difference and similarity, behavior, location, appearance and prior contact with other groups of people. Taxonomies imposed by colonizing forces divided the aborigines into named subgroups, referred to as "tribes". These divisions did not always correspond to distinctions drawn by the aborigines themselves. However, the categories have become so firmly established in government and popular discourse over time that they have become de facto distinctions, serving to shape in part today's political discourse within the Republic of China (ROC), and affecting Taiwan's policies regarding indigenous peoples.

The Han sailor, Chen Di, in his Record of the Eastern Seas (1603), identifies the indigenous people of Taiwan as simply "Eastern Savages" (東番; Dongfan), while the Dutch referred to Taiwan's original inhabitants as "Indians" or "blacks", based on their prior colonial experience in what is currently Indonesia.

Beginning nearly a century later, as the rule of the Qing Empire expanded over wider groups of people, writers and gazetteers recast their descriptions away from reflecting degree of acculturation, and toward a system that defined the aborigines relative to their submission or hostility to Qing rule. Qing literati used the term "raw/wild" ("生番") to define those people who had not submitted to Qing rule, and "cooked; tamed or subjugated" ("熟番") for those who had pledged their allegiance through their payment of a head tax. According to the standards of the Qianlong Emperor and successive regimes, the epithet "cooked" was synonymous with having assimilated to Han cultural norms, and living as a subject of the Empire, but it retained a pejorative designation to signify the perceived cultural lacking of the non-Han people. This designation reflected the prevailing idea that anyone could be civilized/tamed by adopting Confucian social norms.

As the Qing consolidated their power over the plains and struggled to enter the mountains in the late 19th century, the terms Pingpu (平埔族; Pingpu-zu/Pepo; "Plains tribes") and Gaoshan (高山族; Gaoshan-zu; "High Mountain tribes") were used interchangeably with the epithets "cooked" and "raw". During the 50 years of Japanese colonial rule (1895–1945), anthropologists from Japan maintained the binary classification. In 1900 they incorporated it into their own colonial project by employing the term Peipo (平埔) for the "cooked tribes", and creating a category of "recognized tribes" for the aborigines who had formerly been called "raw". The Wushe Incident of 1930 led to many changes in aboriginal policy, and the Japanese government began referring to them as Takasago-zoku (高砂族). The latter group included the Atayal, Bunun, Tsou, Saisiat, Paiwan, Puyuma, and Ami peoples. The Yami (Tao) and Rukai were added later, for a total of nine recognized tribes. During the early period of Chinese Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) rule the terms Shandi Tongbao (山地同胞) "mountain compatriots" and Pingdi Tongbao (平地同胞) "plains compatriots" were invented, to remove the presumed taint of Japanese influence and reflect the place of Taiwan's indigenous people in the Chinese Nationalist state (Harrison 2001:60). The KMT later adopted the use of all the earlier Japanese groupings except Peipo.

The government of Taiwan officially recognizes distinct tribes among the indigenous community based upon the qualifications drawn up by the Council of Indigenous Peoples (CIP). To gain this recognition, tribes must gather a number of signatures and a body of supporting evidence with which to successfully petition the CIP. Formal recognition confers certain legal benefits and rights upon a group, as well as providing them with the satisfaction of recovering their separate identity as a tribe. As of June 2014, 16 tribes have been recognized.

The Council of Indigenous Peoples consider several limited factors in a successful formal petition. The determining factors include collecting member genealogies, group histories and evidence of a continued linguistic and cultural identity. The lack of documentation and the extinction of many indigenous languages as the result of colonial cultural and language policies have made the prospect of official recognition of many tribes a remote possibility. Current trends in ethno-tourism have led many former Plains Aborigines to continue to seek cultural revival.



Among the Plains groups that have petitioned for tribal status, only the Kavalan and Sakizaya have been officially recognized. The remaining twelve recognized tribes are traditionally regarded as mountain aboriginals.

Other tribal groups or subgroups that have pressed for recovery of legal aboriginal status include the Chimo (who have not formally petitioned the government), the Kakabu, Makatao, Pazeh, and Siraya (Kavalan become 2002). The act of petitioning for recognized status, however, does not always reflect any consensus view among scholars that the relevant group should in fact be categorized as a separate tribe.

There is discussion among both scholars and political groups regarding the best or most appropriate name to use for many of the tribes and their languages, as well as the proper romanization of that name. Commonly cited examples of this ambiguity include (Seediq/Sediq/Truku/Taroko) and (Tao/Yami).

Nine of the tribes were originally recognized before 1945 by the Japanese government. The Thao, Kavalan and Truku were recognized by Taiwan's government in 2001, 2002 and 2004 respectively. The Sakizaya were recognized as a 13th tribe on January 17, 2007, and on April 23, 2008 the Sediq were recognized as Taiwan's 14th official tribe. Previously the Sakizaya had been listed as Amis and the Sediq as Atayal. A full list of the recognized tribes of Taiwan, as well as some of the more commonly cited unrecognized tribal groups, is as follows:

Recognized: Ami, Atayal, Bunun, Hla'alua, Kanakanavu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Tao, Thao, Tsou, Truku, Sakizaya and Sediq.

Unrecognized: Babuza, Basay, Hoanya, Ketagalan, Luilang, Makatao, Pazeh/Kaxabu, Papora, Qauqaut, Siraya, Taokas, Trobiawan.

Taiwanese aborigines in the People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China (PRC) government officially refers to all Taiwanese aborigines as Gaoshan, which are one of the 56 ethnicities officially recognized by the PRC. They are descendants of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan who were in mainland China during the establishment in 1949. According to the 2000 Census, 4,461 people were identified as Gaoshan living in mainland China. Some surveys indicate that of the 4,461 Gaoshan recorded in the 2000 PRC Census, it is estimated that there are 1,500 Amis, 1,300 Bunun, 510 Paiwan, and the remainder belonging to other tribes.

Of the current population of Taiwanese aborigines, about 70% identify themselves as Christian. Moreover, many of the Plains groups have mobilized their members around predominantly Christian organizations; most notably the Taiwan Presbyterian Church and Catholicism.

Lost Ten Tribes on Pacific Rim

The part of the Pacific that you probably have in mind are the twelve South Pacific Island nations, from which a number of them have legends that relate them to the ancient  Hebrew slaves who did NOT leave Egypt when Moses led the others out of Egypt to the Promised Land.

The researched data indicates that they all did not leave Egypt at the same time, but left in smaller groups, some to South Africa (the Lemba tribe), others to West Africa as well as Ethiopia, while others came to the Pacific Islands.

I do not have much of this on my website, but the the best information is recorded in Chapters 5, 6 and 7 of my recent book "Genetically Modified Prophecies" by Victor Schlatter and can be purchased the easiest on Amazon.com.  Chapters 5 and 6 are specific details that I have seen firsthand in Papua New Guinea, while chapter 7 has the same kind of records from Vanuatu by well-educated islanders who knew of early information from the Missionaries as well as suggestions in another one of my books.

There are also chapters with lesser information on lost Israel in China, Japan, USA and Latin America.


Gomer and Hosea

Apparently most of the people of the lost ten tribes emerged from their Assyrian captivity north of the Tigris river to begin some extensive wanderings among the nations. They came out from the shadow of the Caucasus Mountains. Some went across the Caucasus into the steppes of Russia. Others went east even as far as India and Japan. Nuclear physicist turned missionary Victor Schlatter discovered significant connections to lost Israel among the islanders of southeast Asia. See this article from South Pacific Island Ministries.

But the main drift was towards the west in the Celtic flows into Europe. There is good evidence that in spite of being dislodged from the Holy Land the lost tribes and are still in tribal/national groupings. Yes, perhaps they may have been scattered. But perhaps they are now being regathered and are now actually clumped together as nations. The prophet Micah said that YHVH-God would in fact regather all of Israel. (Micah 2:12) Could it be that the lost ten tribes have been brought back together after 27 centuries? Are the tribes like bands of colors moving together in a paper chromatography? God's people are are clearly being gathered. And it would seem that they are being pushed along by their histories. Are they also being gathered together by the drawing which comes from their God-given spiritual character?

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